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lOw Power heterogeneous architecture for nExt generation of smaRt infrastructure and platforms in industrial and societal Applications

Deliverables

Energy and performance curves for the different workloads – intermediate report

Report on modeling and estimation of energy consumption and performance (in terms of meeting QoS requirements). Development of a set of representative benchmarks, according to the use-cases (urban, virtual desktops, truck).

Exploitation plan - preliminary report 1

Definition of an exploitation plan related to all the activities of the OPERA project focused on the improvement of aspects that can improve the exploitation of project results and first report on the application of the plan.

Report on tested innovative models, methods and algorithm

The deliverable will report the final results of the power analysis using both estimations and laboratory tests that will be implemented in order to identify the system power consumption in different scenarios.

FPGA design implementation

Report on designing hardware (schematic, layout and firmware) to integrate FPGA components into Moonshot with the support fomr HP.

Business plan - preliminary report 2

Second report related to the projects business plans. Market Segmentation from a business analysis, methodology to identify relevant market segments and the uniqueness of the OPERA supported value propositions that can be offered to various stakeholders.

Report Optical Interconnect Energy Efficiency

Report related to the minimization latency between compute nodes by using the CAPI protocol, which is a cache-coherency protocol over PCIe for improving the state of the art by replacing Ethernet

FPGA and low power server integration on Small Form factor data Center

Report on the integration of the FPGA as a prototype of a specialized interconnect. The interconnect will connect machines of different ISA's (Moonshot x86 or ARM and POWER8) to be used to move memory between the machines during process migration. The document will report on the protocol used between the cards, required software changes, and overall performance.

Innovation Potential of OPERA platform 3

Third report for an improvement of the depth analysis on innovation potential of the OPERA Platform regarding how OPERA: - can contribute to strengthen European competitiveness in the key parts of the emerging computing value chain. -An analysis of the position of OPERA solution in low-power computing in traditional and new market segments will be performed. - how the outcomes of the project can increase the adoption of form-factor data-centres and heterogeneous highly parallel computing systems in Europe. - Study of different scenarios for a range of plausible future expansions, use cases and innovative services enabled by OPERA.

Meeting minutes 1

First report to inform attendees and non-attendees of the happenings during the meeting.

Dissemination - report 2

Second report on dissemination activities and results

Dissemination plan

Report related to the coordination the strategies for communication and dissemination, goals determination and available resources, identification of relevant stakeholders (based on the stakeholder mapping exercise), key messages and a mix of communication channels

Traffic monitoring Use case 2

Second report related to integration of activities from WP3, WP4, WP5 and WP6 related to the traffic monitoring validation context leaded by LD38 (Test site in Region Isère).

ULP software integration – final release

Report on development design software components on the system, harmonizing them with the integrated platform. This last report will describe the final software release of the ULP platform

Power-aware Cloud Model and Management – intermediate report

Report on investigation for a comparation to use a more efficient use of cloud services or traditional model on cloud computing power-aware Cloud Model. Simulation of applications will be performed for comparing different models.

Traffic monitoring Use case 1

First report related to integration of activities from WP3, WP4, WP5 and WP6 related to the traffic monitoring validation context leaded by LD38 (Test site in Region Isère).

Communication Strategy - report 3

Second report on the actual status of the execution of the communication strategy defined in D8.1 and report on modifications to the communication plan if any.

FPGA and low power server integration on Small Form factor data Center - final report

Final report on functional communication between Moonshot Low Power Server and FPGA device for moving workload on the most efficient micro-architecture. Demonstration of an optimized off-loading of MICMAC software on to the FPGA and the ARM SoC attached to it. Possibility to leverage more than 1 FPGA board from the same Moonshot server to increase to compute capability and reduce the time required to render the output picture.

Report Optical Interconnect Energy Efficiency - intermediate release

Intermediate report related to the minimization latency between compute nodes by using the CAPI protocol, which is a cache-coherency protocol over PCIe for improving the state of the art by replacing Ethernet

Report on energy efficiency metrics

Report on alternative energy efficiency models and methods analysis, description related to concepts and products of OPERA in mind.

ULP software integration

Report on development design software components on the system, harmonizing them with the integrated platform.

Resources utilization and allocation – intermediate report

Report on Adapting physical resource utilization according to load patterns for saving substantial energy. Development on an energy efficiency module for cloud computing datacenter that allocate cloud instances to the most appropriate resources.

FPGA and Low Power server Specifications

Report on specification of the Moonshot-compatible FPGA accelerator according to the use cases selected in Opera project

Communication Strategy - report 2

Report on the actual status of the execution of the communication strategy defined in D8.1 and report on modifications to the communication plan if any.

