This delivery will describe a comprehensive study of the available data on water vapour and frost, combining data from MGS and MEx, including the climatology of seasonal surface frost and the information on the vertical distribution obtained in previous WPs, focusing on the discrepancies found in previous comparative studies, and validating and tuning the water cycle included in the LMD-MGCM, adding If necessary, new or improved parameterisation of different physical processes.
Aerosol-free surface reflectance maps derived from data acquired by OMEGA/MEX for specific regions covered by OMEGA on Mars. The surface reflectance will include the solar and thermal spectral regions from 0.4 μm to 4 μm. Diagnostic spectral indexes for the identification of mineralogical units.
A radiative transfer technique in spherical geometry and including multiple scattering will be applied to OMEGA IR limb spectra to characterize dust properties, namely vertical maps of opacity and grain size distribution with altitude.
Extensive description of the improvements implemented in the retrieval codes to take into account the non-homogeneity existing along the line of sight. Using the code developed under WP6 to better take into account the temperature and pressure gradients across the terminator predicted by GCM (D6.1) and the in-homogenities along the line of sight, reprocess the SPICAM occultation observations to provide improved vertical profiles for ozone.
A climatology of cloud particle size and opacity as retrieved from the entire NIR spectral data OMEGA dataset (using Aerosol-free surface reflectance maps from CP3) with documentations detailing the method and the scientific findings.
To produce profiles of concentration of trace gas species through the martian subsurface. This will be performed for a range of conditions and scenarios. Detailed description of the gas transport model to be used for the subsurface trace gas transport studies.
This report will include the code, full documentation and published validation for LETKF assimilation scheme
This delivery will provide quantitatively plausible scenarios for the evolution of near-surface ice by taking into account relavant observations to present-day near-surface ice distribution from e.g. MARSIS/MEx.
Improve the dust optical properties by considering SPICAM/UV and CRISM/MRO observations and show the impact on the ozone distribution.
Report on the simulation and interpretation of the Lyman alpha emissions, including observations from SPICAM and simulations with a Global Climate Model
Retrievals of water vapour mixing ratio over a same region before, during, and after a dust storm. At the same time, the PFS LWC will be used to retrieve water vapour mixing (see, e.g., Fouchet et al., 2007). The effect of the dust storms on the atmospheric and surface temperatures (D5.2), as well as on the H2O abundance (D5.3) will be analyzed by comparing these quantities retrieved before, during, and after the occurrence of the storm.
Using the new method and algorithm developed under WP4 to detect the presence of clouds from nadir observations in the UV spectral region, build maps of ice clouds
This deliverable will include an extension and validation reanalysis of past spacecraft data, including choice of a reference period for cross-validation.
Scientific report about the comparison between the simulated temperature/density structure of the upper atmosphere with the measurements, including the correlation with the conditions of the lower atmosphere
Scientific report of regional surface heat flow models for the locations of ExoMars and InSight landing sites and other places of special interest, including data for use in GIS.
The radiance observed by the PFS Long-Wavelength Channel (LWC; 200-2000 cm-1) depends on several parameters of the atmosphere and surface of Mars, as described by radiative transfer theory: the surface temperature and emissivity, the column density of dust and water ice aerosols in the atmosphere, the air temperatures as a function of altitude, the surface pressure, and the column density of water vapor and carbon monoxide. Adopting the very general formalism of Bayesian analysis, an algorithm for the scientific analysis of individual calibrated PFS measurements has been developed. In our retrieval scheme, the entire range 400–1100 cm−1 is used simultaneously for the self-consistent retrieval of the following parameters (state vector elements): (a) surface temperature; (b) air temperature profile (in the indicative range 1–50 km); (c) integrated silicate dust content; (d) integrated water ice content. A description of the adopted method can be found in Grassi et al. (2005).
Scientific report presenting a global surface heat flow model for the present-day Mars, and including data in standard format permitting their use by a Geographycal Information System (GIS). Model of the evolution of Martian heat flow of and their patterns of regional variability, including data in standard format for use in GIS.
This deliverable is a publication of the trace gas assimilation scheme and will also include a dissemination of the data set.
Scientific report on the measurements of the MEx IR non-LTE and UV dayglow, and their simulation. Maps at different seasonal/solar cycle conditions of the UV dayglow emissions as predicted by a 3D Global Climate Model
This deliverable will provide a dynamic model for the subsurface water vapour diffusion and ice deposition. It will also investigate spatial/temporal variations of the clathrate stability zone within the crust of Mars as a function of different crustal compositions (i.e. location)
Provide fields of atmospheric quantities, such as temperature, pressure, trace gases concentration at the day/night terminator using GCM models to characterize the photochemistry of Mars during sunrise and sunsets
Produce a report describing the atmospheric concentration of potential trace gas species, as a function of atmospheric state and surface adsorbent compositions. Compilation of outputs relating to subsurface reservoirs and the transport of trace gas species in the martian subsurface and atmosphere.
