Periodic Reporting for period 1 - TISSUENEU (Role of infiltrating neutrophils in tissue homeostasis)
Reporting period: 2017-05-01 to 2019-04-30
Understanding neutrophils heterogeneity and its impact in tissue physiology is of the utmost importance because different types of neutrophils act as disease-modifying factor in several pathological conditions including cancer, stroke, myocardial infarction, autoimmune disease or tuberculosis. In this research project, we aim to provide a characterization of neutrophil heterogeneity and function during homeostasis. This information will provide a molecular and functional roadtrip of neutrophils biology during health that is currently missing, and will allow exploring how disease shape this heterogeneity and how this affect tissue homeostasis. Our final aim to identify the molecular mechanisms that modulate neutrophil diversity and to develop novel therapeutic approaches to fight disease.
Our results highlight a process of tissue imprinting of neutrophils in the steady state that can be detected even at the protein or RNA level. We characterized a previously undescribed remarkable transcriptional heterogeneity of these cells that accommodates to their target tissue and strongly predicts novel functions of these cells they leave the circulation, including vascular growth in the lungs and intestine. Our data suggest that tissular cues exploit neutrophil plasticity for the unique demands of each organ and indicate that neutrophil heterogeneity is important for normal tissue physiology.