Glare employed both quantitative and qualitative methods, and compared textual patterns along two main dimensions: in children’s literature over time and between fiction and non-fiction texts. Our primary data sources were two corpora of children’s literature: the 19th century corpus of children’s literature (ChiLit), which was specifically compiled for GLARE and is now publicly available and searchable through the CLiC web application (clic.bham.ac.uk
) and a corpus of contemporary children’s fiction, which we were able to access through working with our partner institution, Oxford University Press. The non-fictional texts were sourced from the Times Digital Archive. In our analysis, we treated gender as a binary, because of our starting point in the 19th century. Our results focus on two main areas: Firstly, by identifying, quantifying and categorising character “types”, e.g. mother or king, we were able to provide an overview of the gendered fictional society that is shared across a large set of books. Secondly, by focusing on patterns of body language presentation we were able to trace changes in way in which body language reflected gendered behaviour.
The GLARE findings were communicated through a range of channels
1. The project webpage (https://www.birmingham.ac.uk/glare
) with its blog and Twitter account.
2. The interdisciplinary GLARE symposium held in April 2019 at the University of Birmingham
3. Presentations at 10 international conferences
4. At least 3 publications are currently in preparation, one of them an edited collection based on the GLARE symposium.