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The Demonstration of Waste Biomass to Synthetic Fuels and Green Hydrogen

Deliverables

Final public oriented report and public outreach programme complete

Final public oriented report and public outreach programme complete This public engagement will be complemented by a tour in a vehicle fuelled by liquids from the plant which WRG Europe will coordinate This will be complemented by an engaging educational YouTube series that will be filmed during the tour covering different aspects of the technology which will be targeted towards the general public to boost consumer acceptance and public awareness To be completed between months 12 and 62 Refers to task 99

Feedstock composition and system mass/energy balance

Feedstock composition and system mass/energy balance. To determine feedstock composition and mass/energy balances to inform design specifications and reactor design limits. This task will also establish mass and energy balances for the system to understand flowrates, and process heat/cooling demands. Results and operational experience from a dedicated 30kg/h pilot plant at FRA will be used as guidelines for the design. To be carried out until M4. Refers to task 2.1

Map and quantification of all inputs and outputs for TCR 300 and integrated TCR/PSA/HDO plant

Map and quantification of all inputs and outputs for TCR 300 and integrated TCR/PSA/HDO plant. Data will be collected from demonstration-scale facilities (WP 3 and 4) to quantify relevant energy and material inputs and outputs of the TCR/PSA/HDO system and create an inventory referred to the functional unit. The data will be used to map the inputs and outputs of each process which will be used for the LCA modelling. This is to be completed between months 10-15. Refers to task 6.3

Definition of scope of sustainability metrics

Definition of scope of sustainability metrics. The will define the scope of the LCA in order to determine the methods and the choices that will be adopted during the study. This is to be completed between months 5 and 10. Refers to task 6.2

GHG savings quantified

GHG savings quantified This is designed to facilitate the completion of all calculations needed to assess the calculation of Greenhouse gas GHG emission savings of the biofuel produced in the Project Using the data gathered in the previous tasks the Greenhouse gas GHG emission savings of the biofuel produced in the Project will be determined This will be completed between months 19 and 56 Refers to task 65

Catalogue of regulatory issues

Catalogue of regulatory issues. An intelligence and preparatory action aimed at collecting and sharing specific knowledge to better implement project actions and successful solutions delivered by the project in the follow up. The final output is a document and a highly informative, easy to use and simple database. The results will be instrumental to T8.2 and T8.3. This is to be completed in months 3 and 14. Refers to task 8.4

Performance results of residual syngas for CHP generation

Performance results of residual syngas for CHP generation Performance of theresidual syngas fuel will be monitored to obtain combustion knocking emissions and energy efficiency data This is to be completed between months 43 and 60 Refers to task 45

Evaluation of occupational health risks associated to the integrated TCR/PSA/HDO technology

Evaluation of occupational health risks associated to the integrated TCRPSAHDO technology The main exposure scenarios during the production process of the fuels will be defined and the occupational health risks associated to the exposure to chemical substances will be evaluated This will be completed by month 60 Refers to task 52

Social sustainability report describing the social impact of the 5 TCR/PSA/HDO expected on the local and regional community and project stakeholders

Social sustainability report describing the social impact of the 5 TCRPSAHDO expected on the local and regional community and project stakeholders This is to be completed by month 60 Refers to work package 5

Conference day proceedings

Conference day proceedings To engage with the international community of bioenergy engineers and researchers as well as international industries at least 2 halfday workshops will be held during the European Biomass Conference and Exhibition thatis organized annually by ETA A final project conference will also be organized 1 full day targeting the international research community industries financial institutions and regulators This is to be completed between months 6 and 62 This refers to task 96

Comprehensive environmental sustainability report

Comprehensive environmental sustainability report This will be completed in month 62 and refers mainly to work carried out in work package 6

Performance results of char for generation of energy through gasification

Performance results of char for generation of energy through gasification Tests using biochar will be performed in a pilot scale updraft gasifier located at Fraunhofer Syngas compositional analysis calorific value tar formation and gasifier performance will be monitored and recorded to determine the feasibility of using char from organic wastes as a fuel for gasifiers To be completed between months 41 and 59 Refers to task 46

LCA of commercial scale TCR/PSA/HDO unit

LCA of commercial scale TCRPSAHDO unit This will forecast the environmental and health impacts of a commercial TCRPSAHDO system applying a scaleup approach The results obtained by Aspen Plus on energy and material balances as well as on thepreliminary sizing of major units will allow the estimation of the overall process conversions the energy consumption both thermal and electric and the waste stream production This will be completed between months 24 and 56 Refers to task 66

Pot trials complete and report analyzing the ability for nutrient uptake from char and ash

Pot trials complete and report analyzing the ability for nutrient uptake from char and ash The ash contains nutrients mainly phosphorus and potassium that can be used for nutrient loops in agriculture or horticulture The plant availability of the containednutrients within the various ash types bottom and fly ash will be investigated through pot and germination tests at lab scale To be completed between months 42 and 64 Refers to task 46

