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Analysis of the European energy system under the aspects of flexibility and technological progress


Expert workshop

The aims of this workshop are to present and disseminate the new data and experience curves and to openly discuss the data quality, uncertainties, possible pitfalls etc., with experts, and use their feedback for improvements. Related to task T3.1 and T3.2.

Overview on market design options for European electricity markets

This deliverable describes and discusses different market design options, which are already in place in different EU-member states, but also the ones that are strongly discussed and are expected to be introduced in some EU-countries. These design options cover i.a. energy-only-markets (EOM), centralized and decentralized capacity markets and strategic reserves. The discussion will also contain the specific variation of the design options in some EU-countries and first experiences with alternative design options. Related to task T5.1.

Scenario Workshop

In addition to the expert workshops (D3.1, D4.2 and D6.2) two stakeholder workshops (scenario workshop and closing event) will be organized to communicate and disseminate the project activities and results to representatives from policy, industry and science. A scenario workshop will take place in the first six months of the project. At this event we will present and discuss the scenarios, which will be assessed during the project, and respective political assumptions with the European Commission and stakeholders. Related to tasks T1.1, T1.2 and T7.4.

Overview of techno-economic characteristics of different options for system flexibility provision in the sectors heat, electricity and mobility

This deliverable provides a structured overview of relevant energy technologies for system flexibility. A special focus is drawn on technological and economic parameter of each energy technology. Besides functioning as general data source for further research with energy system modelling, all summarised technologies will be implemented in the bottom-up models applied in this work package. Related to task T4.1.

Qualitative description of the scenario storylines

A discussion paper will provide an overview about scenario storylines, outlining targets, political frameworks and macro-economic trends considered in REFLEX. Outcomes from the scenario workshop will be considered in this paper. It will be made available to the project partners, the European Commission and stakeholders. Related to task T1.1 and T1.2.

Comprehensive report on experience curves

This is a report for electricity supply and transmission technologies, storage and demand and mobility. This report will include a description of the methodology for data collection and develop consistent experience curves for the various technologies. It will further provide an overview of all the experience curves developed in T3.2, including explanation, interpretation, and comparisons between curves. Related to tasks T3.2 and T3.3.

List of recommendations

This deliverable consolidates the policy measures for the different sectors deduced in task T5.3 to T5.6. A document will be prepared, where all recommendations will be collected and described with sufficient depth. The results will be published in a report or policy brief.

Dissemination and Communication Plan ( first period)

Dissemination and communication activities will be reported twice during the project. The first report contains all activities during the first period of the project (M1 – M18). A list of planned and implemented dissemination and communication activities will, however, be kept updated continuously throughout the project. As described in detail in Section 2.2, dissemination activities will include several stakeholder workshops, a number of policy briefs, publications and reports. Related to task T7.4.

Report on LCA-based framework

Results and analysis of literature survey in subtask 6.1 and the methodological framework itself.

Workshop: Life-cycle methods for sustainability assessment of energy systems scenarios

To be held at SETAC’s annual meeting May 2017 to consult with stakeholders on the progress of the life-cycle framework and scenario assessment, and to gather new ideas from a broad spectrum of life-cycle practitioners. Related to task T6.1 and T6.2.

Report on survey findings

Based on the results and outcomes of the DSM-, mobility pattern- and experience curve surveys, a report will be written, describing the findings, new insights and results of the surveys. The report will include a summary and recommendations how to profit most from the findings in respect of the overall project aims. Related to task T2.4.

Social, environmental and external cost assessment of future energy technologies and future energy systems

This report will contain the method and resulting information and data on the social and environmental life-cycle inventory compiled in WP6. It will also give methods, results of the overall social, environmental and external cost assessment of future EU energy systems on a life-cycle basis and of the spatially-disaggregated external cost of direct air emissions of future EU energy systems. Related to task T6.3 and T6.4.