Report on the state of the art three years after the start of the project, with a focus on the specific achievements and the knowledge generated during UPWARDS.
Reconstructed atmospheric variables using MSL EDL trajectory & forebody pressure data. Comparison of the performances of advanced filtering methods on reconstructed MSL trajectory & atmospheric variables. Reconstructed trajectory & atmospheric variables for ExoMars EDL & related publications.
The goal is to describe the state of the art in the different directions of UPWARDS and at the beginning of the project, as a reference to define the starting point and to evaluate goals and achievements throughout the duration of the project and at the end of it.
Dataset of vertical profiles of CO2 and CO in the upper atmosphere obtained from the analysis of OMEGA and PFS IR measurements, and of the temperature derived from them
Vertical profiles of H2O and CO for selected seasons and locations in a format facilitating its dissemination (PDS, or ESA-based ExoMars archive format).
Development, testing and validation of multiple-scattering radiative transfer model for spherical geometry to be used for limb observation data.
This delivery will clearly define the tasks related to the Dissemination and Exploitation activities within the Consortium, including release of new high-level data to ESA archives, the creation and preservation of a reference archive of the Consortium publications, reports and deliveries, adn the outline of the diverse directions to promote the exploitation of the UPWARDS results. Design and distribution of an evaluated C&EPO strategic plan, including an identity project design & a brand guidelines document.
2nd Video about the Mars scientific challenges addressed by UPWARDS directed to the general public.
Micro-exhibition including video, hands-on stands, interactive discussions, classical films & conferences by experts from UPWARDS & others. (M18-M30 depending on stakeholders)
Document explaining the implementation and formatting of the Level 2 and higher level data produced and released to European archives (including PSA).
Production of 1st Video about the Mars scientific challenges addressed by UPWARDS and the presentation of the project to the general public.
Searching for OpenAIRE data...
Author(s): Laura M. Parro, Alberto Jiménez-Díaz, Federico Mansilla, Javier Ruiz
Published in: Scientific Reports, Issue 7, 2017, Page(s) 45629, ISSN 2045-2322
Author(s): A. Stiepen, S. K. Jain, N. M. Schneider, J. I. Deighan, F. González-Galindo, J.-C. Gérard, Z. Milby, M. H. Stevens, S. Bougher, J. S. Evans, A. I. F. Stewart, M. S. Chaffin, M. Crismani, W. E. McClintock, J. T. Clarke, G. M. Holsclaw, F. Montmessin, F. Lefèvre, F. Forget, D. Y. Lo, B. Hubert, B. M. Jakosky
Published in: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Issue 122/5, 2017, Page(s) 5782-5797, ISSN 2169-9380
Author(s): Manish R. Patel, Philippe Antoine, Jonathon Mason, Mark Leese, Brijen Hathi, Adam H. Stevens, Daniel Dawson, Jason Gow, Timothy Ringrose, James Holmes, Stephen R. Lewis, Didier Beghuin, Philip van Donink, Renaud Ligot, Jean-Luc Dewandel, Daohua Hu, Doug Bates, Richard Cole, Rachel Drummond, Ian R. Thomas, Cédric Depiesse, Eddy Neefs, Eddy Equeter, Bojan Ristic, Sophie Berkenbosch, David Bolsée,
Published in: Applied Optics, Issue 56/10, 2017, Page(s) 2771, ISSN 0003-6935
Author(s): Y. Willame, A.C. Vandaele, C. Depiesse, F. Lefèvre, V. Letocart, D. Gillotay, F. Montmessin
Published in: Planetary and Space Science, Issue 142, 2017, Page(s) 9-25, ISSN 0032-0633