Innovation Potential of OPERA platform 1

First of four reportfor a depth analysis on innovation potential of the OPERA Platform regarding how OPERA: - can contribute to strengthen European competitiveness in the key parts of the emerging computing value chain. -An analysis of the position of OPERA solution in low-power computing in traditional and new market segments will be performed. - how the outcomes of the project can increase the adoption of form-factor data-centres and heterogeneous highly parallel computing systems in Europe. - Study of different scenarios for a range of plausible future expansions, use cases and innovative services enabled by OPERA.

Meeting minutes 3

Third report to inform attendees and non-attendees of the happenings during the meeting.

Meeting minutes 2

Second report to inform attendees and non-attendees of the happenings during the meeting.

Workload characterisation – intermediate report

Report on improving energy efficiency of a cloud computing datacenter related to the characterization of the workloads.

ULP hardware integration

Report on how apply requirements and components defined in the Task 3.1 in a real Platform for integration and test.

Dissemination - report 1

first report on dissemination activities and results

Exploitation plan

Report from ST industrial partner (coordinator) related to the acceleratation of the exploitation of the results of OPERA. The OPERA Consortium will use its channels and existing networks of collaboration to ensure a wide dissemination of the project's activities and results in term of exploitation and impact.

Report on tested innovative models, methods and algorithm – intermediate release

The deliverable will report the intermediate results of the power analysis using both estimations and laboratory tests that will be implemented in order to identify the system power consumption in different scenarios.

Truck use case 1

First report for ensure the correct integration of activities from WP4, WP5, WP6 related to Truck use case validation. CSI will be in charge to the deployment on test site from Civil Protection and will ensure relevant performances and power consumption analysis

Overall architecture and interconnections 2

Final report regarding analysis and harmonisation of hardware, software, services, standards, systems, tools and platforms used in the OPERA Platform. This report is the final step in the OPERA architectural design and implementation.

Virtual Desktop use case 1

"First report for ensuring the correct integration of activities from WP4, WP5, WP6 related to Virtual Desktop validation aimed to validate ""Scalable Small form Factor Data Center"". CSI will be in charge to the deployment on test site"

Lesson Learned and Track Changes 3

Final report on lesson learned form requirements, prototype cycle, and validation on Real life workload. Each work packages will be analyzed for reporting their Lessons Learned with all relevant technical knowledge, additional requirements gained in the course of the project

Overall architecture and interconnections 1

First report regarding analysis and harmonisation of hardware, software, services, standards, systems, tools and platforms to be used in the OPERA platform in order to draft a first rough schema of the overall architecture and its interconnections. This report is a first step in the architectural design and a baseline for agile further improvements in the projects.

Analyses of the energy efficiency

Report on final convergence to real live situations energy efficiency analysis on chosen methos and models for energy efficiency monitoring.

Dissemination - final report

Final report on dissemination activities and results

Virtual Desktop use case 2

"Second report for ensuring the correct integration of activities from WP4, WP5, WP6 related to Virtual Desktop validation aimed to validate ""Scalable Small form Factor Data Center"". CSI will be in charge to the deployment on test site"

Whitepaper demonstrating the RedFish technique for system management and monitoring of the integrated platform using the actual MICMAC “Datacentre in a Truck” use case

For any compute-intensive platform, it is highly desirable, indeed necessary, to use an accurate and scalable method for measuring energy-efficiency. FPGA technology is now a disruptive technology within the High Performance Computing market. Intel’s acquisition of FPGA vendor Altera during December 2015 signalled that FPGA technology will play a significant part of the future computing landscape. Today, there is no industry-standard method of measuring the energy-efficiency of the FPGA-based platforms. Each FPGA card provider has their own, proprietary, vendor-specific method. A new, open standard is emerging within the HPC market for traditional x86-based server platforms that has the potential to also be used for FPGAs. This standard is called “RedFish”. Thid report will describe how “RedFish” has been used to measure the energy efficiency of the MICMAC application port to the Opera FPGA/Moonshot system.

Innovation Potential of OPERA platform 4

Fourth report for an improvement of the depth analysis on innovation potential of the OPERA Platform regarding how OPERA: - can contribute to strengthen European competitiveness in the key parts of the emerging computing value chain. -An analysis of the position of OPERA solution in low-power computing in traditional and new market segments will be performed. - how the outcomes of the project can increase the adoption of form-factor data-centres and heterogeneous highly parallel computing systems in Europe. - Study of different scenarios for a range of plausible future expansions, use cases and innovative services enabled by OPERA.

