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Patents as Scientific Information, 1895-2020

Objective

“History will remember Barack Obama as the great Slayer of Patent Trolls.” The headline from the 2014 March 20 issue of Wired credits POTUS with, perhaps, an unexpected feat. Referring to companies in the sole business of enforcing patents beyond their actual value, trolls are a recent installment in the history of an intellectual property whose ubiquitousness the Latin word PASSIM (“here and there, everywhere”) neatly captures. In the eye of the storm stands the patent bargain: disclosure of information in return for a limited monopoly. This contractual moment makes patents a source of information, the basis of new innovation. Or does it? By posing this simple question, PASSIM’s bold take on the legitimacy of intellectual property in the governance of informational resources follow patents as legal and informational documents during three historical “patent phases,” producing a visionary and theoretically savvy interpretation of intellectual property that stems from its humanities-based and interdisciplinary project design. PASSIM shows a way out of current analytical gridlocks that earmark the understanding of the role of intellectual property in knowledge infrastructures—most notably the enclosure/openness dichotomy—and provides a fresh take on the complexity of informational processes. A key steppingstone in the PI’s career, her own contribution to PASSIM will be a work of synthesis, highlighting major tendencies in the history of patents as scientific information from 1895 to the present. Four complementary empirical studies target specific themes that strengthen PASSIM’s validity and impact: questions of copyrights in patents, scientists’ patenting strategies both historically and today, the relationship between bibliometrics and patentometrics, and the status of the patent as a legal and informational document. Outputs include workshops, articles, monographs, policy papers and documentation of the project’s experiences with interdisciplinary self-reflexivity.

Host institution

LINKOPINGS UNIVERSITET
Net EU contribution
€ 1 739 211,85
Address
Campus Valla
581 83 Linkoping
Sweden

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Region
Östra Sverige Östra Mellansverige Östergötlands län
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Non-EU contribution
€ 0,00

Beneficiaries (4)

LINKOPINGS UNIVERSITET
Sweden
Net EU contribution
€ 1 739 211,85
Address
Campus Valla
581 83 Linkoping

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Region
Östra Sverige Östra Mellansverige Östergötlands län
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Non-EU contribution
€ 0,00
UNIVERSITY OF KENT
United Kingdom
Net EU contribution
€ 141 248,56
Address
The Registry Canterbury
CT2 7NZ Canterbury, Kent

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Region
South East (England) Kent East Kent
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Non-EU contribution
€ 0,00
HOEGSKOLAN I BORAS
Sweden
Net EU contribution
€ 267 779,26
Address
Allegatan 1
50190 Boras

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Region
Södra Sverige Västsverige Västra Götalands län
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Non-EU contribution
€ 0,00
THE NOBEL CENTER FOUNDATION
Sweden
Net EU contribution
€ 113 283,06
Address
Stiftelsen Nobel Center
10245 Stockholm

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Region
Östra Sverige Stockholm Stockholms län
Activity type
Other
Non-EU contribution
€ 0,00