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Brachiopods As SEnsitive tracers of gLobal marINe Environment: Insights from alkaline, alkaline Earth metal, and metalloid trace element ratios and isotope systems

Deliverables

Consortium Agreement

Formal agreement of all partners on network arrangements and activities

1st Workshop “BASE-LiNE Earth” getting started: “What do we know about the ocean water history?”; TM 1&2

The first task of this kickoff meeting is to set the scientific stage for BASELiNE Earth through introductory lectures on all its WP goals ESRs supervisors and all scientists involved in BASELiNE Earth will participate in a comprehensive discussion on modeling and prediction of modern and future ocean and climate conditions and the role of past climate conditions and carbonates diagenesis for hydrocarbon exploration Participants will gain knowledge on box modeling and quantitative approaches to data handling This activity involving world experts in the field ensures comparison of emerging and established data A keynote lecture on The Present Knowledge of Phanerozoic Seawater Evolution will be given by invited scientist Prof Adina Paytan from the University Santa Cruz CA USA Mrs Paytan is an expert in the field of trace metal cycling and is involved in various policymaking bodies In addition to workshops and oral presentations there will be presentations and demonstrations of trace metal and isotope measurements at the GEOMAR massspectrometer facilitiesInvolvement of the nonacademic partners in the 1st workshop will follow the guidelines as outlined in section Role of the nonacademic in the training programme and in the annex Complementary courses concerning Getting started with the PhD Setting Compass as well as a course in Good Scientific Practice Norms and values will be held for all ESRs The meeting will be held at the GEOMAR organized by A Eisenhauer and will benefit from conference rooms of various sizes which are equipped with all necessary technical facilities

4th Workshop “BASE-LiNE Earth” – Synthesis and Perspectives; TM 7&8

This workshop will emphasize integrating the results from all disciplines and identifying major scientific advances made in “BASE-LiNE Earth”. This cross-disciplinary exercise will be conducted by oral and poster presentation sessions, working groups and a global synthesis initiative. ESRs will have the opportunity to place their results in a wider scientific and societal context, interacting with leaders from industry, media and politics. Training modules offered subsequent to this workshop will further prepare ESRs for a life after their PhD. The meeting will be held at LMU, Munich, DK (organized by E. Grieshaber), and will benefit from conference rooms of various sizes which are equipped with all necessary technical facilities.

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The entire recruitment process will follow the principles as outlined in the Code of Conduct for the recruitment of researchers The whole procedure will be controlled by the SC and the RTleaders in order to guarantee an efficient transparent and comparable procedure across the consortium partners Equal opportunity policy regarding gender disability and ethnic or social origin will be applied In order to follow the approach to strengthen the role of women in science the application of females for an ESR position will be encouragedIn responsibility of the coordinator and the SC within the first project months the network will publish the BASELiNE Earth concept and objectives in joint advertisements and announcements in the worldwide web and in print media The media selected will focus on disciplinary target groups Thus in addition to BASELiNE Earths own website targeted websites include those of the beneficiaries and partners existing networks and job advertisement platforms eg earthworksjobcom EURAXESS httpwwwfindaphdcom httpwwwjobsacuk The position announcement will indicate i the BASELiNE Earth in general and job contribution to the general objective ii the training units such as workshops iii the available secondments iv the Horizon 2020 rules for being accepted as an ESRThe network envisages recruitment of the fellows within the first five to nine months Ideally all ESRs will start simultaneously for scientific reasons even more important for the formation of a joint ESR network team Announcements in print media will include one article in an appropriate scientific journal eg Elements Science and Nature To further increase the visibility of the network BASELiNE Earth will be presented at the EGU summer meetings AGU fall meetings and probably the annual Goldschmidt conferences The network will promote the fellowships also at cooperating institutions of the partners within Europe eg BONUS network and worldwide eg collaborating institutions of the TRIONProject the Ocean University of China Qingdao Zhejiang University Hangzhou China and others If this proves to be insufficient or the start of the training programme is likely to be delayed in month 5 the SC will identify lack of progress and initiate more vigorous recruitment activities such as direct mailing and presentations at the institutions headhunting and forthcoming international conferences As soon as a considerable number of applications has been collected Month 19 the SC and the RTleaders will choose suitable candidates for each ESR position with special emphasis on female applicants The final decision is then up to SC in agreement with the RTleaders and ESR supervisors and cosupervisors of the individual ESR