Report on cost optimal energy technology portfolios for system flexibility in the sectors heat, electricity and mobility

This deliverable presents the composition of different flexibility options in different sectors for different scenarios and quantifies their contribution to system flexibility and RES integration for overall emission reductions. In addition, crucial flexibility measures for a successful transformation towards a low-carbon energy system will be highlighted. Related to task T4.3.

Dissemination and Communication Plan (second period)

The final dissemination and communication plan will provide details on activities implemented during the second reporting period (M19 – M36) and will include planned short-term, mid-term and long-term dissemination activities beyond the end of the project. Related to task T7.4.

Closing Event

At the end of the project a closing event will be organized to present and discuss the main results of REFLEX with the European Commission and interested stakeholders. Related to tasks T7.3 and T7.4.

Report on investments in flexibility options considering different market designs

This deliverable contains the market design options, which are already implemented in some countries or proposed for the European electricity markets and which will be assessed by the agent-based simulation. The report addresses the ability of different market designs to boost the introduction of flexibility options into the electricity market. It addresses also the question about the contribution of flexibility options to the security of supply under different market designs. Related to task T5.2 and T5.3.

Updated Data Management Plan

The Data Management Plan will be kept updated continuously throughout the project. An updated version will be reported towards the end of the project. Related to task T2.1-2.4.

Expert Workshop on energy system modelling with special focus on system flexibility

This deliverable provides a public workshop with a broader audience from science and relevant stakeholders on energy system modelling. Different modelling approaches and results from applied system models on flexibility analyses will be presented and discussed. Related to task T4.2 and T4.3.

REFLEX Public Website

A website will be established to support internal communication (see WP 8) and to present the project to stakeholders. It will provide all relevant information about the project, including the project idea and vision, the research focus, the consortium and main results. Furthermore, a download portal will be integrated in the website to provide access to the data (catalogue) as well as to reports and policy briefs prepared in the project. Related to tasks T7.1 - T7.4

Data Management Plan

All activities regarding data management will be reported in an interim report in Month 6. The plan will give details about the data collected, processed or generated by the project. Related to task T2.1 - T2.4.

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Comparison of the techno-economic characteristics of different flexibility options in the European energy system

Author(s): Julia Michaelis, Theresa Muller, Ulrich Reiter, Francesca Fermi, Artur Wyrwa, Yi-kuang Chen, Christoph Zophel, Nicolas Kronthaler, Rainer Elsland
Published in: 2017 14th International Conference on the European Energy Market (EEM), 2017, Page(s) 1-5
DOI: 10.1109/EEM.2017.7981983

The role of demand side management for the system integration of renewable energies

Author(s): Theresa Muller
Published in: 2017 14th International Conference on the European Energy Market (EEM), 2017, Page(s) 1-6
DOI: 10.1109/EEM.2017.7981892

The value of energy storages under uncertain CO<inf>2</inf>-prices and renewable shares

Author(s): Christoph Zophel, Dominik Most
Published in: 2017 14th International Conference on the European Energy Market (EEM), 2017, Page(s) 1-5
DOI: 10.1109/EEM.2017.7981973

Price-based versus load-smoothing pumped storage operation: Long-term impacts on generation adequacy

Author(s): Christoph Fraunholz, Florian Zimmermann, Dogan Keles, Wolf Fichtner
Published in: 2017 14th International Conference on the European Energy Market (EEM), 2017, Page(s) 1-6
DOI: 10.1109/EEM.2017.7981921

Curtailing Renewable Feed-In Peaks and Its Impact on Power Grid Extensions in Germany for the Year 2030

Author(s): David Gunkel, Dominik Möst
Published in: Advances in Energy System Optimization. Trends in Mathematics, 2017, Page(s) 141-159
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-51795-7_9

Simulation von lastglättendem und preisbasiertem Einsatz der deutschen Pumpspeicherkraftwerke

Author(s): Christoph Fraunholz, Dogan Keles, Wolf Fichtner
Published in: 10. Internationale Energiewirtschaftstagung, Wien, Österreich, 15.-17.02.2017, 2017
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000065987

