Periodic Reporting for period 2 - ENTPAR (Entangled Parliamentarisms: Constitutional Practices in Russia, Ukraine, China and Mongolia, 1905–2005)
Reporting period: 2019-10-01 to 2021-03-31
The project investigates the ways in which political institutions function and accumulates new data on democratic institutions in Eurasia. The imperial and post-imperial developments in Eurasia are crucial for understanding the global spread of parliaments, both potent and façade. Understanding why over the twentieth century most governments introduced a parliament, but at the same time why many of them ended up having only a façade one is important in the context of the ongoing debates on democracy, social justice, and diversity management. Furthermore, the resilience of authoritarian regimes requires further research on how institutions function.
An important objective of the project is to determine how the shared imperial experiences with parliamentarism in the Russian and Qing Empires and the imperial and post-imperial transformations, which witnessed the rise of nationalism and socialism, led to the emergence of a variety of parliamentary institutions, such as duma, soviet, dahui, yuan, rada, khural, and others. Another objective is to understand the political languages by scrutinizing unique and shared concepts. A further objective is to specify the key factors in the emergence, development, and collapse of parliamentary institutions under different regimes, including those dominated by a single party. Finally, it is important to determine what role diversity played in the development of Eurasian parliamentary institutions and their difference from Western European and American counterparts.