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PROMOTioN - Progress on Meshed HVDC Offshore Transmission Networks

Deliverables

Offline models for hybrid DC CBs

These models will represent basic functions and limitations of hybrid DC CB as required for protection system development.

Offline models for mechanical DC CBs

These models will represent basic functions and limitations of mechanical DC CB as required for protection system development

Stakeholder interaction

To ensure the interaction with stakeholders an Industry Reference Group (IRG) will be implemented. The Reference Group guarantees the direct link to the stakeholder community. Within the IRG project external experts as well as interested stakeholders will be represented. It provides additional feedback and input from outside the project. Within WP13 3-5 meetings of the IRG will be organised. Within WP13 workshops, seminars, side-events on special topics and the intermediate as well as the final conference will be organised with the support of other project partners.

CBA methodology for offshore grids

Based on the existing ENTSO-E Guideline for Cost Benefit Analysis of Grid Development Projects and on recommendations issued by Task 7.2, this task will formalize a CBA methodology adequate for offshore grids. The main indicators that must be computed in a CBA will be defined, and guidelines on the approach that must be followed to compute them will be defined. Result of WP7.6 is a methodology rather than a tool. Recommendations of WP7.6 will, where sensible and achievable, be used for WP12.

Operation of WPPs connected to DR-HVDC

A report that will present the results of the operation of WPPs connected to DR-HVDC, including startup, normal and disturbance operations

Report on the broad comparison of protection philosophies for the identified grid topologies

Based on a literature study, a shallow analysis of selected protection methods is performed using the developed test grids and the benchmark scenarios. The report explores various approaches and identifies those methods that are robust for fault detection and the system effects of the fault occurrence and the fault clearing.

Intermediate document on tasks 7.3 for stakeholder consultation

Financeability is related on the one hand related to the regulatory framework which is established by tasks 7.1 and 7.2 but also on the the possibilities on funding and investor participation. This document will contain draft proposals including as assessment of the appropriate governace model for a North Sea grid.

Document on test requirements

List of test requirements from an electrical point of view: rate-of-rise of current, current interruption and commutation, transient voltage inception, energy dissipation, reclosing time and stresses.

Software and analysis report on candidate test-circuits and their effectiveness

Software for the characterization of candidate test circuits based on capacitor, reactor and AC generator storage sources

Report documenting results of the questionnaire on best practices

A questionnaire is sent out to manufacturers, developers, TSOs, governments, regulators and academia to capture the gained experience in the existing built or planned offshore grid. The results of this questionnaire is consolidated and used as an input for the requirements in D1.5

Specifications of the control strategies and the simulations test cases

The report contains the detailed specifications and requirements for the control of WT/WPP and it describes the test cases used to verify in simulations the proposed controllers.

Report with the compliance test procedures for DR and VSC connected WPPs

The report will describe in detail the proposed test procedures for compliance evaluation, for wind turbine and wind power plant level.

Preliminary analysis on key technical, financial, economic, governmental, regulatory and market barriers and a related portfolio of solutions

Preliminary analysis on all necessary building blocks for the development of the future European offshore grid.

Report on the re-evaluation of the requirements based on results by other WPs

The requirements that have been set in MS2 are re-evaluated within the project and if adaptations are needed, agreed upon and shared within the project. This will avoid incompatibilities in the final result of the project which result from incompatible requirements.

Report and computer demonstration with a draft roadmap and reference off –shore grid expansion plan

The draft roadmap is described in this deliverable. It is taking into account the development pace of off-shore wind and technical and economic factors. A business case is made to assess the viability. The initial roadmap and some typical flows are visualised interactively on a geographic map. This initial roadmap will be enriched by WP12

Report with reference scenario and related offshore meshed HVDC grid topology

The scenarios for installed generation and demand development are described in this deliverable. This includes both on- and offshore figures which are in input for the business case study.

Report with a synthesis of the available studies on offshore meshed HVDC grids and related barriers/gaps at the inception of the project

Numerous studies have been carried out on the topic of (meshed) offshore grids. Their lessons learned are captured and connected in a report that is used as input for D1.5

Document on recommendations for specifying DC GIS systmems

A guideline for correctly specifying, i.e. determining the ratings, of DC GIS for application in offshore HVDC meshed networks will be provided in this deliverable.