Business plan

Report related to the projects business plans. Market Segmentation from a business analysis, methodology to identify relevant market segments and the uniqueness of the OPERA supported value propositions that can be offered to various stakeholders.

FPGA integration on Low Power Server

Report on integration and testing the FPGA accelerator hardware into the existing Moonshot low power servers. The goal is to demonstrate Moonshot + FPGA configuration is functionally working with regulated power and cooling.

Communication Strategy - final report

Final report on the execution of the communication strategy defined in D8.1 and report on the results of such strategy.

FPGA integration on Low Power Server – final release

Final report on integration and testing the FPGA accelerator hardware into the existing Moonshot low power servers. This final report will describe the complete RedFish integration in-between Moonshot and FPGA to provide a full monitoring from a management stack.

RF prototype

Based on the input coming from WP2 and Task 3.1, the report will on the radio frequency module designed and implemention, in order to obtain an ultra-low power architecture.

Cloud software interface – intermediate report

Report on investigate and implementation of a software interface between the IBM middleware and a cloud computing manager.

Power-aware Cloud Model – final report

Final report on investigation for a comparation to use a more efficient use of cloud services or traditional model on cloud computing power-aware Cloud Model. Simulation of applications will be performed for comparing different models.

Truck use case 2

Second report related to the correct integration of activities from WP4, WP5, WP6 related to Truck use case validation. CSI will be in charge to the deployment on test site from Civil Protection and will ensure relevant performances and power consumption analysis

Communication Strategy

Report on related to the definition of the project’s communication strategy, set up an effective communication plan (documented in D8.1). Execution of the the plan on behalf of the consortium. Project website set up.

Innovation Potential of OPERA platform 2

Second report for an improvement of the depth analysis on innovation potential of the OPERA Platform regarding how OPERA: - can contribute to strengthen European competitiveness in the key parts of the emerging computing value chain. -An analysis of the position of OPERA solution in low-power computing in traditional and new market segments will be performed. - how the outcomes of the project can increase the adoption of form-factor data-centres and heterogeneous highly parallel computing systems in Europe. - Study of different scenarios for a range of plausible future expansions, use cases and innovative services enabled by OPERA.

Business plan - preliminary report 1

FIrst intermediate report related to the projects business plans. Market Segmentation from a business analysis, methodology to identify relevant market segments and the uniqueness of the OPERA supported value propositions that can be offered to various stakeholders.

Exploitation plan - preliminary report 2

Report on the status of application of exploitation plan on the OPERA project and report on possible exploitation outcome at the time of document release.

Meeting minutes 4

Fourth report to inform attendees and non-attendees of the happenings during the meeting.

Use cases and Requirements 1

First Report on: OPERA’s requirement across different domains coming from stakeholders of the project and regarding both technological, energy and innovation aspects covering: · Technologies involved: hardware and software, platforms, protocols and interconnections between internal modules, power management frameworks, virtualization and cloud computing, security and interoperability, etc.; · Application scenarios: specific use cases, extension to more generic scenarios, pilot applications, real life workloads and impacts, etc.; · Energy efficiency: 2013 state of the art on server’s consumption, ultra-low power systems, cloud computing workload management, power managements, energy metrics, etc. · Relation with other initiatives: EU roadmaps, advanced computing challenges, improvements in energy efficiency.

ULP hardware integration – second release

Second report on the integration of hardware components of the ULP platform, applying the requirements and components defined in the Task 3.1. The report will include the demonstration of the available prototypes at the time the deliverable will be released.

Traffic monitoring Use case 3

Demonstration integration of activities from WP3, WP4, WP5 and WP6 related to the traffic monitoring validation context leaded by LD38 (Test site in Region Isère).

Energy and performance curves for the different workloads – final report

Final report on modeling and estimation of energy consumption and performance (in terms of meeting QoS requirements). Development of a set of representative benchmarks, according to the use-cases (urban, virtual desktops, truck).

ULP hardware integration – final release

Final report on the integration of hardware components of the ULP platform, applying the requirements and components defined in the Task 3.1. The report will include the final prototype released at the end of the project for the field tests that will be executed in WP7.

Resources utilization and allocation – final report

Final report on Adapting physical resource utilization according to load patterns for saving substantial energy. Development on an energy efficiency module for cloud computing datacenter that allocate cloud instances to the most appropriate resources.

Virtual Desktop use case 3

"Demonstration integration of activities from WP4, WP5, WP6 related to Virtual Desktop validation aimed to validate ""Scalable Small form Factor Data Center"". CSI will be in charge to the deployment on test site"

Truck use case 3

Demonstration related to the correct integration of activities from WP4, WP5, WP6 related to Truck use case validation. CSI will be in charge to the deployment on test site from Civil Protection and will ensure relevant performances and power consumption analysis

Cloud software interface – final report

Final Report on investigation and implementation of a software interface between the IBM middleware and a cloud computing manager.