Author(s): Miguel A. López-Valverde, Jean-Claude Gerard, Francisco González-Galindo, Ann-Carine Vandaele, Ian Thomas, Oleg Korablev, Nikolai Ignatiev, Anna Fedorova, Franck Montmessin, Anni Määttänen, Sabrina Guilbon, Franck Lefevre, Manish R. Patel, Sergio Jiménez-Monferrer, Maya García-Comas, Alejandro Cardesin, Colin F. Wilson, R. T. Clancy, Armin Kleinböhl, Daniel J. McCleese, David M. Kass, Nick
Published in: Space Science Reviews, Issue 214/1, 2018, Page(s) 214:29, ISSN 0038-6308
Author(s): J-Y. Chaufray, F. Gonzalez-Galindo, F. Forget, M. Lopez-Valverde, F. Leblanc, R. Modolo, S. Hess
Published in: Icarus, Issue 301, 2018, Page(s) 132-135, ISSN 0019-1035
Author(s): R.M. Chapman, S.R. Lewis, M. Balme, L.J. Steele
Published in: Icarus, Issue 292, 2017, Page(s) 154-167, ISSN 0019-1035
Author(s): T. E. Dowling, M. E. Bradley, J. Du, S. R. Lewis, P. L. Read
Published in: Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, Issue 143/702, 2017, Page(s) 37-52, ISSN 0035-9009
Author(s): Paulina Wolkenberg, Marco Giuranna, Davide Grassi, Alessandro Aronica, Shohei Aoki, Diego Scaccabarozzi, Bortolino Saggin
Published in: Icarus, Issue 310, 2018, Page(s) 32-47, ISSN 0019-1035
Author(s): Adam H. Stevens, Manish R. Patel, Stephen R. Lewis
Published in: Icarus, Issue 281, 2017, Page(s) 240-247, ISSN 0019-1035
Author(s): F. Oliva, A. Geminale, E. D'Aversa, F. Altieri, G. Bellucci, F.G. Carrozzo, G. Sindoni, D. Grassi
Published in: Icarus, Issue 300, 2018, Page(s) 1-11, ISSN 0019-1035
Author(s): J. A. Holmes, M. R. Patel, S. R. Lewis
Published in: Geophysical Research Letters, Issue 44/16, 2017, Page(s) 8611-8620, ISSN 0094-8276
Author(s): Liam J. Steele, Matthew R. Balme, Stephen R. Lewis
Published in: Icarus, Issue 284, 2017, Page(s) 233-248, ISSN 0019-1035
Author(s): James A. Holmes, Stephen R. Lewis, Manish R. Patel
Published in: Icarus, Issue 282, 2017, Page(s) 104-117, ISSN 0019-1035
Author(s): James A. Holmes, Stephen R. Lewis, Manish R. Patel, Franck Lefèvre
Published in: Icarus, Issue 302, 2018, Page(s) 308-318, ISSN 0019-1035
Author(s): Liam J. Steele, Matthew R. Balme, Stephen R. Lewis, Aymeric Spiga
Published in: Icarus, Issue 289, 2017, Page(s) 56-79, ISSN 0019-1035
Author(s): Isabel Egea-Gonzalez, Alberto Jiménez-Díaz, Laura M. Parro, Valle López, Jean-Pierre Williams, Javier Ruiz
Published in: Icarus, Issue 288, 2017, Page(s) 53-68, ISSN 0019-1035
Author(s): S. Robert, C. Camy-Peyret, F. Daerden, M. De Mazière, E. De Wachter, L. Neary, S. Vandenbussche, A.C. Vandaele
Published in: Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, Issue 189, 2017, Page(s) 86-104, ISSN 0022-4073
Author(s): Bart Van Hove, Özgür Karatekin
Published in: Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets, Issue 54/3, 2017, Page(s) 609-620, ISSN 0022-4650
Author(s): Meaza Tsige, Javier Ruiz, Ian A. del Río, Alberto Jiménez-Díaz
Published in: Earth, Moon, and Planets, Issue 118/1, 2016, Page(s) 15-26, ISSN 0167-9295
Author(s): S. Aoki, Y. Sato, M. Giuranna, P. Wolkenberg, T.M. Sato, H. Nakagawa, Y. Kasaba
Published in: Icarus, Issue 302, 2018, Page(s) 175-190, ISSN 0019-1035
Published in: ISSN 0004-6361
Author(s): Martina Klose, Bradley C. Jemmett-Smith, Henrik Kahanpää, Melinda Kahre, Peter Knippertz, Mark T. Lemmon, Stephen R. Lewis, Ralph D. Lorenz, Lynn D. V. Neakrase, Claire Newman, Manish R. Patel, Dennis Reiss, Aymeric Spiga, Patrick L. Whelley
Published in: Space Science Reviews, Issue 203/1-4, 2016, Page(s) 377-426, ISSN 0038-6308
Author(s): Lori Fenton, Dennis Reiss, Mark Lemmon, Béatrice Marticorena, Stephen Lewis, Bruce Cantor
Published in: Space Science Reviews, Issue 203/1-4, 2016, Page(s) 89-142, ISSN 0038-6308
