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Smart Grids Energy management Staff

Periodic Reporting for period 2 - SMART GEMS (Smart Grids Energy management Staff)

Reporting period: 2017-09-01 to 2020-02-29

Smart grid is a dynamically interactive real-time infrastructure concept that encompasses the many visions of diverse energy system stakeholders. The Smart Grid is integrating the electrical and information technologies in between any point of generation and any point of consumption. The main objective of the project is to fully analyze all aspects of smart grids targeting in the improvement of reliability, mitigation of security risks, increase load shaping and energy efficiency, optimal integration and generation-consumption matching as well as smart monitoring and control.To this end, the aim of the SMART GEMS project is to use Smart Grids’ optimization and reliable operation concept as the common basis for collaboration and staff exchange among the partners.The overall effort will be based in two existing smart grid infrastructures owned by Technical University of Crete and AEA of Loccioni Group and is designed to exploit the complementary expertise of the participants as well as enhance and create more synergies. Moreover the infrastructure of all partners will be available for the project’s goals. In this framework, SMART-GEMS partners are selected to formulate a complementary group which encompasses all the major aspects of smart grids.During the SMART GEMS secondments, a mixture of research and training will be blended in a suitable proportion as to maximize the career perspectives of the researchers involved focusing on innovation skills related to smart grids and smart communities interdisciplinary aspects.The methodological approach is designed to enhance the researchers’ competitiveness and promote ideas sharing from research to market and vice versa.

Smart grids provide an excellent topic for knowledge sharing, creativity and entrepreneurship. The major aspects of smart grid interdisciplinary nature examined by SMART GEMS are:
Renewable Energy Sources Integration (PV, Concentrated PV, Small Hydroelectric, Concentrated Solar Thermal, Cogeneration, Geothermal)
Smart metering and interconnection with the electricity grid
Demand response and demand management
Smart buildings
Smart controls and optimisation
Integration and conflicts' management
Technology and innovation

Smart GEMS is based on a cycle expansion of three phases:
The first phase starts from the users (prosumers) aspects by focusing on smart and zero energy building analysis. In the second phase research activities are focused on the various smart grid components expanding the cycle by the smart grids' penetration at community level.
The third phase concerns the integration of all components targeting the development of smart applications for optimisation purposes.

In smart and zero building energy research activities, integrated energy design, advanced monitoring and control techniques and the role of zero energy buildings in smart grids are examined.
In smart communities and smart grids, research projects deal with the optimised operation of the smart grid by using prediction of energy loads, prediction of power generation and load shaping or shaving techniques using intelligent metering equipment by Elgama-Elektronika.
Optimisation of renewables operation with the aid of advanced demand side management and demand response optimisation methodologies based on two existing microgrid infrastructures owned by TUC (Camp IT) and AEA of Loccioni Group (Smart Leaf community) is performed.
Technologies such as Concentrated Solar Power and Concentrated Photovoltaic systems (CSP/CPV) by IDEA and integration in polygenerative energy districts is evaluated from technical, environmental and financial perspectives.

The effective management of smart grids and innovations in the successful integration of components but also in processes, services and systems is systematically pursued. The outcomes of this research support inclusion, transparency and efficiency of operations in the energy market and at the same time promote sustainability in energy consumption for industrial, residential and tertiary sectors and the optimal use of natural resources.
The following is a list of various issues describing the work performed in the Smart GEMS project so far:

Phase 1: Smart and Zero Energy Buildings

Integrated Design (ID) towards smart/zero energy buildings and smart grids
- ID process principles and guidelines
- Scope of services
- Remuneration models
- Application of evaluation tools
- Sustainability certification
- Consultancy and quality assurance
- Measurement of design quality criteria
- Defining client's brief
- Defining tenant's brief
- Case studies
- Conclusions

Smart buildings and smart grids: Operational phase
- Smart buildings operational phase for Smart Grids
- Towards Zero Energy Buildings: Operational Phase
- Industrial, Residential, Tertiary sector cases analysis
- The Leaf Lab (Industrial)
- Leaf House (Residential)
- Novel Technologies Laboratory (Tertiary)
- ARCA consortium facilities & Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) system
- Performance evaluation in smart buildings and smart grids
- Conclusions

Zero energy buildings and integration with smart grids: Components, systems servises & controls
- Smart metering in Zero Energy Buildings and Smart Grids
- Objective and subjective evaluation of thermal comfort
- Smart monitoring and Users engagement
- Advanced control techniques in smart / zero energy buildings
- Integration of smart buildings in smart grids via Demand response

Phase 2: Smart Communities and Smart Grids

Optimised renewables' operation for smart grids: Monitoring and control strategies
- Sizing, positioning and effective operation of Renewable Energy Sources for Smart Grids
- Effective communication of the Renewables operation with the smart grids
- Improvements via advanced control and monitoring protocols

Cost benefit analysis for polygeneration and CSP/CPV for smart communities: Infrastructure & connectivity
- Polygeneration technologies
- Application of CSP/CPV for smart grids
- Community level polygeneration
- Energy management for polygeneration
- Role of multi-agents and IT in smart grids

Energy management in Smart Communities
- Optimised performance and control
- Algorithms for energy management, asset management and exploitation of smart meters
- Data mining techniques
- Energy predictions
- Advanced modelling methodologies for district and community levels
The following key issues related to energy consumption in buildings, districts and microgrids have been investigated based on scientifically beyond state of the art robust methodologies based on real scale applications :
- Users behaviour, engagement and thermal comfort
- Demand response mechanisms, applications and controls
- Solar thermal concentrating technologies and high concentration PVs at building / district level
- Smart meters and interoperability in advanced smart grid operating conditions
- Smart monitoring platforms and data exploitation
- Advanced energy management in smart communities integrating multiple distributed energy resources i.e. microhydro, PV, geothermal, thermal storage, electrical storage, electric vehicles.