CORDIS - EU research results
CORDIS

Imaging the cosmic dawn and the first galaxies with 21cm and atomic line intensity mapping

Project description

Propelling astrophysics observation technology forward

The field of astrophysics has made remarkable progress in expanding its observational range, approaching a billion years after the Big Bang. While this is significant, it falls short of the critical period when galaxies and stars initially formed, leading to the ionisation and heating of the universe, known as the process of reionisation. The ERC-funded FirstDawn project aims to develop a comprehensive theoretical framework, complemented by the creation of three innovative 21-cm probes. These will enable astrophysicists to construct three-dimensional maps of the reionisation era. Overall, the project will unlock invaluable insights into the formation and evolution of galaxies and stars during this pivotal epoch. This has the potential to propel scientific understanding in astrophysics to unprecedented heights.

Objective

"Modern astrophysics has pushed the observational frontier to a time a billion years after the Big Bang. Lying beyond this frontier is the period when the first stars and galaxies formed, whose light heated and ionized the Universe in the process known as reionization. Understanding this ""epoch of reionization"" would fill in a key missing period in our picture of the history of the Universe. Existing observational techniques have scratched the surface, but new observational techniques are required to truly understand this early period of galaxy formation. My work will lay the theoretical foundations for three novel probes of this period - 21 cm tomography, the 21 cm global signal, and line intensity mapping - that would enable three dimensional maps of the epoch of reionization. If realized through challenging radio-frequency observations, these techniques would transform our understanding of the first galaxies.

Through this ERC starting grant, I will build the theoretical framework needed to predict and interpret observations of line emission from gas in and surrounding the first generation of galaxies. My team will aim to develop models of the interplay between radiation from the first galaxies and the heating, ionization, and illumination of hydrogen gas that lies in the space between galaxies. At the same time, we will build models of the formation and properties of the atomic and molecular gas that fills the space inside galaxies. By combining probes of this ""inner"" and ""outer"" space a complete nature of galaxy formation during the first billion years might be achieved. Analysis of sky averaged 21 cm observations will complement this with a broad overview of galaxies back to a few hundred million years after the big bang. This work will provide a clear theoretical road map to guide the design of next generation radio telescopes, such as the Square Kilometer Array, to achieve this ambitious goal."

Host institution

IMPERIAL COLLEGE OF SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY AND MEDICINE
Net EU contribution
€ 1 495 220,00
Address
SOUTH KENSINGTON CAMPUS EXHIBITION ROAD
SW7 2AZ LONDON
United Kingdom

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Region
London Inner London — West Westminster
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Links
Total cost
€ 1 495 220,00

Beneficiaries (1)