Guiding principles / catalogue with requirements for other work packages

The list of requirements that have been delivered in MS1 is quantified in this deliverable at MS2

Document on test requirements, procedures and methods

This document will provide a comprehensive list of test requirements, i.e. aspects of DC GIS that need to be verified prior to installation, and test procedures, i.e. how to verify those aspects, and methods i.e. the test circuits. The deliverable will ensure close alignment with existing and ongoing standardization techniques.

Test case overview

Overview of all defined test cases to be investigated on the test bench

Document on test procedures

List of procedures to pass through in testing

Intermediate document on tasks 7.1 for stakeholder consultation

This interim document contains the draft conclusions on an alternative legal framework for the development of a north sea offshore grid. The recommendation could be to propose additional legislation, Member State agreement or a combination thereof.

Exploitation Plan

Exploitation Plan

Detailed functional requirements to WPPs

The deliverable will cover, both DR and VSC concepts, both compared to conventional AG grid connection requirements. It will also include specifications for WTG and aggregated wind park models

Report describing the fault analysis severity versus fault location

Statistically base study of faults in CIGRE test system to identify worst fault case scenario and its probabilistic distribution

Intermediate document on tasks 7.2 for stakeholder consultation.

The interim document will contain the draft proposals on the economic regulatory properties of an EU framework, covering a range of proposals on e.g. cross border cost –benefit allocation, revenue models and investment incentives.

Detailed description of the requirements that can be expected per work package

For each technical requirement that is quantified in WP1, items that are used per WP are listed. This gives a comprehensive insight in which requirements are commonly used by multiple WPs.

Executive summary of project interim and final report

WP 14 supports WP 13 in editing and layouting interim and final reports. The content and final responsibility of project reporting has WP 14. An executive summary of the interim report will be published and the final report will be published and printed in English. An executive summary of the final report will be translated and published in English, German, French and Dutch language.

Report on fault stress analysis for the various technologies

Description of the electrical stresses during the interruption process at each DCCB technology offered

Performance of ancillary services provision from WPPs connected to DR-HVDC

The deliverable will include the simulation results for the capabilities of DR_HVDC connected WPPs to provide ancillary services.

Publications (x number of papers, articles, reports, conf. presentations …)

Partners will publish articles and papers based on the progress and the results of the project. Supported by a professional agency, SOW will coordinate and facilitate these publication efforts via the website, in national and international trade press, scientific journals and technical magazines and in online media.

External Communication via marketing material and media work

To ensure a wide distribution of the project SOW will prepare and support external communications activities e.g. media work (press briefings), multimedia formats, Youtube channel, display tools,

Newsletter – bi-annual

The project newsletter will be distributed twice a year. It will contain project results and activities, as well as project related topics and the findings of other related projects. For the content generation of the newsletter input from the other partners is an absolute must. The newsletter will be sent to policy and industry stakeholders as well as to other interested parties. A sign-in tool on the website will enable interested parties to be included in the newsletter mailing list.

Establishment of internal/external Project information system

The main communication tool for this project will be the website with its intranet function. This function will enable the exchange of internal knowledge and data within the partnership. The project’s progress, including milestones and deliverables, will be managed via the intranet tool. The website will ensure wide dissemination of project content and results to relevant stakeholders, interested parties and the general public. It will be regularly updated based on the input of other WP leaders.

Mailing list - regularly updated

The targeted mailing list is based on the input of all project partners and will contain contact details of relevant policy and industry stakeholders The list will be regularly updated, and directed to maximum size of recipients.

Development of Project Identity

The project identity will contain a project logo, a claim and a corporate design, e.g. templates for power point presentations, reports and papers, flyers, rollups. SOW will be supported by a specialised subcontractor with excellent experience in this field.

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Publications

Dc Voltage Control In Off-Shore Wind Farms With Distributed Diode Rectifier Units

Author(s): G. Chaques-Herraiz, S. Bernal-Perez, J. Martinez-Turegano, S. Ano-Villalba, R. Pena, R. Blasco-Gimenez
Published in: IECON 2017, Issue 29 oct-1 nov 2017, 2017

Decentralised H∞ -based control strategy for DC Grids

Author(s): M.A. Hernandez-Mejias, E.Rodriguez-Diaz, A. Sala, R. Blasco-Gimenez, G.Chaques-Herraiz, J.M. Guerrero
Published in: Electrimacs 2017, Issue 4-6-jul 2017, 2017

Hybrid Full Bridge-Half Bridge MML Power Converter for HVDC Diode Rectifier Connection of Large Off-Shore Wind Farms

Author(s): R. Vidal-Albalatey, R. Penaz, S. Ano-Villalba, E. Belenguery, R. Blasco-Gimenez
Published in: ICIT 2018, Issue 20-22 feb 2018, 2018

