CORDIS - EU research results

Coordination of Automated Road Transport Deployment for Europe

Periodic Reporting for period 2 - CARTRE (Coordination of Automated Road Transport Deployment for Europe)

Reporting period: 2017-10-01 to 2018-09-30

With more than 80 consortium and associated partner organisations involved, CARTRE aim was to consolidate the industry and policy fragmentation surrounding the development of Automated Road Transport (ART) through:
• Bringing together key stakeholders from different sectors at national, international and European levels so as to build common views on needs and challenges for deployment of ART;
• Fostering experience and knowledge sharing from past and ongoing R&I activities at national, European and international levels;
• Supporting the expert community working on ART projects, pilots and FOTs, with testing methodologies and procedures information.
The underlying achievement that enabled CARTRE to carry this out was the Joint Stakeholder Network that CARTRE has built up to harmonise ART approaches at European and international level, involving representatives of public, industry, research and user sectors.
During the 2nd reporting period, the project organised two joint stakeholder meetings on March 8th (Brussels, BE) and May 8-9th (The Hague, NL) 2018. The purpose of the Joint CARTRE-ERTRAC workshop on 8 March 2018 was the finalisation of CARTRE deliverable on future research needs as well as that of ERTRAC Strategic Research Agenda. The Joint Stakeholder Meeting held in The Hague focused on influencing factors, impact mechanisms and scenarios.
The position papers for 10 thematic areas were published. CARTRE supported the trilateral EU-US-Japan ART working group meetings, ensuring the participation of relevant experts in each of the cooperation areas and presentation of related European initiatives.
An elaborate analysis of the various roadmaps collected in the Dutch Knowledge Agenda was created. The coverage of CARTRE thematic areas per roadmap and regional or sectoral roadmap category was scored.
Moreover, three concertation meetings with European R&I projects were organised during the second period of the project: on 12 December 2017, CARTRE participated in the 1st (Horizon 2020 Transport) ART projects Workshop organised in Brussels by the Innovation and Networks Executive Agency (INEA); on 17 April 2018, CARTRE co-organised with EC a Special Session at the Transport Research Arena (TRA) conference in Vienna (INV7 “Automated Vehicle Testing on European Public Roads”), involving European and national initiatives testing automated vehicles on public roads (e.g. EC-funded L3Pilot and AUTOPILOT, Swedish Platooning4Sweden and Austrian ALP.Lab). The final workshop was organised in Brussels on 11-12 September 2018 with main objective to share knowledge and experiences as well as to formalize concrete actions for further cooperation in the longer term between invited CCAM pilots. The specific topics for discussion for this “3rd Workshop on connected and automated driving pilots” were data exchange, impact assessment and knowledge base.
Following the analysis of existing knowledge bases that was carried out during the first period, CARTRE proposed to cooperate with the Transport and Research and Innovation Monitoring and Information System (TRIMIS) knowledgebase. It was agreed that CARTRE would use its own tools for the knowledgebase (i.e. the public website and point to the TRIMIS database with regards to ART projects. It was also decided that the knowledgebase of CARTRE, which will be continued in ARCADE (follow-up Support Action), would include categories of information inherited from VRA wiki, as well as based on CARTRE main deliverables.
During the second period, CARTRE continued and extended its activity listing and analyzing all known regulations coming into force in European Member States related to testing of connected and automated vehicles on public roads.
A Data Sharing Framework and Strategy was produced promoting more data, knowledge and experience sharing and re-use from automation pilots.
Several FESTA for automation workshops and webinars were organised to discuss the adaptations to be made to the FESTA Handbook with regard to FOTs and pilots on road automation.
A report on “Future ART research needs” was produced that was used as input to the work in the ERTRAC WG CAD and ERTRAC’s Strategic Research Agenda (SRA) as well as to the EC STRIA Roadmap workshops on 17 May and 13 September 2018 to define R&I priorities for the future Horizon Europe Framework Programme.
Another report produced by the project focused on socio-economic impact assessment of automated driving, building on the work of the related Trilateral Cooperation Sub-Working Group, namely their suggested key performance indicators and impact areas. The report provides qualitative data on KPIs and reasoning of impacts. It also provides some insight into what is expected from ongoing studies in Europe in terms of socio-economic impacts.
CARTRE co-organised with SCOUT Support Action the Interactive Symposium on Research & Innovation for Connected and Automated Driving in Europe (EUCAD 2018) on 19-20 April 2018 in Vienna, Austria.
During the reporting period, the CAD website has been the main dissemination tool, gathering news, events and relevant documents. The website received 114.175 visits from October 2017 to September 2018. Other dissemination activities over the period included the preparation of necessary printed material in relation with CARTRE participation at events. Electronic materials were also produced during the same period, e.g. newsflashes and newsletters; webinars were organised.
As an overall impact, CARTRE supports the development of automation in road transport, in view of optimising its contribution to the EU policy goals in terms of road safety, reduced congestion, energy efficiency and air quality as well as ensuring the leading role of European industry in the global market to boost sustainable growth and create jobs.
CARTRE was constituted to bring different stakeholders group closer and reach wider consensus and understanding across the groups. The consortium and associated partners represented more than 80 of the major global industry, public authorities, users and research actors in Europe. CARTRE has consolidated an ART Network for stakeholders but also projects, which will continue (namely in ARCADE Support Action) when the action is completed.
CARTRE has established a dialogue between ART project stakeholders so that new projects can learn from the ongoing ones.
CARTRE has produced an overview of commonalities and divergences in national plans and found common interests, policies and divergences between EU, US and Japan.
CARTRE has investigated emerging markets prospects. CARTRE has organised an ART European conference and R&I Symposium, as well as several workshops, webinars and special interest sessions at external conferences and events.
CARTRE has fostered a common evaluation framework, data exchange principles to re-use pilot data and evaluated impacts of AV.
CARTRE has reported on outstanding challenges and research gaps in thematic “ART enablers” through working groups composed of stakeholders from the different sectors.
CARTRE has supported running pilots to understand national testing regulations.
CARTRE has investigated short and long term deployment scenarios, key uncertainties and points of divergence, and identified future research needs.
Initial evaluation of impacts carried out in CARTRE will help policy decisions.