Periodic Reporting for period 4 - Eurasia3angle (Millet and beans, language and genes. The origin and dispersal of the Transeurasian family.)
Reporting period: 2020-03-01 to 2021-02-28
In the archaeological part of the project , we used a wide-ranging archaeological database of 255 Neolithic and Bronze Age sites from northern China, the Primorye, Korea and Japan and and compiled an inventory of early cereal remains with direct radiocarbon dates.
In the genetic part of our project , we combined genomic analyses of newly-sampled individuals from the Amur, Korea, Kyushu and the Ryukyus with published genomes covering North and East Asia between 9500 and 300 BP.
Integrating our linguistic, archaeological and genetic findings, we showed that the Transeurasian languages can be traced back to the beginning of millet cultivation and the early Amur gene pool in Neolithic Northeast Asia. The primary dispersals of the Transeurasian languages were thus driven by agriculture.