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Reporting period: 2020-04-01 to 2021-03-31

STARDUST serves as smart connector bringing together advanced European cities and citizens of Pamplona, Tampere and Trento - with the follower cities of Cluj-Napoca, Derry and Kozani

The objective of STARDUST is to pave the way towards low carbon, high efficient, intelligent and citizen oriented cities, fully aligned with the Clean Energy for All Europeans strategy, by developing urban solutions and innovative business models, integrating the domains of buildings, mobility and efficient energy through ICT. The aim is to test and validate these solutions, enabling their fast roll out in the market. STARDUST will demonstrate that the smart integration of these actions, together with other accompanying non-technological measures can provide a platform for citizens and community engagement.

The STARDUST cities will be a living lab to design and validate a replicable model of Smart Cities, able to tackle all social, economic and environmental key aspects in an intelligent integrated way, by using novel ICT tools as sewing thread. The main targets are:
• Target 1. To create several “innovation islands” as urban incubators where to demonstrate scalable, cost-effective and bankable urban scale solutions to significantly increase the energy efficiency in the STARDUST cities
• Target 2. To create smart ecosystems implementing a new economic paradigm in the European cities, based on eco-innovation, competitiveness, low carbon, circular economy, and the creation of new markets, modernising the obsolete economic approach based in a massive use of fossil fuels and high energy intensity
• Target 3. To create and deploy open city information platforms, an ICT infrastructure that overarches all project aspects (building, energy and transport) and engages lighthouse and follower cities, and a key enabler to implement the social innovation strategy, business ecosystem and behavioural changes goals foreseen in the project
• Target 4. To organise and foster the transfer of lighthouse cities solutions to the four follower cities, and to support the deployment of Replication Plans in each follower city as references for future European standards of Smart Cities
In this RP3:
WP1: The Smart City Matrix will be refined and the cost-optimal tool will be further developed, as well as the open city information platform to ensure the replication.
WP2: HEMS&BEMS installed in 138 Passivhaus dwellings; Energy Management Platform installed in 42 dwellings & BEMS in the psychogeriatric. District Heating concession signed. Microgrid implemented in Local Police building. Solar taxi charging station installed; works for installing 26 charging points started. The hydrothermal system in Water Treatment Plant was inaugurated. One electric tricycle with pedal assistance delivering parcels in the city centre. eBuses line is monitored, and operations design completed to integration with the UPNA smartgrid. smart lighting is implemented. ICT urban platform is operational.
WP3: Prepare the Härmälänranta pilot for measurement period and elaborate Digital Twin; llokkaanpuisto constructions begins; Continuous data analysis of HVT30 after renovation; Algorithms with Talotohtori Smart district heating service in Tilapalvelut sites ready and bring Talotohtori building information to dashboards; e-bus data will be used for planning the e-bus operation system; information will be collected also from the e-bus charging system. CO2 calculator and personal emission trading system procurement done. Results of GLOSA traffic system are being analyzed. Automated traffic ecosystem continuation; Procurement process completed of the Smart City lighting and IoT platform; In the Urban Platform, KPIs defined in the data monitoring plan to provide visualization assistance.
WP4: Executive project for Madonna Bianca towers works approved; BEMS transfer feasibility study; Geological investigations completed, to proceed with definition for geothermal field and low-temperature water loop; Finalization of NEMS study; 4 EVs purchase; manager for last mile logistics hub hired; tender finalised for the EV charging stations and electrical grid simulations; start working on SUMP and align the needs of taxi drivers; tender process for parking occupancy sensors; relevant implementation for the Open City Platform;
WP5: The replication plans have been further developed. Progress also made on capacity building in follower cities. “Consolidated report of business models for follower cities” released. Update the stakeholder mapping and enrich it with new key stakeholders.
WP6: Knowledge share contributing to the monitoring and evaluation SCC1 task group. STARDUST also contributed to IEA Energy in Buildings and Communities Programme. The requirements of Open Research Data are applied.
WP7: Stakeholders involvement in Entrepreneurial Discovery Process. Validation and analysis of business models; Sectorial business analysis performed (D7.5).
WP8: Activities mainly carried out online. Editorial production and activity on social media to support project activities; Further development of the STARDUST Smart City Academy;
• Deep energy rehabilitation approach taking nZEB as reference;
• Energy performance active metering, monitoring and demand side management by setting-up set up an online monitoring and data management concept
• Co-benefits from smart district and buildings development by using the Smart and Sustainable District Energy Project concept
• Overcoming the barriers to the implementation of smart district and buildings by finding solutions to strengthen business planning for PPP

• High efficiency district heating and cooling systems. STARDUST approach beyond SoA involves the integration of CHP district heating; renewable energy integration on high-efficient district heating & cooling, biomass, geothermal, biofuels; Free-cooling from lake; o Heat waste recovery: heat recovery from industry to supply district heating; demand response/big data control: DH&C management; large scale for residential sector; policy instruments and financial models: in order to overcoming administrative and financial barriers to promote high efficiency large scale district heating and cooling.
• Smart grids for: Integration of electricity, 2nd life batteries, new energy management strategies in combined systems, definition of clear value propositions for this new “prosumer” role of hybrid smart grids.
• Heat pumps for: Integration of GSHP and heat storage, Energy exchange through heat pump technology, Waste heat recovery from data center and Cool recovery at low temperature.
• Smart lighting with: Novel high-efficient technology; ICT integration; integration of renewable energy for public lighting.

• Last Mile logistics
• Cost efficient E-Vehicle charging technology
• New incentives for e-vehicles
• V2G

• Low-carbon ICT systems will: promote server operation efficiency; build Low Carbon Cooling Systems for data centres and exploit the heat generated through the integration of ICT infrastructures with processes that utilize the heat; adopt a ‘Low Carbon-by-Design’ approach, gaining sustainable advantages in re-designing data centre facilities in pilot cities.
• Smart city ICT platforms to: provide a space for multi-stakeholders/users collaboration
• Open data, open services and open APIs
• Citizen participation: City apps and e-Participation tools
Example of Tampere Pilot sub-action in Buildings (HEM, BEM, Solar PV)