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GalileO-based trustEd Applications for health and SustainabilitY

Periodic Reporting for period 2 - GOEASY (GalileO-based trustEd Applications for health and SustainabilitY)

Reporting period: 2019-06-01 to 2021-05-31

Mass-market utilization of application and services leveraging position information is facing continuous growth; revenues in the field are foreseen in continuous growth as well.
Location-based applications are considered important from the social point of view, as a pioneering way to create awareness on sustainability problems and putting in place collective solutions for Sustainability and Social Innovation.
The domain of location based applications is clearly a “golden target” for malicious users and hackers profiting of lack of privacy features or the location-based mechanics of these applications. Damages resulting by e-Security threats are physically less dangerous compared to damages caused attacks to navigation systems, nonetheless the potential financial and business potential losses because of lack of trust in such technologies is potentially gigantic.

GOEASY aimed at providing a platform for e-Security features and Galileo authentication in mass market applications, by achieving the following Technical Objectives
1) to implement and evaluate an innovative eco-system for trusted and dependable mass-market LBS and Apps
2) to deliver an end-to-end, adaptive framework for dependable and trusted measurement and exchange of position information built upon Galileo features and existing e-Security open architectures
3) to deliver scalable cloud-oriented services suitable for mass-market scenarios with growing number of mobile users engaged in position-dependant applications
4) to enable rapid development of interoperable and trusted generic applications through open APIs and SDK sfor mobile LBS
5) to foster interoperability of Galileo-based applications with open Internet-of-Things eco-systems through well-established open standards and enablers
Strategic Objectives were:
1) to promote sustainable behaviour of citizens through reward-based gamification leveraging dependable position information
2) to innovate Location-Based Applications in compliance with EU’s legal and ethical requirements, with a strong attention on privacy aspects
3) to demonstrate the viability of Galileo services in supporting sustainable businesses case of Location-based services
4) to gather lessons learned about the developed solutions through two real medium-scale pilots
At the end of the activities, GOEASY has realized a platform for increasing trust and security in Location Based Services, starting from the exploitation of Galileo services such as OSNMA, but still providing good levels of performance for non-OSNMA enabled devices. Such platform provides OSNMA verification, user anonymization, devices certification, data handling capabilities, data encryption, and can be used by third parties by means of properly designed Application Programming Interfaces (API) and Software Development Kits (SDK) for mass market applications, federation platforms, devices.
The GOEASY platform has been demonstrated in two field trials based on two different applications, relying on two different types of devices and for two different types of services: the AsthmaWatch trial, based on properly designed Mobile Sensing Gateways and aimed at helping Asthma patients to identify the less-polluted path for their journeys, and the GoPongo trial, based on mobile phones and aimed at promoting a sustainable mobility behavior by means of the gamification approach.

Main exploitable project results are:
- The GOEASY Platfomr
- The GOEASY Reference system – Software implemented on Raspberry PI and interconnected to a reference Galileo receiver for position verification purposes.
- The Anonymized database and filtering functionalities.
- The Security infrastructure.
- The AstmaWatch app.
- The GoPongo app.
- The Mobile Sensing Gateway – Mobile device based on Ublox receiver and equipped with several environmental sensors.
- The LBS infrastructure.
- The IoT Streaming Database.

The above-mentioned exploitation outcomes will be deployed to market through three main business lines, namely GOEASY Applications, GOEASY as a Service and GOEASY Engineering.

Such results have been disseminated by means of a website, pages on LinkedIn and Twitter, Facebook events for the field trials, a newsletter, a Youtube channel, fliers for specific target groups for fairs and conferences. In addition, the project partners showcased GOEASY at several events such as Eurpoean Mobility Week, Globecom, Innovation Days, etc., and presented scientific results at the European Navigation Conference and the W3C Smart Cities Workshop.
GOEASY has improved state of the art in several aspects of technology, in particular:
1. has realized a mobile gateway able to deliver authenticated position information, once the Galileo ICD containing the authentication schemes will be delivered
2. analysed the best practices and recommendations defined both for the hardware design of mobile devices and for the design and development of mobile applications. Then, it contributed to define new best practices based on the lessons learned developing the GOEASY applications.
3. studied and implemented solutions to build a secure communication channel between the mobile devices and the cloud platform.
4. used GNSS security features to provide current LBS frameworks a robust, standardized, out-of-the-box anti-location-spoofing capability.
5. certified validity and trustworthiness of data provided via gamification applications solving issues such as trust, privacy and general data uncertainty
6. innovated existing LBS approaches by introducing privacy aware features, thus increasing the protection and acceptance for the end user.

GOEASY directly addresses, and then impacts, mass-market Galileo applications.
1. GOEASY demonstrated Galileo added value developing and testing two mass-market applications.
2. The GOEASY project has given the consortium partners the final elements to decide on the best way to market GOEASY solutions jointly and/or individually.
3. GOEASY will in general benefit the whole GNSS eco-systems – also promoting a more widespread adoption of Galileo-enabled devices.
4. GOEASY tackles interoperability between location-based systems and IoT platforms, directly generating new opportunities for providers of connected devices based on Machine to Machine communication capabilities and transceivers for IoT applications.
5. GOEASY is an enabling infrastructure for the development of downstream applications, helping to maximize adoption of Galileo and EGNOS, but and also to stimulate the EU GNSS downstream industry competitiveness, while capturing public benefits.
6. GOEASY features two innovative SMEs as new players entering for the first time in contact with the sector of GNSS applications.
7. More in general, the increased trust on positioning and data protection, together with privacy protection, will ease croud-sourcing of mobility data by public authorities, that might be used for promoting specific mobility behaviours or to define mobility strategies.
The GOEASY approach to end-to-end trust
Example of authenticated position
Core revenue of GNSS device sales by application
Example of non-authenticated position
Interaction between the GOEASY workpackages
Installed base of GNSS devices by application
GOEASY functional architecture