Periodic Reporting for period 1 - NWICWEP (NON-WESTERN MILITARY INTERVENTIONS AND THE CHARACTER OF WARFARE IN THE EUROPEAN PERIPHERY)
Reporting period: 2018-09-01 to 2020-08-31
Understanding these conflicts is very important as they represent a significant challenge to international and regional security as well as having huge humanitarian costs in terms of the numbers killed and displaced. This research has sought to understand some of the key dynamics better so as to be able to advise governments and other stakeholders on what to do (and what not to) in response to these and other future conflicts.
The overall objective of this project is to assess how the character of conflict involving non-Western military powers differs from general conceptualizations of recent warfare (and each other). It aims also to assess the extent to which these conflicts show similarities and differences from recent Western wars and the similarities and differences between these conflicts themselves.
The project has developed important insights into the comparative character of jihadist groups in West Africa and the responses of West African states and significant findings into the military practice of militant groups in Iraq/Syria, Yemen and Nigeria. It has also explored the character of 'remote warfare' as conducted by Saudi Arabia and the UAE in Yemen (article currently under review). It also explored how comparative area studies provides an important lens onto these issues. It had so far produced four research articles published and another two under review.
The project has also set in train new research that will continue after the project with the PI winning in Oct 2020 a British Academy/Global Challenges Research Fund to comparatively explore miltant groups in the Sahel.
The project also has also explored the character of non-Western remote warfare (in the Middle East) and assessed how this compares to recent Western remote warfare. It has also conducted further research on the revolutionary warfare of insurgent violence in Nigeria and the challenges this poses for the Nigerian state.
During this fellowship research was discussed directly with EU officials in Brussels and Lebanon and a range of policy actors in London and at ECOWAS in Nigeria. Short, policy-maker friendly blog pieces were also produced and distributed via popular and well-read sites such as the LSE Africa Blog