On-shore MML power converters for the connection of diode rectifier units

Author(s): R. Vidal-Albalate, P. Pena, S. Ano-Villalba, E. Belenguer, R. Blasco-Gimenez
Published in: Off-shore wind energy 2017, Issue 6-8 Jun 2017, 2017

Asymmetrical Fault Analysis at the Offshore Network of HVDC connected Wind Power Plants

Author(s): O. Goksu, N.A. Cutululis, P. Sorensen, L. Zeni
Published in: IEE PowerTecch 2017, Issue 18-22 Jun 2017, 2017

Model Aggregation of Large Wind Farms For Dynamic Studies

Author(s): J. Martinez-Turegano, S. Ano-Villalba, G. Chagues-Herraiz, S. Bernal-Perez, R. Blasco-Gimenez
Published in: IECON 2017, Issue 29 oct-1 nov 2017, 2017, Page(s) 29 oct-1 nov 2017

Frequency Support from OWPPs connected to HVDC via Diode Rectifiers

Author(s): O. Saborio-Romano, A. Bidadfar, O. Goksu, N.A. Cutululis
Published in: Wind Integration Workschop 2017, Issue 25-27 Oct 2017, 2017

Black Star and Island Operation Capabilites of Wind Power Plants

Author(s): O. Goksu, O. Saborio-Romano, A. Bidadfar, N.A. Cutululis, P.E. Sorensen
Published in: Wind Intergration Workshop 2017, Issue 25-27 Oct 2017, 2017

Robustness Evaluation of Fast Breaker Failure Backup Protection in Bipolar HVDC Grids

Author(s): M. Wang, W. Leterne. J. Beerten, D. Van Hertem
Published in: IET ACDC 2017, Issue 14-16 Feb 2017, 2017

Offshore Wind Farms and HVDC Grids Modeling as a Feedback Control System for Stability Analysis

Author(s): A. Bidadfar, O. Saborio-Romano, M. Altin, O. Goksu, N.A. Cutululis, P.E. Sorensen
Published in: Wind Integration Workshop 2017, Issue 25-27 Oct 2017, 2017

Mechanical Circuit Breaker Modelling for System-level, Real-time Protection System Simulations

Author(s): F. P. Page, K. Kuroda, R. Uda, S. Tokoyoda, T. Minagawa, H. Ito, C. Spallarossa
Published in: CIGRE Winnipeg Colloquium and Exhibition 2017, Issue 30 Sep - 6 Oct 2017, 2017

Fault Current Control Methods for Multi-Terminal DC Systems based on Fault Blocking Converters

Author(s): P. Ruffing, C. Brantl, C. Petino, A. Schnettler
Published in: IET DPSP 2018, Issue 12-15 Mar 2018, 2018

Assessment Methodology and Performance Indicators for HVDC Grid Protection Strategies

Author(s): G.D. Freitas, B. Ismail, A. Bertinato, B. Raison, E. Niel, S. Poullain, B. Luscan
Published in: IET DPSP 2018, Issue 12-15 Mar 2018, 2018

Stress anaylsis of HVDC circuit breakers for defining test requirements and its implementation

Author(s): N. A. Belda, R. P. P. Smeets, C. Plet, R. Nijman
Published in: CIGRE Winnipeg Colloquium and Exhibition 2017, Issue 30 Sep - 6 Oct 2017, 2017

Impact of DC grid contingencies on AC system stability

Author(s): M. Abedrabbo, M. Wang, P. Tielens, F.Z. Dejene, W. Leterme, J. Beerten, D.v. Hertem
Published in: IET ACDC 2017, Issue 14-16 Feb 2017, 2017

Transient Behaviour of VSC-HVDC Links with DC Breakers Under Faults

Author(s): T. Augustin, I. Jahn, S. Norrga, H.-P. Nee
Published in: EPE'17 ECCE Europe, Issue 11-14 Sep 2017, 2017

Using Fault Current Limiting mode of a Hybrid DC Breaker

Author(s): M. Wang, W. Leterme, J. Beerten, D. Van Hertem
Published in: IET DPSP 2018, Issue 12-15 Mar 2018, 2018

A Review on AC and DC Protection Equipment and Technologies: Towards Multivendor Solution

Author(s): M. Wang, M. Abedrabbo, W. Leterme, D. Van Hertem, C. Spallarossa, I. Grammatikos, K. Kuroda, S. Oukaili
Published in: CIGRE Winnipeg Colloquium and Exhibition 2017, Issue 30 Sep - 6 Oct 2017, 2017

