The project has two sides: one is focusing on international collaborations to obtain and process new observational data. The other side focuses on building new theoretical concepts and numerical simulation software. To answer some of the fundamental questions on planet formation, we need to combine both sides and interpret and analyze the newest observations with state-of-the-art theory and simulations. We have build computer codes to simulate how small solid particles collide and grow or fragment and how they are transported and eventually concentrated in protoplanetary disks to eventually form the building blocks of planets. The developed software package will be publicly released soon. At the same time, we have combined these methods with hydrodynamical simulations that simulate the early stages of planet formation where for the first time, we take into account the gas dynamics and the evolution and growth of the particles. With this tool, we have to re-evaluate many of the earlier studies that did not properly include those effects. We also developed novel data analysis techniques that for the first time allowed us to show that the structures that are observed match the predictions of planets through their influence on both the solids and the gas. At the same time, in a larger collaboration, we published the first large sample of 20 planet forming disks that all show substructures. Taken together, this shows that planets are likely responsible for most if not all of the structure observed in disks. Surprisingly, they seem to have formed very early which challenges us to develop new theoretical ideas of how nature is able to do this.