State of the art LCA model for TCR application selected

State of the art LCA model for TCR application selected. Establishment of state of the art LCA approaches applied to bio-refinery systems will be assessed and taken into consideration for the selection process. A full LCA review publication will be disseminated through this task. This will be completed between months 1 and 6. Refers to task 6.1

Data sets from upgrading of chars to improve plant effluent water quality

Data sets from upgrading of chars to improve plant effluent water quality The sorption capacity of the chars produced by the demonstrator will be further assessed for nutrients phosphorus and nitrogen reduction and ability to reduce Organic load CODlevel reduction in waste plant effluent water This is to be completed between months 42 and 64 Refers to task 47

Business potential analysis report

Business potential analysis report This will build on the scenario analysis from T72 to deliver estimates of the business potential of the technology The analysiswill be complemented by a comprehensive assessment of competing technologies for similar feedstock to product value chains The results from Tasks 7173 will be summarised in a Business Potential Report The report will be developed with the support and input from ENG and FRA This will be complted between months 42 and 57

Map of scenarios for alternative use of feedstocks

Map of scenarios for alternative use of feedstocks. Scenarios analysing of alternative uses of the feedstock will be generated together with the feedstock suppliers. This is to be completed between months 10-15. Refers to task 6.3

Characterisation of synthetic diesel and synthetic gasoline fractions

Analysis of each gasoline and diesel fraction will be executed for the evaluation of combustion properties by chemical physical characterization and performing by engine combustion teat according to European standards emission cycles for fossil fuels Testing should evaluate suitability of HDO oil for blending with conventional fossil fuels as refinery feed To be completed between months 46 and 58 Refers to task 43

Full ash characterization in terms of heavy metals

Full ash characterization in terms of heavy metals Ash from the plant as receivedas well as post gasification will be fully characterized in terms of their heavy metal concentrations To be completed between months 41 and 52 Refers to task 46

Description of consumer perceptions towards synthetic fuel products

Description of consumer perceptions towards synthetic fuel products. A set of socio-economic indicators will be defined in order to evaluate the socio-economic impacts of the project. The methodology will be based on the Guidelines for Social Life Cycle Assessment developed by SETAC. This is to be completed between months 18 and 40. Refers to task 5.1

Data describing consistency of feedstock composition.

Data describing consistency of feedstock composition Chemical and physical analysis of all feedstock inputs Full feedstock characterisation will be achieved using proximate and ultimate analysis techniques applied according to ASTM standard test methods for biomass Continuous analysis of the feedstock will determine any fluctuations or variations of feedstock quality and characteristics entering thedemonstration plant This is to be completed between months 30 and 61 Refers to task 41

Map of positive and negative perceptions of local/regional stakeholders towards the integrated TCR/PSA/HDO technology

Map of positive and negative perceptions of localregional stakeholders towards the integrated TCRPSAHDO technology Fields of interest 21 subcategories in the SETAC nomenclature will be identified and classified depending upon the project relevance for instance fair salary equal opportunities community engagement localemployment Technology development transparency supplier relationship new legislation and funding programs etc The best suited socioeconomic indicators related to the fields of interest mentioned above will be determined taking into account their relevance the data availability the possibility to be assessed etcThis is to be completed between months 18 and 58 Refers to task 51

Validation of synthetic fuels as fuel analogue based on 50000 mile engines test

Validation of synthetic fuels as fuel analogue based on 50000 mile engines test This task will deliver full quantification of performance combustion and emissions characteristics of the synthetic fuel over 50 000 miles of engine lifetime Data will be logged throughout to monitor emissions and engine performance and regular 6000 miles service intervals will enable the engine to be assessed for any damage related to the synthetic fuels vs normal use This is to be completed between months 46 and 60 Refers to task 44

Regulatory impacts and risks scenarios in business development

Regulatory impacts on the project and risks scenarios in business development During the entire duration of the project FRA with the help of UNIBO and LEI together with input from project partners will follow the implementation intervening where needed to examine specific problems and issues Based on the catalogue of the possible regulatory occurrences T85 all risks will be assessed and translated into preventive actionsThis is to be completed between months 3 and 65 Refers to task 85

A full range of analytical data on feedstocks, products and wastes produced by the demonstration, combined with successful testing for use of the fuels produced in road applications.

A full range of analytical data on feedstocks products and wastes produced by the demonstration combined with successful testing for use of the fuels produced in road applications Refers to work package 4

Demonstration of an integrated TCR/PSA/HDO plant at Hohenburg using locally sourced feedstocks.

Demonstration of an integrated TCR/PSA/HDO plant at Hehnburg using locally sourced feedstocks. To be completed by month 65. Refers to WP3.