2nd Workshop ”From the Phanerozoic Base Line to New Frontiers in Earth’s History”; TM 3&4

A special emphasis of this workshop will be on carbonate diagenesis and the extraction of original information This meeting will also give ESRs a synthesis of the methodological aspects that will be common to their research such as modern mineralogical methods using secondary electron microscopy XRD and XRFA Besides the analytical training statistical methods for data reduction and proxy calibration will be taught The keynote lecture on Reconstruction of past trace element and isotope cycling Diagenesis and the Extracting of Significant Proxy Information will be given by Prof Adrian Immenhauser an expert in the field of carbonate mineralogy and diagenesis from the University of Bochum Germany The interdisciplinary integration of individual projects with intensive working groups will be a focus of the workshop Subsequent to the meeting complementary courses will be offered in gender and communication issues Involvement of the nonacademic partners will follow the guidelines as outlined in section Role of the nonacademic in the training programme and in the annex The meeting will be held at CULS Prague CZ organized by J Farka and will benefit from conference rooms of various sizes which are equipped with all necessary technical facilitiesSpecial session on BASELiNE Earth new insights into ocean water history from novel proxies and techniques at the 2018 European Geophysical Union Meeting EGUAn open scientific session for the BASELiNE Earth at the annual EGU meeting will be organized by the coordinator and the WPleaders All ESRs will be encouraged to present a scientific talk for which there will be advance preparation in scientific presentation techniques The session will be attended by network scientists as well as the global scientific community in this field The purpose will be twofold i provide individual ESRs exposure and recognition among their scientific peers and ii presenting of BASELiNE Earth to an expert audience for synthesis and exploitation of the ESRs results

3rd Workshop “Turning back the past – New views from Proxies for early earth history and evolution of life on Earth”; TM 5&6

In the final year the annual network activity will emphasize integrating the results from all disciplines and identifying major scientific advances made in the network This crossdisciplinary exercise will be conducted by oral and poster presentations working groups and a network wide synthesis initiative Dedicated fullday training will focus on transferable and professional skills needed by future research leaders in issues related to science policy industry and the media which will include the nonacademic partners and invited experts Prof Jess Adkins or expert with similar expertise from the CALTECH a renowned expert in geochemistry and marine geology will be approached to provide an insight to future developments and new research fields in biogeochemistry and thus give a global perspective on the novel results achieved by BASELiNE Earth Involvement of the nonacademic partners in the 3rd workshop will follow the guidelines as outlined in section Role of the nonacademic in the training programme and in the annex The meeting will be held at UCPH Prague DK organized by R Frei and will benefit from conference rooms of various sizes which are equipped with all necessary technical facilities

“BASE-LiNE Earth” website is online

BASELiNE Earth website is online

Teaching unit online

Public website to provide comprehensive platform presenting “BASE-LiNE Earth” contents, including three teaching units free to download for high schools indicating basic science knowledge with audience appropriate graphics (e.g. geochemical cycles, introduction to isotope geochemistry and techniques, oil and gas reservoir formation)

Touring exhibition

A touring exhibition on “BASE-LiNE Earth”, which will be coordinated by SM in cooperation with all consortium members as part of an outreach programme for children and interested adults.

