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Indicator Monitoring for a new railway PAradigm in seamlessly integrated Cross modal Transport chains – Phase 2

Periodic Reporting for period 3 - IMPACT-2 (Indicator Monitoring for a new railway PAradigm in seamlessly integrated Cross modalTransport chains – Phase 2)

Reporting period: 2020-01-01 to 2020-12-31

This project aims to perform the socio-economic research for Shift2Rail, to develop the SPD Scenarios and the KPI integrated assessment. Smart Maintenance, Standardisation, Integrated Freight Mobility Management and Human Resources are cross-cutting activities of Shift2Rail as well and consequently topics of the project, too. The objectives of the proposal IMPACT-2 are:

• Evaluating the effects for mobility, society and environment induced by new technology solutions and developments,
• Introducing relevant targets and needs to create a more attractive, a more competitive and more sustainable rail system
• Defining System Platform Demonstrators (SPD) that represent future application use cases
• Defining Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) that enable the monitoring and assessment of the Shift2Rail overall target achievement.
• Smart Maintenance
• Prepare an efficient process for bringing Shift2Rail results into standardisation
• Develop a common platform for the intelligent mobility management
• Human Resources

The importance for society and the overall objectives from an EU perspective resides in the ambition to further develop the single market. To that end the European Commission is working towards the creation of a Single European Railway Area (SERA), and has promoted a modal shift from road to rail in order to achieve a more competitive and resource-efficient European transport system that at the same time addresses climate change concerns. IMPACT-2 is a small piece in the much broader S2R effort to achieve this.
IMPACT-2 was launched in September 2017. The official kick off was held in Berlin at the DLR premises on 4 October. The project has 9 WPs and will end in August 2022. IMPACT-2 is for WP 2-4 a successor project to IMPACT-1. As such it ran in parallel with IMPACT-1 during autumn 2017 to April 2018 when IMPACT-1 was terminated. In addition to IMPACT-1 the IMPACT-2 Project also has four completely new WPs.

The objective of IMPACT-2 is to help maximise the impact of Shift2Rail by preparing the socio- economic framework. It contains analysing the socio-economic impact of the S2R developments, assess the impact of the Shift2Rail development by using key performance indicators and System Platform Demonstrators (SPD) as well as starting the standardisation of the S2R technologies where appropriate. Another objective is to integrate the different rail service operations via a common ICT structure. This Integration Layer provides a seamless exchange of involved Traffic Operations and Assets, covered under the scope of this program, with a specified data structure to enable legacy and new applications to unambiguously use the available information as input to optimize their service offer. Finally the transversal aspects of smart maintenance and human capital are covered.

The following deliverables planned for period 1,2 and 3 have been uploaded and approved:

WP1 D1.1 Quality Management Plan
WP3 D3.1 SPD use cases
WP4 D4.1 Initial quantitative KPI model
WP4 D4.2 Initial estimation of the KPIs
WP4 D4.3 Reviewed quantitative KPI model
WP4 D4.4 First SPD integrated assessment
WP5 D5.1 Global roadmap standardisation
WP6 D6.1 Scope of WP 6
WP6 D6.2 CBM Data structures
WP6 D6.3 Normative input for standardisation of CBM data structures
WP6 D6.4 CBM results for rail vehicles
WP8 D8.1 Job profiles and Customer-oriented design of mobility
WP8 D8.2 Skills and qualifications and Creating agile organizations
WP9 D9.1 Data Management Plan

Highlights of achievements for period 3 covering 2020.

• Four future freight scenarios were defined; Status quo, Excellent freight traffic, Excellence and innovations, Excellence innovations and boundary conditions. The scenarios were rated qualitatively with respect to the impact on mode choice in the years 2025, 2035 and 2050.
• Passenger and freight mode choice models have been completed and calibrated on the baseline scenario. A sensitivity analysis with different time values has been made. For the passenger use cases implementation have been performed using multinominal logit models and for the freight use case implementation has been done in a cost minimizing model.
• In 2020 the KPI model was updated and an iterative SPD integrated assessment was done and documented. An extensive verification and validation process was developed and performed to stabilise the results. A sensitivity analysis was performed to test the relationships between inputs and outputs in the KPI model.
• A version 4 of the Standardisation Rolling Development Plan was completed after presentation and discussion with the IP SteCos. It has been circulated to the standardisation and regulation stakeholder in RASCOP and Sector.
• The Smart Maintenance work was finished in 2019 and all deliverables have been submitted. In 2020 the results were presented at the CCA SteCo and ED PB.
• The intelligence to mobility freight applications work package has developed cost models for the defined Use-Cases e.g. slot planning management, real time freight monitoring via tracking and tracing, ATO, ad-hoc time tabling etc.
• For the work involving human capital needs in the backdrop of the changes resulting from new technologies, digitalisation and automation and how demographic challenges can be met, analyses of skill sets and future job profiles were completed for a number of infrastructure occupations.
• IMPACT-2 results were presented at the S2R innovation days 22-23 October.
Impact-2 will close in august 2022. The expected key benefits will be a better understanding of customers preferences and rail's contribution to a connected, green and prosperous Europe. The KPI model will describe how the TDs taken togehter delivers on the expected operational benefits i.e. measured by reliability, capacity and cost. Digitization of rail freight operations demonstrated in a number of use cases will be show cased. The impact on skill profiles and organisaitons by the technological and digital transformation of rail will be assessed.