FPGA design implementation - final release

Final report on the design of hardware (schematic, layout and firmware) for the integration of FPGA components into Moonshot with the support of HP.

FPGA Prototype testing

Report on prototyping FPGA accelerator cards.

Workload characterisation – final report

Final report on improving energy efficiency of a cloud computing datacenter related to the characterization of the workloads.

FPGA Prototype testing - final release

Final report on prototyping FPGA accelerator cards.

Publications

User space memory management for post-copy migration

Author(s): Mike Rapoport, Joel Nider
Published in: Proceedings of the 10th ACM International Systems and Storage Conference on - SYSTOR '17, 2017, Page(s) 1-1
DOI: 10.1145/3078468.3078490

Remote page faults with a CAPI based FPGA

Author(s): Joel Nider, Yiftach Binyamini, Mike Rapoport
Published in: Proceedings of the 10th ACM International Systems and Storage Conference on - SYSTOR '17, 2017, Page(s) 1-1
DOI: 10.1145/3078468.3078489

Systems Software for Fast Inter-machine Page Faults

Author(s): Joel Nider, Mike Rapoport, Yiftach Binjamini
Published in: 2017

Hash, Don't Cache (the Page Table)

Author(s): Idan Yaniv, Dan Tsafrir
Published in: Proceedings of the 2016 ACM SIGMETRICS International Conference on Measurement and Modeling of Computer Science - SIGMETRICS '16, 2016, Page(s) 337-350
DOI: 10.1145/2896377.2901456

Workload Management for Power Efficiency in Heterogeneous Data Centers

Author(s): Pietro Ruiu, Alberto Scionti, Joel Nider, Mike Rapoport
Published in: 2016 10th International Conference on Complex, Intelligent, and Software Intensive Systems (CISIS), 2016, Page(s) 23-30
DOI: 10.1109/CISIS.2016.107

OPERA: A Low Power Approach to the Next Generation Cloud Infrastructures

Author(s): Alberto Scionti, Pietro Ruiu, Olivier Terzo, Joel Nider, Craig Petrie, Niccolo Baldoni
Published in: 2016 Euromicro Conference on Digital System Design (DSD), 2016, Page(s) 326-333
DOI: 10.1109/DSD.2016.63

Zero-Copy Receive for Virtualized Network Devices

Author(s): Kalman Meth, Joel Nider, Mike Rapoport
Published in: Proceedings of the Future Technologies Conference (FTC) 2018 - Volume 2, Issue 881, 2019, Page(s) 638-650
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-02683-7_45

The Green Computing Continuum: The OPERA Perspective

Author(s): A. Scionti, O. Terzo, P. Ruiu, G. Giordanengo, S. Ciccia, G. Urlini, J. Nider, M. Rapoport, C. Petrie, R. Chamberlain, G. Renaud, D. Tsafrir, I. Yaniv, D. Harryvan
Published in: Hardware Accelerators in Data Centers, 2019, Page(s) 57-86
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-92792-3_4

Towards Energy Efficient Orchestration of Cloud Computing Infrastructure

Author(s): A. Scionti, K. Goga, F. Lubrano, O. Terzo
Published in: Complex, Intelligent, and Software Intensive Systems, Issue 772, 2019, Page(s) 172-183
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-93659-8_15

Open-source implementation of an ad-hoc IEEE802.11a/g/p software-defined radio on low-power and low-cost general purpose processors

Author(s): S. Ciccia, G. Giordanengo, G. Vecchi
Published in: Radioengineering, Issue 26/4, 2017, Page(s) 1083-1095, ISSN 1210-2512
DOI: 10.13164/re.2017.1083

“A 101 Guide to Heterogeneous, Accelerated, Data Centric Computing Architectures“

Author(s): Cantle, A.
Published in: 2016

OPERA project poster presentation

Author(s): A. Scionti, G. Urlini, O. Terzo
Published in: 2016

HiPEAC info 48 – November 2016 - Getting high performance from low power

Author(s): A.Scionti, G.Urlini, O.Terzo
Published in: 2016

Container Migration in a Heterogeneous Data Center

Author(s): J. Nider, M. Rapoport
Published in: 2016

“Lazy process migration“

Author(s): Reber A., Rapoport M.
Published in: 2016

Op zoek naar low-power computers en datacenters

Author(s): F. Verhagen, D. Harryvan
Published in: 2015