Ethics

if applicable

Outreach documentary: Memories of a shell – what a fossil can tell

A documentary on Memories of a shell what fossils can tell telling earths history via past biochemical cycles The documentary will available for all BASELiNE Earth members and hosted by network partner eg SM and also by museums affiliated with partner organisations LMU with the Paleontological Museum in Munich CULS and CGS with Nrodn Muzeum Prague

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Publications

Variation in brachiopod microstructure and isotope geochemistry under low-pH–ocean acidification conditions

Author(s): Facheng Ye, Hana Jurikova, Lucia Angiolini, Uwe Brand, Gaia Crippa, Daniela Henkel, Jürgen Laudien, Claas Hiebenthal, Danijela Šmajgl
Published in: Biogeosciences, 16/2, 2019, Page(s) 617-642, ISSN 1726-4189
Publisher: European Geosciences Union
DOI: 10.5194/bg-16-617-2019

Microstructural data of six recent brachiopod species: SEM, EBSD, morphometric and statistical analyses

Author(s): Facheng Ye, Gaia Crippa, Claudio Garbelli, Erika Griesshaber
Published in: Data in Brief, 18, 2018, Page(s) 300-318, ISSN 2352-3409
Publisher: Elsevier BV
DOI: 10.1016/j.dib.2018.02.071

Archival biogenic micro- and nanostructure data analysis: Signatures of diagenetic systems

Author(s): Laura A. Casella, María del Mar Simonet Roda, Lucia Angiolini, Andreas Ziegler, Wolfgang W. Schmahl, Uwe Brand, Erika Griesshaber
Published in: Data in Brief, 19, 2018, Page(s) 299-311, ISSN 2352-3409
Publisher: Elsevier BV
DOI: 10.1016/j.dib.2018.05.041

Assessing kinetic fractionation in brachiopod calcite using clumped isotopes

Author(s): David Bajnai, Jens Fiebig, Adam Tomašových, Sara Milner Garcia, Claire Rollion-Bard, Jacek Raddatz, Niklas Löffler, Cristina Primo-Ramos, Uwe Brand
Published in: Scientific Reports, 8/1, 2018, Page(s) 533, ISSN 2045-2322
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-17353-7

Mapping of recent brachiopod microstructure: A tool for environmental studies

Author(s): Facheng Ye, Gaia Crippa, Lucia Angiolini, Uwe Brand, GianCarlo Capitani, Maggie Cusack, Claudio Garbelli, Erika Griesshaber, Elizabeth Harper, Wolfgang Schmahl
Published in: Journal of Structural Biology, 201/3, 2018, Page(s) 221-236, ISSN 1047-8477
Publisher: Academic Press
DOI: 10.1016/j.jsb.2017.11.011

Mg Isotope Interlaboratory Comparison of Reference Materials from Earth-Surface Low-Temperature Environments

Author(s): Netta Shalev, Juraj Farkaš, Jan Fietzke, Martin Novák, Jan A. Schuessler, Philip A.E. Pogge von Strandmann, Philip B. Törber
Published in: Geostandards and Geoanalytical Research, 42/2, 2018, Page(s) 205-221, ISSN 1639-4488
Publisher: Association Scientifique pour la Geologie et ses Applications
DOI: 10.1111/ggr.12208

Boron isotope systematics of cultured brachiopods: Response to acidification, vital effects and implications for palaeo-pH reconstruction

Author(s): Hana Jurikova, Volker Liebetrau, Marcus Gutjahr, Claire Rollion-Bard, Marian Y. Hu, Stefan Krause, Daniela Henkel, Claas Hiebenthal, Mark Schmidt, Jürgen Laudien, Anton Eisenhauer
Published in: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 248, 2019, Page(s) 370-386, ISSN 0016-7037
Publisher: Pergamon Press Ltd.
DOI: 10.1016/j.gca.2019.01.015

Boron isotope composition of the cold-water coral Lophelia pertusa along the Norwegian margin: Zooming into a potential pH-proxy by combining bulk and high-resolution approaches

Author(s): Hana Jurikova, Volker Liebetrau, Jacek Raddatz, Jan Fietzke, Julie Trotter, Alexander Rocholl, Stefan Krause, Malcom McCulloch, Andres Rüggeberg, Anton Eisenhauer
Published in: Chemical Geology, 2019, ISSN 0009-2541
Publisher: Elsevier BV
DOI: 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2019.01.005

Micro- and nanostructures reflect the degree of diagenetic alteration in modern and fossil brachiopod shell calcite: A multi-analytical screening approach (CL, FE-SEM, AFM, EBSD)