Fully assembled integrated plant

Fully assembled and integrated plant. Integrated plant component fabrication and reactor assembly incl. auxiliaries and containerised housing. This will involve the procurement of key reactor auxiliary components, housing, motors, gaskets, valves, instrumentation gauges as well as fabrication of the main plant components. The assembly of the unit incl. fabrication of specialized components and further auxiliary components. This is to be completed between months 8 and 46. Refers to task 2.7

A Fully Operational TCR/HDO/PSA Plant

A Fully Operational TCR/HDO/PSA Plant. To be completed by month 49. Refers to work package 2.

Mass and energy balance for plant at steady state

Mass and energy balance for plant at steady state. Steady state operation of plant to validate mass and energy flows feeding into work packages 6 and 7. Refers to task 3.1.

Plant decommissioned

Plant decommissioned The final activity under this work package will be the decommissioning disassembly and removal of the TCR plant from Hohenburg To be completed in month 65 Refers to task 36

Safety tested and fully operational TCR/PSA/HDO plant

Safety tested and fully operational TCR/PSA/HDO plant. Integrated plant safety tests and cold/ hot phase commissioning. This task requires the cold and hot phase commissioning of the integrated plant, incl. pressure tests and feedstockflow trail runs. To be completed between months 39 and 49. Refers to task 2.8

Hosted TO-SYN-FUEL demonstration days

Hosted TOSYNFUEL demonstration days Direct engagement with stakeholders will be sought via a series of demonstration days in order to give a live demonstration of the working plant to potential early adopters of the technology and to all the actors of the supply chain At least 2 demonstration days will be organized in Hohenburg to present the TCR technology once the pilot plant will be operativeThis is to be completed between months 26 and 54 Refers to task 95

Branding materials

Visual identity and project branding material. All partners will be provided with these materials and will be asked to distribute it at events, workshops and all other opportunities to raise awareness on the project. This is to be completed between months 1 and 4 and refers to task 9.2

Website and social media feeds online

Website and social media feeds online. A project’s website will be published by month 3, in order to raise awareness about the project’s activities. All the website content will be promoted via social media (mainly linkedin and twitter) and electronic newsletter Social media engagement will be sought also through the launch of initiatives such as hashtags to engage with the general public, surveys and spontaneous public consultations among social media users (mainly Linkedin, Twitter). This will be completed between months 1 and 3 and refers to task 9.3

List of publications in trade magazines

List of publications in trade magazines This will summarize the results of the project in a fact based public oriented document The publication will thus feature chapters on the technology the feedstock the end uses LCA and sustainability risk management technoeconomic assessments and business cases This will be carried out between months 12 and 62 and refers to task 97

Final press review

Press release and newsletters At least 4 press releases will be published one at the launch of the project one at midterm one before the final event and one at the end of the projectThis is to be completed between months 165 and refers to task 94

Publications

Synthetic fuels and green hydrogen from organic waste biomass

Author(s): Robert Daschner
Published in: Open Access Government, Issue January 2019, 2019, Page(s) 1, ISSN 2516-3817
Publisher: Adjacent Digital Politics Ltd

Thermo-Catalytic Reforming (TCR®) in demonstration scale to convert biogenic residues into different products for a low carbon economy

Author(s): Robert Daschner
Published in: Open Access Government, Issue January 2020, 2020, Page(s) 2, ISSN 2516-3817
Publisher: Adjacent Digital Politics Ltd

The implementation of a green waste valorisation technology to produce value-added products from sewage sludge

Author(s): Robert Daschner
Published in: Open Access Government, Issue April 2019, 2019, Page(s) 2, ISSN 2516-3817
Publisher: Adjacent Digital Politics Ltd

Fully assembled & integrated plant to produce advanced biofuels

Author(s): Robert Daschner
Published in: Open Access Government, Issue April 2022, 2022, Page(s) 2, ISSN 2516-3817
Publisher: Adjacent Digital Politics Ltd

TO-SYN-FUEL, The Demonstration of Waste Biomass to Synthetic Fuels and Green Hydrogen, European Commission Horizon2020 programme

Author(s): Robert Daschner, Thorsten Hornung, Miloud Ouadi, Christopher Tuck, Stefano Capaccioli
Published in: Impact, Issue 2018/6, 2018, Page(s) 73-75, ISSN 2398-7073
Publisher: Science Impact Ltd
DOI: 10.21820/23987073.2018.6.73

To-Syn-Fuel Project Implements a New Integrated Process to Produce Synthetic Fuels