DC current interruption tests with HV mechanical DC circuit breaker

Author(s): S. Tokoyoda, T. Inagaki, K. Tahata, F. Page, K. Kamei, T. Minagawa, H. Ito, C. Spallarossa
Published in: CIGRE Winnipeg Colloquium and Exhibition 2017, Issue 30 Sep - 6 Oct 2017, 2017

DC Chopper Based Test Circuit for High Voltage DC Circuit Breakers

Author(s): D. Jovcic, M.H. Hedayati
Published in: IET ACDC 2017, Issue 14-16 Feb 2017, 2017

Modelling of Hybrid DC Circuit Breaker Based on Phase-Control Thyristors




Survey of Methods for Selective DC Fault Detection in MTDC Grids

Author(s): KTH
Published in: IET International Conference on AC and DC Power Transmission, Issue 15-02-2017, 2017

PROMOTioN overview

Author(s): DNV GL/SOW
Published in: North Seas Countries Energy Cooperation Initiative, Issue 23 Mar 2017, 2017

Low Voltage Prototype Design and Testing of Ultra-Fast Disconnector (UFD) for Hybrid HV DC CB

Author(s): M. Hedayati, D. Jovcic
Published in: CIGRE Winnipeg Colloquium and Exhibition 2017, Issue 30 Sep - 6 Oct 2017, 2017

T7.6: How to compare offshore grid solutions? A CBA methodology

Author(s): Wim vand der Veen (DNV GL)
Published in: PROMOTion midterm conference-Amsterdam, Issue 6-Jun-2018, 2018

Modelling and Simulating Renewable Energy.

Author(s): SHE Transmission
Published in: The 13th IET International Conference on AC and DC Power Transmission., Issue 16 Feb 2017, 2017

Wind Turbine - Converter Interaction, PROMOTioN WP3

Author(s): Ömer Göksu, DTU Wind Engergy
Published in: PROMOTioN midterm Conference - Amsterdam, Issue 6-jun-2018, 2018

WP2 - Grid Topology & Converters

Author(s): Christina Brantl - RWTH Aachen University
Published in: PROMOTioN midterm Conference - Amsterdam, Issue 6-jun-2018, 2018

Overview of key technologies

Author(s): Cornelis Plet, DNV GL
Published in: PROMOTioN midterm Conference - Amsterdam, Issue 6-jun-2018, 2018

How to develop an economic regulatory framework for MOG?

Author(s): Pradyumma Bhagwat (EUI-FSR)
Published in: PROMOTioN midterm Conference - Amsterdam, Issue 6-Jun-2018, 2018

How to regulate a MOG?Legal regulatory challenges

Author(s): Ceciel Nieuwenhout (RUG)
Published in: PROMOTioN midterm Conference - Amsterdam, Issue 6-Jun-2018, 2018

WP16 - MMC Test Bench, Demnstrator

Author(s): Philipp Ruffing - RWTH Aachen
Published in: PROMOTioN midterm Conference - Amsterdam, Issue 6-jun-2018, 2018

HVDC Circuit Breaker Testing

Author(s): René Smeets, KEMA Laboratories, DNV GL
Published in: PROMOTioN midterm Conference - Amsterdam, Issue 6-jun-2018, 2018

Governing the Offshore Grid: Which Legal Instruments Facilitate Its Development?

Author(s): Rijksuniversiteit Groningen
Published in: IAEE (international association of energy economics) yearly conference 2018, Issue 10-13 Jun 2018, 2018

Characterisation of DC Circuit Breakers

Author(s): Dragan Jovcic, University of Aberdaan
Published in: PROMOTioN midterm Conference - Amsterdam, Issue 6-Jun-2018, 2018

Towards meshed off shore grids - Development of a roadmap

Author(s): Michel de Schepper, TenneT
Published in: PROMOTioN midterm Conference - Amsterdam, Issue 6-jun-2018, 2018

Presentation: Impact of Measurement and Communication Aspects on Protection of MTDC Grids

Author(s): KTH
Published in: DPSP 2018, Issue 12-15 Mar 2018, 2018

Performance Demonstration of HVDC substation equipment

Author(s): DNV GL
Published in: Stuttgarter Hochspannungssymposium, Issue 6-7 Mar 2018, 2018