Author(s): L.A. Casella, E. Griesshaber, M. Simonet Roda, A. Ziegler, V. Mavromatis, D. Henkel, J. Laudien, V. Häussermann, R.D. Neuser, L. Angiolini, M. Dietzel, A. Eisenhauer, A. Immenhauser, U. Brand, W.W. Schmahl
Published in: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 502, 2018, Page(s) 13-30, ISSN 0031-0182
Publisher: Elsevier BV
DOI: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2018.03.011

A sampling strategy for recent and fossil brachiopods: selecting the optimal shell segment for geochemical analyses

Author(s): Romanin M., Crippa G., Ye F., Brand U., Bitner M.A., Gaspard D., Häussermann V. & Laudien J.
Published in: Rivista Italiana di Paleontologica e Stratigrafia, 124, 2018, Page(s) 343-359, ISSN 2039-4942
Publisher: Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia (Research In Paleontology and Stratigraphy)
DOI: 10.13130/2039-4942/10193

Calcite fibre formation in modern brachiopod shells

Author(s): Maria Simonet Roda, Erika Griesshaber, Andreas Ziegler, Ulrich Rupp, Xiaofei Yin, Daniela Henkel, Vreni Häussermann, Jürgen Laudien, Uwe Brand, Anton Eisenhauer, Antonio G. Checa, Wolfgang W. Schmahl
Published in: Scientific Reports, 9/1, 2019, Page(s) 598, ISSN 2045-2322
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-36959-z

Oxygen isotope fractionation during smithsonite formation from aqueous solutions

Author(s): A. Füger, M. Méheut, V. Mavromatis, A. Leis, M. Dietzel
Published in: Chemical Geology, 495, 2018, Page(s) 76-89, ISSN 0009-2541
Publisher: Elsevier BV
DOI: 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2018.08.005

Effect of growth rate and pH on lithium incorporation in calcite

Author(s): A. Füger, F. Konrad, A. Leis, M. Dietzel, V. Mavromatis
Published in: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 248, 2019, Page(s) 14-24, ISSN 0016-7037
Publisher: Pergamon Press Ltd.
DOI: 10.1016/j.gca.2018.12.040

Clumped isotope record of salinity variations in the Subboreal Province at the Middle–Late Jurassic transition

Author(s): Hubert Wierzbowski, David Bajnai, Ulrike Wacker, Mikhail A. Rogov, Jens Fiebig, Ekaterina M. Tesakova
Published in: Global and Planetary Change, 167, 2018, Page(s) 172-189, ISSN 0921-8181
Publisher: Elsevier BV
DOI: 10.1016/j.gloplacha.2018.05.014

Kapcsolt izotópok (clumped isotopes) a földtudományi kutatásokban

Author(s): Sándor Kele, Dávid Bajnai
Published in: Földtani Közlöny, 147/2, 2017, Page(s) 177, ISSN 0015-542X
Publisher: Magyarhoni Foldtani Tarsulat
DOI: 10.23928/foldt.kozl.2017.147.2.177

Terebratulide brachiopod shell biomineralization by mantle epithelial cells

Author(s): M. Simonet Roda, A. Ziegler, E. Griesshaber, X. Yin, U. Rupp, M. Greiner, D. Henkel, V. Häussermann, A. Eisenhauer, J. Laudien, W.W. Schmahl
Published in: Journal of Structural Biology, 2019, ISSN 1047-8477
Publisher: Academic Press
DOI: 10.1016/j.jsb.2019.05.002

Assessing ocean acidification and carbon cycle perturbations during the end-Permian extinction using boron isotopes

Author(s): Jurikova, Hana; Gutjahr, Marcus; Liebetrau, Volker; Flögel, Sascha; Wallmann, Klaus; Eisenhauer, Anton; Posenato, Renato; Angiolini, Lucia; Garbelli, Claudio; Brand, Uwe
Published in: Permophiles, 65 . p. 15., 1, 2017, Page(s) 15, ISSN 1684-5927
Publisher: Permophiles International Commission on Stratigraphy.