Periodic Reporting for period 2 - PALaC (Pre-Classical Anatolian Languages in Contact)
Reporting period: 2019-08-01 to 2021-01-31
Organization of events: the first PALaC workshop ""Languages and Cultures in Contact in the Ancient Mediterranean"" took place in Verona on February 21-22, 2019. The seminar ""Incontri sulla cultura e la lingua indo-europee"" was organized in Verona on May 15-17, 2019. The second PALaC workshop ""Languages and Cultures in Contact in the Ancient Mediterranean"" was planned to take place on February 27-28, 2020, but the outbreak of the COVID-19 emergency in Northern Italy prevented it from taking place. A workshop on language contact in Anatolia within the international conference Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale was planned for July 2020 in Germany, in cooperation with Dr Zsolt Simon (Munich University, member of the DFG project EDiANA). Unfortunately, we had to cancel it due to the pandemic and it will be replaced by the publication of a volume of proceedings (that is currently being edited by us and written by the authors whose abstract had been approved and selected by Dr Simon and the PI).
Participation in conferences: the team member presented several papers at conferences. A list of the events that were attended or organized by the PALaC team is available at the project website https://www.ercpalac.info/news-events.
Publication of early and intermediate results: the work performed by the PALaC team of researchers led to the publication of large number of articles and chapters already during the first 30 months. A list (also including papers that are being evaluated or about to be submitted) is available at the project website http://ercpalac.info/resources.
Implementation of project website: the project website is available at with a wiki subdomain containing our metalinguistic lexicon: https://wiki.ercpalac.info/index.php?title=Multilingual_document."
So far, PALaC has already produced significant innovative results. For the Bronze Age, the most significant result is a description of all the patterns of morphological adaptation of borrowed nominals in Hittite. An extensive article on this topic is currently in press for the proceedings of the 2019 Tagung of the Indogermanische Gesellschaft (""Grammatical categories in contact: Gender assignment criteria in the Hittite borrowings from the neighboring languages"", forthcoming in the acts of the Arbeitstagung of the Indogermanische Gesellschaft, Ljubljana 2019).
Other significant results regard the analysis of Luvic onomastic material from the Middle Bronze Age texts from Kaneš (to appear in an article by the PI, ""I luvi a Kaneš e i loro nomi"", in the journal Aula Orientalis) and the multilingual lexical lists from Late Bronze Age Hattuša (""KUB 37.122: A Mesopotamian Lexical List?"", in Vicino Oriente XXIII).
Regarding the Iron Age, the team was able to propose an interpretation of the Aramaic dialect of the Kingodom of Sa'mal as a language grammatically influenced by Luwian (""The population, the language and the history of Yadiya/Sam’al"", in press in proceedings of the conference ""Beyond Boundaries"", Ascona 2018). Innovative proposals on evidence of Lycian-Greek contacts in multilingual documents have been made within Work Packages 2 and 3 (""Linguistic strategies in filiation formulas: data from Lycian-Greek bilingual texts"", in Incontri Linguistici 42).
As regards the historical viewpoint, the most significant result is a new interpretation of the Aegean-Anatolian political and cultural contacts in the Final Bronze Age, which combines the linguistic evidence with the historical one. Innovative work is also being carried out on historical geography and areal connectivity in the Middle and Late Bronze age is producing innovative results on the chronology and location of the contacts between the main cultures (and therefore languages and traditions) within and around Anatolia."