Performance Demonstration of HVDC substation equipment

Author(s): U. Riechert, J. Josefsson, C. Plet, S. Mebrahtu-Melake, A. Hassanpoor
Published in: Stuttgarter Hochspannungssymposium 2018, Issue 6-7 Mar 2018, 2018

HVDC Gas Insulated Switchgear, Demonstration WP15

Author(s): Paul Vinson, SuperGrid Institute
Published in: PROMOTioN midterm Conference - Amsterdam, Issue 6-jun-2018, 2018

Where does the money come from? Financing challenges for a MOG

Author(s): Alexandra Armeni, Gerhard Gerdes (DWG)
Published in: PROMOTioN midterm Conference - Amsterdam, Issue 6-jun-2018, 2018

DC grid protection - PROMOTioN WP4 outcomes

Author(s): Dirk Van Hertem, KU Leuven
Published in: PROMOTioN midterm Conference - Amsterdam, Issue 6-jun-2018, 2018

PROMOTioN & HVDC Circuit Breaker Testing




Methodology and Indicators for HVDC grid protection strategies comparison

Author(s): Super Grid Institute
Published in: The 14th IET International Conference on Developments in Power System Protection, Issue Mar 2018, 2018

The need for demonstration

Author(s): Cornelis Plet (DNV GL)
Published in: PROMOTioN midterm Conference - Amsterdam, Issue 6-jun-2018, 2018

Best Paths & PROMOTioN - Utilizing project synergies




PROMOTioN & HVDC Circuit Breaker Testing

Author(s): DNV GL
Published in: IEEE IE2 conference, Issue 27 Nov 2017, 2017

PROMOTioN & HVDC Circuit Breaker Testing

Author(s): DNV GL
Published in: Side event Offshore WindEnergy, Issue 7-8 Jun 2017, 2017

Establishing a draft roadmap for meshed HVDC offshore grids

Author(s): Tractebel
Published in: Offshore Wind Energy 2017, Issue 7 Jun 2017, 2017

PROMOTion - WP9

Author(s): Task leader SHE Trans
Published in: PROMOTioN midterm Conference - Amsterdam, Issue 6-jun-2018, 2018

VSC-based controller oscillations in power system

Author(s): x
Published in: PROMOTioN midterm Conference - Amsterdam, Issue 6-jun-2018, 2018

Mechanical Circuit Breaker Modelling for System-level, Real-time Protection System Simulations

Author(s): MEU, TU Delft
Published in: CIGRE Winnipeg Colloquium 2017, Issue 30 Sep - 6 Oct 2017, 2017

Simultaneous connection of Type-3 and Type-4 Off-shore wind farms to HVDC Diode Rectifier Units

Author(s): Ricardo Vidal-Albanate - University Jaume I de Castelló; Ruben Pena - University of Concepción; Enrique Belenguer - University Jaume I de Castelló; Salvador Añó-Villalba, Soledad Bernal-Perez, Ramon Blasco-Gimenez - Polytecnical University of Valencia
Published in: Wind Integration Workshop, Issue 15-17 November 2016, 2016

Connection of OWPPs to HVDC networks using VSCs and Diode Rectifiers: an Overview

Author(s): Oscar Saborío-Romano, Ali Bidadfar, Ömer Göksu, Müfit Altin, Nicolaos A. Cutululis, Poul E. Sørensen - Technical University of Denmark
Published in: Wind Integration Workshop, Issue 15-17 November 2016, 2016

Modelling of the Diode-Rectifier Based HVDC Transmission Solution for Large Offshore Wind Power Plants Grid Access

Author(s): lavomir Seman, Ngoc Tuan Trinh, Rainer Zurowski, Sarina Kreplin - SIEMENS AG
Published in: Wind Integration Workshop, Issue 15-17 November 2016, 2016

PROMOTioN

Author(s): Alexander Yanushkevic
Published in: InnoGrid2020+, Issue 28 June 2016, 2016

Functional Requirements from AC and DC grids to DC grid protection

Author(s): Dirk van Hertem (KU Leuven
Published in: CIGRE 2nd International conference on HVDC, Issue 25 October 2016, 2016

Panel and Stakeholder Discussion: Suitable Technologies for meshed HVDC Offshore Grids

Author(s): Paul Raats (DNV GL), Andrew Ho, Offshore Wind, Alan Croes (TenneT), Antje Orhts (Entsoe), Jenny Josefsson (ABB), Robert Hoeness (Siemens), Claudia Spallarossa (Mitsubishi), Alessandro Conte (Prysmian), Fabrice Perrot (GE Grid Solutions)
Published in: PROMOTioN Stakeholder Kick-off Workshop, Issue 29 June 2016, 2016