Author(s): Hornung, A., Daschner, R., Eder, S., Ouadi, M., Jahangiri, H., Graute, L., Zhou, J., Lieftink, D., Grassi, A., Capaccioli, S., Contin, A., Righi, S., Marazza, D., Lama, V., Rapone, I., Langley, M., Tuck, C., Claret Carles, A.
Published in: 29th EUBCE - 2021, Proceedings, Issue July 2021, annually, 2021, Page(s) 10, ISBN 978-88-89407-21-9
Publisher: ETA s.r.l.
DOI: 10.5071/29theubce2021-bp.1.2

To-Syn-Fuel Project to Convert Sewage Sludge in Value-Added Products

Author(s): Hornung, A., Daschner, R., Ouadi, M., Zhou, J., Lieftink, D., Grassi, A., Capaccioli, S., Contin, A., Righi, S., Marazza, D., Baioli, F., Rapone, I., Langley, M., Tuck, C., Claret, A., Bastos, Proceedings, J.
Published in: 28th EUBCE - 2020, Proceedings, Issue September 2020, annually, 2020, Page(s) 6, ISBN 978-88-89407-20-2
Publisher: ETA s.r.l.
DOI: 10.5071/28theubce2020-3bo.11.4

To-Syn-Fuel: Turning Sewage Sludge into Fuels and Hydrogen

Author(s): Hornung, A., Apfelbacher, A., Daschner, R., Jäger, N., Ouadi, M., Hornung, T., Möbus, M., de Wit, E., Capaccioli, S., Contin, A., Righi, S., Marazza, D., Miglio, R., Peltenburg, A., Tuck, C., Sijstermans, L., Bastos, J.
Published in: 26th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition (EUBCE) - 2018, Proceedings, Issue July 2018, annually, 2018, Page(s) 4, ISBN 978-88-89407-18-9
Publisher: ETA s.r.l.
DOI: 10.5071/26thEUBCE2018-3DO.6.5

Life cycle assessment applied to biofuels from sewage sludge: definition of system boundaries and scenarios

Author(s): Serena Righi, Filippo Baioli, Diego Marazza, Roberto Porcelli, Andrea Contin
Published in: Proceedings of the 12th Italian LCA Network Conference, Messina, 11-12th June 2018, Issue November 2018, Annually, 2018, Page(s) 10, ISBN 978-88-8286-372-2
Publisher: ENEA

Greenhouse Gas Emissions Calculations of Biofuel from Municipal Sewage Sludge: a Comparison of Assessment Tools

Author(s): Baioli, F., Marazza, D., Valmori, G., Righi, S.
Published in: 29th EUBCE - 2021, Proceedings, Issue July 2021, annually, 2021, Page(s) 5, ISBN 978-88-89407-21-9
Publisher: ETA-Florence Renewable Energies
DOI: 10.5071/29theubce2021-4av.5.5

Thermo-catalytic Reforming (TCR®) in Demonstration Scale - Experiences from Scale Up

Author(s): Daschner, R., Apfelbacher, A., Walberer, J., Hornung, A.
Published in: 27th EUBCE - 2019, Proceedings, Issue July 2019, annually, 2019, Page(s) 4, ISBN 978-88-89407-19-6
Publisher: ETA-Florence
DOI: 10.5071/27theubce2019-3do.3.1

To-Syn-Fuel Project and the Sustainable Process for Waste Biomass Conversion

Author(s): Hornung, A.; Daschner, R.; Eder, S.; Apfelbacher, A.; Ouadi, M.; Jahangiri, H.; Majewski, A.; Graute, L.; Zhou, J.; Lieftink, D.; Grassi, A.; Capaccioli, S.; Contin, A.; Righi, S.; Marazza, D.; Lama, V.; Macrelli, S.; Rapone, I.; Chiaberge, S.; Langley, M.; Tuck, C.; Claret Carles, A.
Published in: 30th EUBCE - 2022, Proceedings, Issue July 2022, annually, 2022, Page(s) 8
Publisher: ETA s.r.l.

Thermo-Catalytic Reforming (TCR)–An important link between waste management and renewable fuels as part of the energy transition

Author(s): Andreas Hornung, Hessam Jahangiri, Miloud Ouadi, Christopher Kick, Lisa Deinert, Benedikt Meyer, Jan Grunwald, Robert Daschner, Andreas Apfelbacher, Martin Meiller, Stefan Eder
Published in: Applications in Energy and Combustion Science, Issue 2666352X, 2022, Page(s) 12, ISSN 2666-352X
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd.
DOI: 10.1016/j.jaecs.2022.100088

Pore development during CO2 and H2O activation associated with the catalytic role of inherent inorganics in sewage sludge char and its performance during the reforming of volatiles

Author(s): Agnieszka Korus, Juan-Pablo Gutierrez, Andrzej Szlęk, Jacek Jagiello, Andreas Hornung
Published in: Chemical Engineering Journal, Issue 13858947, 2022, Page(s) 13, ISSN 1385-8947
Publisher: Elsevier BV
DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2022.137298

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