Periodic Reporting for period 2 - PRUV (Preparedness and Resilience to address Urban Vulnerability)
Reporting period: 2018-01-01 to 2019-12-31
The objectives of the project are as follows:
1. To advance the state of the art by exploring the relationship between resilience and socio-economic issues across a range of societal institutions.
2. To advance the state of the art by addressing the theoretical and practical gaps in the protection of crisis-affected communities and vulnerable groups in urban settings in order to acquire new evidence-based knowledge to foster resilience. 3. To advance the state of the art by determining the contribution of existing legal frameworks at different levels of governance to urban resilience and how they can be improved.
4. To advance the state of the art by positioning urban resilience within the human security paradigm.
5. To advance the state of the art by modelling the effectiveness of public health preparedness interventions in urban settings for improving household, community, and local government resilience to humanitarian crises.
Phase 1 (January – December 2016)
In this phase of the project considerable progress was made in laying the groundwork for the project by developing a literature review, conceptual framework and research design to guide each of the five work packages. As a consortium the project has been engaged collectively across work package themes in the following areas:
- Selection of PRUV test-bed cities and particular localities within them on the basis of pre-defined selection criteria;
- Defining project key terms, e.g. resilience, preparedness, urban etc.;
- Compilation of secondary data concerning each of the selected localities;
- Completion of a baseline survey questionnaire for deployment within a survey to be conducted in phase 2.
Phase 2 (January – September 2017)
Obtaining secondary baseline data
The data from the localities selected in Nairobi, Kibera and Kawangware, were collected by Concern Worldwide through the IDSUE Urban Surveillance programme.
Primary baseline data collection
Quantitative baseline data concerning urban livelihoods have been collected on the basis of a household survey. The survey serves to obtain an understanding of the livelihoods, capacities and vulnerabilities in the context of the urban informal settlements included within the study. Through multistage cluster sampling, the survey was conducted including a total of 1136 randomly selected households in six localities across the three PRUV cities of Bogotá (Altos de la Florida), Nairobi (Kibera and Kawangwere), and Jakarta (Rawabadack Utara and Lagoa). The data allows for the obtaining of rich comparative understanding of how conditions across several sectors, detailed below, vary across the test-bed localities:
• food security;
• hygiene and sanitation;
• health and health-seeking behaviour;
• personal security;
• housing and tenure;
• inter-personal relationships;
• income and expenditure;
• coping strategies in case of shocks and stresses.
Phase 3: Qualitative data collection (October 2017 – December 2018)
Having obtained baseline data from the six localities from both primary and secondary sources, the data were then collated and stored in order to enable comparability across the six localities. Qualitative data collection was then undertaken in the three test-bed cities. Key stakeholders within the localities were identified who would be able to assist with the recruitment and convening of research participants as part of participatory research methods including interviews, focus group discussions and social cartographies.
Phase 4: Collaborative analysis and dissemination of research findings (January – December 2019)
Phase 4 of the project involved the collaborative analysis by project partners of the data collected in Phases 2 and 3. Research findings were also disseminated within the localities in which the research was undertaken and more broadly in line with the project’s communication and dissemination strategies.
The project has published or is due to publish peer-reviewed papers concerning the following:
- Masculinities within vulnerable urban settings
- The legal and policy framework relating to cultural heritage in urban settings
- Measuring social capital in vulnerable urban settings
It has also published pioneering reports on the following:
- Child protection and resilience in Nairobi
- Health-seeking behaviour in Jakarta
- The relationship between social capital and urban resilience
The project has also had a significant positive impact on the career and skills development of the participating researchers. In addition, the project has also fostered the creation of a deep, sustainable research partnership between academia, the NGO sector and the private sector in relation to research on urban resilience.