Latest developments in transmission technologies for large scale offshore wind integration

Author(s): KU Leuven
Published in: Wind Energy Denmark: Connecting Europe to the North Sea, Issue 27 October 2016, 2016

Reference group meeting - several presentations

Author(s): Edwin Haesen (Ecofys), Tim Green (Imperial College London), Dirk van Hertem (KU Leuven), Tim Schittekatte (EUI)
Published in: Issue 29 September 2016, 2016

Modelling power system with HVDC converters as feedback control systems for stability analysis and controller design

Author(s): DTU
Published in: 6th HVDC Doctoral Colloquium, Issue 14-16 September 2016, 2016

A Meshed Offshore Grid in the North Sea Legal and Regulatory Perspectives

Author(s): Ceciel van Nieuwenhout (RUG)
Published in: Conference Baltic InteGrid project: Offshore Wind in the Baltic Sea:, Issue 25 November 2016, 2016

Offshore Wind Power Plant connected with Diode-Rectifier and VSC-HVDC

Author(s): DTU
Published in: 6th HVDC Doctoral Colloquium, Issue 14-16 September 2016, 2016

Use of RTDS at The National HVDC Centre

Author(s): SHE Transmission
Published in: RTDS European User Conference, Issue 16 September 2016, 2016

Distributed PLL-based Control of Offshore Wind Turbine Connected with Diode-Rectifier based HVDC Systems

Author(s): L. Yu, R. Li and L. Xu
Published in: IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Issue Nov 2017, 2017, Page(s) Vol. nov 2017, ISSN 0885-8977

Frequency domain based DC fault analysis for bipolar HVDC grids

Author(s): M. Wang, J. Beerten, D. v. Hertem
Published in: Journal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy, Issue Vol. 5, Jun 2017, 2017, ISSN 2196-5420

Test Circuits for HVDC Circuit Breakers

Author(s): N. A. Belda, R. P. P. Smeets
Published in: IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Issue Vol 32, no.1, Feb 2017, 2017, Page(s) 285-293, ISSN 0885-8977

Analysis of Faults in Multi-Terminal HVDC Grid for Definition of Test Requirements of HVDC Circuit Breakers

Author(s): N. A. Belda, C. Plet, R. P. P. Smeets
Published in: IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Issue Vol. no. 99 Jun 2017, 2017, ISSN 0885-8977

Assessment of Cost - Benefit Analysis for offshore electricity infrastructure development

Author(s): P.C Bhagwat, T. Schittekatte, N. Keyaerts, L. Meeus
Published in: EUI Working Paper RSCAS, Issue 2017/53, nov 2017, 2017, ISSN 0000-0000

Design, Modeling and Control of Hybrid DC Circuit Breaker Based on Fast Thyristors

Author(s): A. Jamshidifar and D. Jovcic
Published in: IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Issue vol. no 99, Okt 2017, 2017, ISSN 0885-8977

Reducing Peak Current and Energy Dissipation in Hybrid HVDC CBs Using Disconnector Voltage Control

Author(s): Mohammad Hassan Hedayati, Dragan Jovcic
Published in: IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Issue 33/4, 2018, Page(s) 2030-2038, ISSN 0885-8977
DOI: 10.1109/TPWRD.2018.2812713

Cooperation the key to a European meshed offshore network

Author(s): DNV GL
Published in: Recharge News, Issue May 2018, 2018, ISSN 1891-2079

HVDC mechanical circuit breaker - Demonstration of full-power DC fault clearing test

Author(s): DNV GL
Published in: KEMA Laboratories quarterly magazine, Issue 2017, 2017

Towards a more investment friendly economic incentive regime for offshore infrastructure projects

Author(s): FSR
Published in: FSR Policy brief, Issue Feb 2018, 2018

"PROMOTioN Newsletter #1"

Author(s): SOW
Published in: PROMOTioN, Issue 30 June 2016, 2016

PROMOTioN - New EU project to boost the development of meshed HVDC offshore grids in Europe

Author(s): DNV GL and SOW
Published in: Press Release, Issue 14 March 2016, 2016

EU project PROMOTioN launches new website

Author(s): DNV GL and SOW
Published in: Press Release, Issue 23 June 2016, 2016

"PROMOTioN Newsletter #2"

Author(s): SOW
Published in: PROMOTioN, Issue 20 December 2016, 2016