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INNovative Cost Improvements for BALANCE of Plant Components of Automotive PEMFC Systems

Periodic Reporting for period 2 - INN-BALANCE (INNovative Cost Improvements for BALANCE of Plant Components of Automotive PEMFC Systems)

Reporting period: 2018-07-01 to 2019-12-31

The aim of INN-BALANCE is to develop a novel and integrated development platform for developing advanced Balance of Plant components in current fuel cell based vehicles, in order to improve their efficiency and reliability, reducing costs and presenting a stable supply chain to the European car manufacturers and system integrators. Accordingly, INN-BALANCE technical objectives are (i) to develop highly efficient and reliable fuel cell BoP components; (ii) to reduce costs of current market products in fuel cell systems; (iii) to achieve high technology readiness levels (TRL7 or higher) in all the tackled developments; and (iv) to improve and tailor development tools for design, modelling and testing innovative components in fuel cell based vehicles. To this end, a European Consortium composed by major automotive companies, consulting groups, research institutes and universities was established. INN-BALANCE will be focused on four main general topics; first of all on new components developments, addressing the latest changes and trends in fuel cells vehicles technology, from new air turbo-compressor, anode recirculation/injection module and advanced control/diagnosis devices to new concepts of thermal management and anti-freeze units based on standard automotive components; secondly, on the vehicle integration and validation of the components in a TRL7 platform placed at a well-known car manufacturing platform; thirdly, providing innovative and cost optimized manufacturing processes especially developed for automotive BoP components; finally, on the results dissemination and exploitation, new technology broadcasting and public awareness of new, low-cost and reliable clean energy solutions in Europe bringing at the same time highly qualified new job opportunities.
All BoP components (anode, cathode, cooling) have been developed and tested at subsystem level. Currently, the joint work of testing of the overall system and integration in the automotive platform provided by CEVT is ongoing.
The progress beyond the state of the art is based on the following publications:
- PEM automotive stack model with experimental validation
- Enhancing the Efficiency and Lifetime of a Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell using Nonlinear Model Predictive Control with Nonlinear Observation
- Methanol as antifreeze agent for cold start of automotive polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells
- PEM automotive stack model with experimental validation
- Load profile effect on durability of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells
- Adaptive PI Control with Robust Variable Structure Anti-windup Strategy for Systems with Rate-Limited Actuators: Application to Compression Systems

The expect results until the end of the project are the validation of the different technologies developed at the vehicle level, under realistic conditions.
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