Periodic Reporting for period 2 - CHARISMA (Converged Heterogeneous Advanced 5G Cloud-RAN Architecture for Intelligent and Secure Media Access)
Reporting period: 2016-07-01 to 2017-12-31
CHARISMA is looking to have an impact on the telecommunication market, which is a highly competitive environment that will suffer a drastic transformation with the implementation of 5G, leading to growth and impact not just on the telecom sector but also creating new business opportunities.Traditional network functionalities will be moved from the Central Exchange (CE) to other parts of the network. Virtualization will be present in most of the network elements. NFV will enable to use common hardware with ease of deployment, scalability and reduced costs to achieve required network elements functionalities. Additionally, NFV combined with SDN, will lead to a reduction of CAPEX and OPEX, and will optimize the operations and reduce the time to market for new actors. A new eco-system with new players alongside the traditional ones will arise. A huge amount of CAPEX will not be necessary in order to enter the market and most of the costs will be OPEX related. In this sense, Open Access is an essential feature of CHARISMA ecosystem as it opens the market to multiple operators who will control their set of virtual resources by the appropriate interfaces.
CHARISMA characteristics will lead also to the creation of new business innovation by involving vertical sectors such as Health, Factories of the Future, Energy, Automotive etc. that require low latency, high security and open access. For example, low latency will lead to new applications that require almost real time control and information flow (remote surgery, ITS/collision avoidance); Security will lead to new use cases regarding Factories of the Future such as internet based manufacturing and will lead closer towards Industry 4.0.; Open access provides the basis for multi-tenancy. The different topics that will be researched regarding the business perspectives of CHARISMA among others include: new tariff and pricing models, charging mechanisms, demand forecasting for services. Finally, a detailed techno-economic analysis of the CHARISMA solution will be performed and guidelines will be extracted.
Regarding the physical layer, CHARISMA has developed a number of diverse and innovative hardware technologies, whose functionalities are key to enabling the low-latency, open access, and secure data transmission required in future 5G networking. These device elements include the TrustNode router for low-latency and secure routing; accelerated network interface card (SmartNIC); device-to-device (D2D) communications; offloading and hierarchical caching (MoBcache); mobile cloud; Ethernet fronthaul based on OFDM-PON and NG-PON2 technologies, for low latency, low cost and resilient RRH connectivities; and reliable low-latency backhaul providing open access connectivity between the RAN and the core network.
These CHARISMA network elements, are managed and controlled by a control, management and orchestration (CMO) platform, that implements two main features: multi-tenancy support through infrastructure slicing (open access) and virtual security management. Open access is used to create isolated slices over the CHARISMA physical infrastructure, while the CHARISMA V-Security allows Virtual Network Operators (VNOs) to customize the security policies and services they deploy in their virtual slice.
All these devices and the CMO have been integrated, tested and validated in three different pilots, that have served as demonstrators of selected 5G use cases.
All the CHARISMA partners, have concrete plans for exploiting the CHARISMA results, based on preliminary exploitation routes and on the matured foreground produced by the project. The solutions developed in CHARISMA have different maturity levels both from a development and business point of view: in fact, the TrustNode platform, SmartNIC and MobCache are pre-products with short time-to-market availability, while on the other hand, the CMO or OFDM-PON are prototypes which would need to undertake a product development phase in order to finalize the market positioning with a more business and marketing related approach.
CHARISMA characteristics will lead to the creation of new business innovation by involving vertical sectors such as Health, Factories of the Future, Energy, Automotive etc. that require low latency, high security and open access. For example, low latency will lead to new applications that require almost real-time control and information flow (remote surgery, ITS/collision avoidance); Security will lead to new use cases regarding Factories of the Future such as internet based manufacturing and will lead closer towards Industry 4.0.; Open access will allow the deployment of a single infrastructure that can be used by several service operators, these will lower the costs of entry and will allow an increased number of operators to provide their services.