Periodic Reporting for period 1 - GenTime (Temporal structures of gender inequalities in Asian and Western welfare regimes)
Reporting period: 2018-10-01 to 2020-03-31
In addition to these dissimilarities in the trends for the total work, we also spot a number of similarities between Western and East Asian societies. For example, the gender convergence in domestic work is happening both in Western societies and in East Asian societies at the same pace. Most of the convergence is due to women doing less housework, rather than men taking up more domestic responsibilities. The gender convergence is also reported in the paid work. The rate of convergence in paid work, however, is faster in Western countries than in East Asian countries. These results suggest that the stall in western countries for the trends in total work is mostly because of the matching speeds in the convergence between paid work and unpaid work. In East Asia, the results are differing. The pace of the convergence in paid work is slower than in unpaid work. This indicates some structural barriers to women taking up more work and to men doing less paid work.
Additionally, as the descriptive results show, East Asian women work on par and sometimes even more than western women, the structural barriers are more likely to be because men in East Asian countries work very long hours at paid work. These long hours prevent them from contributing to unpaid work, as evidence by extremely low levels of time commitment into unpaid work among East Asian men, particularly in Japan, Korea and Taiwan.