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ENLARGE – ENergies for Local Administrations: Renovate Governance in Europe

Periodic Reporting for period 1 - ENLARGE (ENLARGE – ENergies for Local Administrations: Renovate Governance in Europe)

Reporting period: 2016-10-01 to 2017-09-30

ENLARGE aims to generate and disseminate knowledge on collaborative governance with focus on sustainable energy, through a process of dialogue and exchange involving policymakers, civil society actors and practitioners.
ENLARGE identifies three different type of collaborative processes: co-design, co-production and co-evaluation processes. Notwithstanding the high potential of these processes as innovative and effective governance tools, practical evidence about their usefulness and sustainability for local administrators is still lacking, and local governments proceed mostly incrementally and unaware of potentials and pitfalls.
ENLARGE project aims to shed some light on the ‘how and why’ of co-design, co-production and co-evaluation processes in the field of sustainable energy through an intense policy dialogue between policy makers, experts in participatory governance and civil society actors. It also aims to develop knowledge on what favours or hampers the achievement of relevant results in this field.
In detail, the project intends to:
- EXPLORE – develop a conceptual and methodological framework of collaborative processes, especially in the field of sustainable energy
- EVALUATE – assess the outcomes of real practices and analysis of mechanisms and intervening factors favouring the effectiveness, institutional sustainability and social legitimacy of collaborative processes;
- PRODUCE - raise awareness among public administrators about the options at their disposal and the potential consequences of these choices, through a CYOA (choose-your-own-adventure book)
- COMMUNICATE and DISSEMINATE the project results.
The ENLARGE project started on 1st of October 2016 and will end on 30st of September 2018.
The 30th of September 2017 the ENLARGE project has reached the one-year milestone. In this period, the work group has conducted a significant work of research:
WP1 “Methodological approach” has aimed to develop a conceptual and methodological framework of collaborative processes, especially in the field of sustainable energy.
- The Conceptual report, delivered at the end of WP1 (D.1.1) and available on the project website ( contains the ENLARGE main methodological assumptions.
WP 2 “Engagement and identification of practices” has been aimed at engaging local actors to collect real experiences of participatory approaches in sustainable energy. More than 1000 local actors have been directly targeted by a wide communication campaign. Following the engagement process, 35 practices have been collected and 31 have been selected for an in-depth analysis.
- D.2.1 – ‘Report on participatory approaches in sustainable energy emerging from 'real life' practices’ is the output of WP2
WP 3 “Case studies” has aimed to provide an analysis of the 31 selected practices. Several deliverables have been produced in this WP:
- D.3.1 ‘Case studies’ contains the full version of the 31 case studies analysed.
- D.3.2 ‘Synthesis of case studies’ contains a brief synthesis of the 31 case studies in order to share knowledge on the different goals and tools of participatory processes in sustainable energy.
- D.3.3 ‘Online video-interviews’ contains 8 short videos ( explaining the ENLARGE project and telling the story of real experiences of participatory processes in sustainable energy.
- D.3.4 Report ‘Draft knowledge map’ synthesises information collected in WP1, WP2 and WP3.
- D.3.5 ‘List of participants to the deliberative event’ contains the list of people, involved in the 31 cases analysed, registered to the ENLARGE Deliberative Event.
As far as the communication and dissemination activities (WP6), the following deliverables have been produced:
- D.6.1 Communication plan
- D.6.2 Dissemination and final Exploitation Plan
- D.6.3 Project website
- D.6.4 Project logo and templates for all the project documents
- D.6.5 - 4 Newsletters delivered
- D.6.7 Two dissemination events organised: exchange of information and views among representatives of two other H2020 projects (FORCE project and the Sharing Cities project) dealing with energy issues; the first ENLARGE dissemination event in Mestre within the framework of the EU Sustainable Energy Week. A video (available on was realised to disseminate the project goals and challenges.
WP 7 includes the project coordination and monitoring. The following reports have been delivered in the period:
- D.7.1 - 1 Report of the high level advisory board
- D.7.2 - 2 Reports of the Steering group meetings
- D.7.3 Management plan
- D.7.4 - 1 Monitoring reports (M6)
In order to fill in the gap on structured evidence about the effectiveness, sustainability and legitimacy of participatory governance, the ENLARGE project aims to provide an answer to five questions:
- Which approaches, features and capacities are needed to ensure the effectiveness of participatory governance, namely its capacity to shape new and effective solutions?
- Which approaches, features and capacities can be used to improve the sustainability of participatory governance, namely its integration within the context and consolidated practices of public administrations?
- How can participatory governance be legitimated within and outside the administration, namely its capacity to gain consensus and support by the general citizenry and policy makers?
- Which risks/barriers hinder participatory governance and which mechanisms should be adopted in order to overcome them?

The project adopts a multi-actor (e.g. policy makers, social actors, practitioners, etc.) and participated approach (i.e. deliberative process, interactive tools, etc.) to build shared knowledge on these issues. Furthermore, by structuring knowledge on the above-mentioned questions through a new interactive knowledge tool on public participation (CYOA Book), the project aims to overcome two missed dimensions of traditional handbooks on participatory governance: i) reflections on perceived successful and unsuccessful experiences (in terms of effectiveness, sustainability and legitimacy); ii) the involvement of public institutions and citizens/stakeholders, engaged in participatory processes, as co-producers of a shared and constructive knowledge on the potentials and pitfalls of participatory governance in sustainable energy.
By generating and structuring knowledge and practical evidence on participatory governance in sustainable energy in partnership with all actors, the ultimate goal of the project is to boost actors’ confidence in the added value of participatory governance in this field.

The expected impacts of the ENLARGE project are the following:
- Complexifying knowledge on participatory tools and approaches by highlighting that, behind ‘best practices’ (but also supposed bad practices),there can be numerous design and management choices, each of which deserves careful consideration and reflection in order to understand which implications derive from sequences of choices and interactions within specific contexts
- Improving awareness of local public administrators/stakeholders on the importance of reasoned participatory governance applied to sustainable energy issues as a way of increasing quality, solidity, effectiveness, sustainability and legitimacy of such policies
- Enhancing effectiveness, sustainability and legitimacy of the participatory processes
Participants to the ENLARGE Steering Group Meeting
Participants to the ENLARGE Steering Group Meeting
The ENLARGE project logo