Methodological considerations for applying social LCA to modelled future European energy systems in the REFLEX project

Author(s): Brown, N.; Ekener, E.; Fuss, M.; Xu, L.
Published in: SETAC Europe 28th Annual Meeting, 2018

Integration of Small-Scale Batteries Into Future Electricity Markets

Author(s): Benjamin Stahl, Anna-Lena Klingler, Marian Klobasa, Pia Manz, Martin Pudlik
Published in: 2018 15th International Conference on the European Energy Market (EEM), 2018, Page(s) 1-5
DOI: 10.1109/eem.2018.8469852

Mapping Urban Heat Demand with the Use of GIS-Based Tools

Author(s): -
Published in: Energies, Issue 10/6, 2017, Page(s) 720, ISSN 1996-1073
DOI: 10.3390/en10050720

Szenarien für ein europäisches Energiesystem

Author(s): Nick Pruditsch, Christoph Zöphel
Published in: uwf UmweltWirtschaftsForum, Issue 25/1-2, 2017, Page(s) 81-90, ISSN 0943-3481
DOI: 10.1007/s00550-017-0443-x

Which Flexibility Options Facilitate the Integration of Intermittent Renewable Energy Sources in Electricity Systems?

Author(s): Christoph Zöphel, Steffi Schreiber, Theresa Müller, Dominik Möst
Published in: Current Sustainable/Renewable Energy Reports, 2018, ISSN 2196-3010
DOI: 10.1007/s40518-018-0092-x

Demand Response Potential: Available when Needed?

Author(s): Theresa Müller, Dominik Möst
Published in: Energy Policy, Issue 115, 2018, Page(s) 181-198, ISSN 0301-4215
DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2017.12.025

A survey on electricity market design: Insights from theory and real-world implementations of capacity remuneration mechanisms

Author(s): Andreas Bublitz, Dogan Keles, Florian Zimmermann, Christoph Fraunholz, Wolf Fichtner
Published in: Energy Economics, Issue 80, 2019, Page(s) 1059-1078, ISSN 0140-9883
DOI: 10.1016/j.eneco.2019.01.030

The effect of electric vehicles and heat pumps on the market potential of PV + battery systems

Author(s): Anna-Lena Klingler
Published in: Energy, Issue 161, 2018, Page(s) 1064-1073, ISSN 0360-5442
DOI: 10.1016/

A methodology for bottom-up modelling of energy transitions in the industry sector: The FORECAST model

Author(s): Tobias Fleiter, Matthias Rehfeldt, Andrea Herbst, Rainer Elsland, Anna-Lena Klingler, Pia Manz, Stefan Eidelloth
Published in: Energy Strategy Reviews, Issue 22, 2018, Page(s) 237-254, ISSN 2211-467X
DOI: 10.1016/j.esr.2018.09.005

The Impact of Auctioning in the EU ETS: Are Utilities Still Profiting?

Author(s): Möst, D., Hobbie, H., Schmidt, M.
Published in: Special issue of the IAEE Energy Forum 2016, 2016

Investigating the impact of e-bikes on modal share and greenhouse emissions: a system dynamic approach

Author(s): Paola Astegiano, Francesca Fermi, Angelo Martino
Published in: Transportation Research Procedia, Issue 37, 2019, Page(s) 163-170, ISSN 2352-1465
DOI: 10.1016/j.trpro.2018.12.179

REFLEX, Analysis of the European energy system under the aspects of flexibility and technological progress, H2020

Author(s): Dominik Möst, Theresa Müller
Published in: Impact, Issue 2017/7, 2017, Page(s) 44-46, ISSN 2398-7073
DOI: 10.21820/23987073.2017.6.44

Estimating the Potential Life Cycle Environmental Impacts of Current and Future Electric Passenger Cars

Author(s): Koroma, Michael Samsu
Published in: 2018