Author(s): P. L. Read, J. Barstow, B. Charnay, S. Chelvaniththilan, P. G. J. Irwin, S. Knight, S. Lebonnois, S. R. Lewis, J. Mendonça, L. Montabone
Published in: Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, Issue 142/695, 2016, Page(s) 703-720, ISSN 0035-9009
Author(s): Ralph D. Lorenz, Matthew R. Balme, Zhaolin Gu, Henrik Kahanpää, Martina Klose, Michael V. Kurgansky, Manish R. Patel, Dennis Reiss, Angelo Pio Rossi, Aymeric Spiga, Tetsuya Takemi, Wei Wei
Published in: Space Science Reviews, Issue 203/1-4, 2016, Page(s) 5-37, ISSN 0038-6308
Author(s): Jim Murphy, Kathryn Steakley, Matt Balme, Gregoire Deprez, Francesca Esposito, Henrik Kahanpää, Mark Lemmon, Ralph Lorenz, Naomi Murdoch, Lynn Neakrase, Manish Patel, Patrick Whelley
Published in: Space Science Reviews, Issue 203/1-4, 2016, Page(s) 39-87, ISSN 0038-6308
Author(s): L. D. V. Neakrase, M. R. Balme, F. Esposito, T. Kelling, M. Klose, J. F. Kok, B. Marticorena, J. Merrison, M. Patel, G. Wurm
Published in: Space Science Reviews, Issue 203/1-4, 2016, Page(s) 347-376, ISSN 0038-6308
Author(s): M. Massé, S. J. Conway, J. Gargani, M. R. Patel, K. Pasquon, A. McEwen, S. Carpy, V. Chevrier, M. R. Balme, L. Ojha, M. Vincendon, F. Poulet, F. Costard, G. Jouannic
Published in: Nature Geoscience, Issue 9/6, 2016, Page(s) 425-428, ISSN 1752-0894
Author(s): J.-Y. Chaufray, R. V. Yelle, F. Gonzalez-Galindo, F. Forget, M. Lopez-Valverde, F. Leblanc, R. Modolo
Published in: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 2018, ISSN 2169-9380
Author(s): Matthew E. Sylvest, Susan J. Conway, Manish R. Patel, John C. Dixon, Adam Barnes
Published in: Geophysical Research Letters, Issue 43/24, 2016, Page(s) 12,363-12,370, ISSN 0094-8276
Author(s): Matthew E. Sylvest, John C. Dixon, Susan J. Conway, Manish R. Patel, Jim N. McElwaine, Axel Hagermann, Adam Barnes
Published in: Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 2018, Page(s) SP467.11, ISSN 0305-8719
Author(s): A. Piccialli, M. A. López-Valverde, A. Määttänen, F. González-Galindo, J. Audouard, F. Altieri, F. Forget, P. Drossart, B. Gondet, J. P. Bibring
Published in: Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, Issue 121/6, 2016, Page(s) 1066-1086, ISSN 2169-9097
Author(s): Clémence Herny, Susan J. Conway, Jan Raack, Sabrina Carpy, Tanguy Colleu-Banse, Manish R. Patel
Published in: Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 2018, Page(s) SP467.10, ISSN 0305-8719
Author(s): F. Montmessin, S. Ferron
Published in: Icarus, Issue 317, 2019, Page(s) 549-569, ISSN 0019-1035
Published in: ISSN 0149-0451
Author(s): Adam H. Stevens, Manish R. Patel, Stephen R. Lewis
Published in: Icarus, Issue 250, 2015, Page(s) 587-594, ISSN 0019-1035
Author(s): P L Read, S R Lewis, D P Mulholland
Published in: Reports on Progress in Physics, Issue 78/12, 2015, Page(s) 125901, ISSN 0034-4885
Author(s): James A. Holmes, Stephen R. Lewis, Manish R. Patel
Published in: Icarus, Issue 257, 2015, Page(s) 23-32, ISSN 0019-1035
Author(s): Fachreddin Tabataba-Vakili, Peter L. Read, Stephen R. Lewis, Luca Montabone, Tao Ruan, Yixiong Wang, Alexandru Valeanu, Roland M. B. Young
Published in: Geophysical Research Letters, Issue 42/20, 2015, Page(s) 8320-8327, ISSN 0094-8276
Author(s): A. Geminale, D. Grassi, F. Altieri, G. Serventi, C. Carli, F.G. Carrozzo, M. Sgavetti, R. Orosei, E. D’Aversa, G. Bellucci, A. Frigeri
Published in: Icarus, Issue 253, 2015, Page(s) 51-65, ISSN 0019-1035
Author(s): Lewis R. Dartnell, Tom Andre Nordheim, Manish R. Patel, Jonathon P. Mason, Andrew J. Coates, Geraint H. Jones
Published in: Icarus, Issue 257, 2015, Page(s) 396-405, ISSN 0019-1035