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Electron quantum optics in Graphene

Objective

Quantum computing is based on the manipulation of quantum bits (qubits) to enhance the efficiency of information processing. In solid-state systems, two approaches have been explored:

• static qubits, coupled to quantum buses used for manipulation and information transmission,
• flying qubits which are mobile qubits propagating in quantum circuits for further manipulation.

Flying qubits research led to the recent emergence of the field of electron quantum optics, where electrons play the role of photons in quantum optic like experiments. This has recently led to the development of electronic quantum interferometry as well as single electron sources. As of yet, such experiments have only been successfully implemented in semi-conductor heterostructures cooled at extremely low temperatures. Realizing electron quantum optics experiments in graphene, an inexpensive material showing a high degree of quantum coherence even at moderately low temperatures, would be a strong evidence that quantum computing in graphene is within reach.
One of the most elementary building blocks necessary to perform electron quantum optics experiments is the electron beam splitter, which is the electronic analog of a beam splitter for light. However, the usual scheme for electron beam splitters in semi-conductor heterostructures is not available in graphene because of its gapless band structure. I propose a breakthrough in this direction where pn junction plays the role of electron beam splitter. This will lead to the following achievements considered as important steps towards quantum computing:

• electronic Mach Zehnder interferometry used to study the quantum coherence properties of graphene,
• two electrons Aharonov Bohm interferometry used to generate entangled states as an elementary quantum gate,
• the implementation of on-demand electronic sources in the GHz range for graphene flying qubits.

Field of science

  • /engineering and technology/electrical engineering, electronic engineering, information engineering/electronic engineering/computer hardware/quantum computer
  • /natural sciences/physical sciences/optics
  • /natural sciences/physical sciences/electromagnetism and electronics/electrical conductivity/semiconductor
  • /natural sciences/physical sciences/quantum physics/quantum optics
  • /engineering and technology/nanotechnology/nano-materials/two-dimensional nanostructures/graphene
  • /natural sciences/computer and information sciences/data science/data processing

Call for proposal

ERC-2015-STG
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

ERC-STG - Starting Grant

Host institution

COMMISSARIAT A L ENERGIE ATOMIQUE ET AUX ENERGIES ALTERNATIVES
Address
Rue Leblanc 25
75015 Paris 15
France
Activity type
Research Organisations
EU contribution
€ 1 500 000

Beneficiaries (1)

COMMISSARIAT A L ENERGIE ATOMIQUE ET AUX ENERGIES ALTERNATIVES
France
EU contribution
€ 1 500 000
Address
Rue Leblanc 25
75015 Paris 15
Activity type
Research Organisations