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Capacity with a pOsitive enviRonmEntal and societAL footprInt: portS in the future era

Periodic Reporting for period 2 - COREALIS (Capacity with a pOsitive enviRonmEntal and societAL footprInt: portS in the future era)

Reporting period: 2019-11-01 to 2021-04-30

COREALIS proposes a strategic, innovative framework, supported by disruptive technologies, including Internet of Things (IoT), data analytics, next generation traffic management and emerging 5G networks, for cargo ports to handle upcoming and future capacity, traffic, efficiency and environmental challenges. The proposed beyond state of the art innovations, target to increase efficiency and optimize land use, while being financially viable, respecting circular economy principles and being of service to the urban environment.

The innovations were implemented and deployed in real operating conditions in 5 Living Labs, namely Piraeus port, Valencia port, Antwerp port, Livorno port and Haminakotka port

These port-driven technological and societal innovations are tailored to realize COREALIS high level objectives, which are focused on:

a) Embracing circular economy models in port strategy and operations.

b) Reducing the port’s total environmental footprint associated with intermodal connections and the surrounding urban environment for three major transport modes, road/truck, rail and inland waterways.

c) Improving operational efficiency, optimizing yard capacity and streamlining cargo flows without additional infrastructural investments.

d) Enabling the port to take informed medium-term and long-term strategic decisions and become an innovation hub of the local urban space.

The aforementioned objectives were fulfilled through the implementation of a 3-step ‘Stakeholder driven approach’ methodology, which started with the identification of port requirements (technical, operational, societal, environmental, legal, security etc.) (Phase 1), continued with the technical design and development of COREALIS innovations (Phase 2), and ended with COREALIS Innovations Impact Assessment and Living Labs (LLs) full-scale implementation (Phase 3).
During the project partners managed to engage port-city stakeholders and hold five focus group sessions, one for each Living Lab. Through the focus group meetings, literature review, interviews and an online questionnaire answered by more than 100 respondents, the user requirements for COREALIS innovation were extracted and documented. The relative KPIs were identified and baselines and target values were set in order to make the effect of the innovations measurable.
Despite the challenges caused by COVID-19 pandemic that severely affected Europe since February 2020, COREALIS innovations were successfully deployed in the Living Labs. The entire testing period was carried out in an environment affected by the effects of the pandemic but the project managed to finish as planned. The four main objectives of the project were successfully met and the evaluation of the results revealed the potential of reduction of at least 45.000 tons of CO2 emissions.
COREALIS innovations may have been developed and deployed in the five LLs of the project with transferability being a main concern for all innovations. The TAS has been deployed in two LLs during the project and has been developed with a modular structure to enable or disable the use of the ETA module. The TAS can be transferred to any port or terminal (airports, warehouse clusters, borders, secure industrial sites, military camps etc) with gate operations, with minor modifications possibly in the GUI and layout setup that can be made by the user and are related to the time length of the slots, the capacity in terms of trucks per slot, the number of gate lanes etc. The Marketplace is transferable to any cluster were asset sharing and localization trucking applies. Admin users can initiate the master data (i.e. asset part numbers, unit of measure, lending slots etc) and post assets for sharing using a user friendly GUI. The PORTMOD what-if scenarios can be used to determine optimal positioning of containers in any yard (seaports, inland terminals, transport depots) provided that the layout of the yard is being defined and historical container movement data are made available. RTPORT can be used by any bulk terminal with 5G infrastructure to support it, provided that the yard layout (berthing places, storage areas and dimensions) are initialized. The PREDICTOR applies to any organization operating a fleet. It has been developed so that historical data can be uploaded in simple delimited format that can be easily extracted from legacy applications (TOS, ERP, Asset Management Systems, WMS etc). The training algorithm will use the uploaded data to establish the model and make a relative prediction for the requested period. The CFO is applicable to any multimodal terminal and operates similar to the PREDICTOR in terms that provided historical data are made available, route and transport mode alternatives can be calculated. The PoFSG decision impact model is applicable to any seaport. Transferring it to other ports would require the update of the digital version with the specifics of the port and possibly the inclusion of more decision cards with case specific measures. The JIT Rail Shuttle services methodology can be used by any seaport with rail access as a base to develop a similar study. The results of the Green Cookbook and the Innovation Incubator are applicable only at the COREALIS ports that implemented them but the positive results of both innovations can be used as input to initiate similar practices in ports of the similar size with Piraeus and Valencia.
COREALIS advanced in predictive analytics for dynamic port asset management, process modelling and optimisation for efficient ‘pit-stop’ operations and optimisation of port specific operations.

A Port of the Future Serious Game was developed to raise awareness of port authorities and policy makers in a fictional surrounding thus providing support to the creation of tailor-made port plans and involve related stakeholders.

COREALIS Innovations have achieved the following socio-economic impacts:

a) Reduction of impact on climate change and the environment of port activities
b) Reduction in port operational and infrastructural costs
c) Improvement of logistics efficiency and optimisation the supply chain
d) To enable better integration of the port in the surrounding socio-economic area, including city-port relations and the smart urban development of Port Cities
COREALIS Web Homepage
COREALIS Innovations Disk