Obesity rates have nearly tripled since the 1980’s in the United States and in many European countries, and this rise has been particularly alarming with regards to children. To combat childhood obesity, policy makers have increasingly been examining school food environments. School food environments are defined as policies enacted by a school affecting students’ dietary intake during the school day. The proposed project will evaluate various consequences of three distinct school food environment components. The first policy is the ban of carbonated beverages in schools, and the analysis will ask whether household compensation in response to these bans - already observed in my ongoing research - varies based on household characteristics or how long it has been since the ban was initially introduced. The second policy is the provision of healthier school lunches, and I will evaluate the effect the provision of healthier school lunches in a Northern California school district had on student test scores and fitness outcomes. The third school food environment component is whether high schools grant their students the privilege to go off campus during the school day, which exposes these children to food purchasing options outside of school. This analysis will extend upon my previous research on open/closed campus policies concerning their effect on academic outcomes and will examine the effect on student behavior outcomes and fitness outcomes.
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