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Indicator Monitoring for a new railway PAradigm in seamlessly integrated Cross modal Transport chains – Phase 2

Periodic Reporting for period 2 - IMPACT-2 (Indicator Monitoring for a new railway PAradigm in seamlessly integrated Cross modalTransport chains – Phase 2)

Reporting period: 2019-01-01 to 2019-12-31

This project aims to perform the socio-economic research for Shift2Rail, to develop the SPD Scenarios and the KPI integrated assessment. Smart Maintenance, Standardisation, Integrated Freight Mobility Management and Human Resources are cross-cutting activities of Shift2Rail as well and consequently topics of the project, too. The objectives of the proposal IMPACT-2 are:

• Evaluating the effects for mobility, society and environment induced by new technology solutions and developments,
• Introducing relevant targets and needs to create a more attractive, a more competitive and more sustainable rail system
• Defining System Platform Demonstrators (SPD) that represent future application use cases
• Defining Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) that enable the monitoring and assessment of the Shift2Rail overall target achievement.
• Smart Maintenance
• Prepare an efficient process for bringing Shift2Rail results into standardisation
• Develop a common platform for the intelligent mobility management
• Human Resources

The importance for society and the overall objectives from an EU perspective resides in the ambition to further develop the single market. To that end the European Commission is working towards the creation of a Single European Railway Area (SERA), and has promoted a modal shift from road to rail in order to achieve a more competitive and resource-efficient European transport system that at the same time addresses climate change concerns. IMPACT-2 is a small piece in the much broader S2R effort to achieve this.
IMPACT-2 was launched in September 2017. The official kick off was held in Berlin at the DLR premises on 4 October. The project has 9 WPs and will end in August 2022. IMPACT-2 is for WP 2-4 a successor project to IMPACT-1. As such it ran in parallel with IMPACT-1 during autumn 2017 to April 2018 when IMPACT-1 was terminated. In addition to IMPACT-1 the IMPACT-2 Project also has four completely new WPs.

The objective of IMPACT-2 is to help maximise the impact of Shift2Rail by preparing the socio- economic framework. It contains analysing the socio-economic impact of the S2R developments, assess the impact of the Shift2Rail development by using key performance indicators and System Platform Demonstrators (SPD) as well as starting the standardisation of the S2R technologies. Another objective is to integrate the different rail service operations via a common ICT structure. This Integration Layer provide a seamless exchange of involved Traffic Operations and Assets covered under the scope of this program with a specified data structure to enable legacy and new applications to unambiguously use the available information as input to optimize their service offer Finally the transversal aspects of smart maintenance and human capital are covered.

The following deliverables planned for period 1 and 2 have been uploaded and approved:

WP1 D1.1 Quality Management Plan
WP3 D3.1 SPD use cases
WP4 D4.2 Initial estimation of the KPIs
WP4 D4.3 Reviewed quantitative KPI model
WP4 D4.4 First SPD integrated assessment
WP5 D5.1 Global roadmap standardisation
WP6 D6.1 Scope of WP 6
WP6 D6.2 CBM Data structures
WP6 D6.3 Normative input for standardisation of CBM data structures
WP6 D6.4 CBM results for rail vehicles
WP8 D8.1 Job profiles and Customer-oriented design of mobility
WP8 D8.2 Skills and qualifications and Creating agile organizations
WP9 D9.1 Data Management Plan

Highlights of achievements for period 2 covering 2019.

• Work on identifying and rating logistics megatrends with respect to their future importance was carried out. The work is continuing in 2020. Identification of key success factors for choosing rail freight as the preferred mode of choice was carried out and is continuing in 2020. Interviews with people in the transport business have been done in order to rate the transport decisions.

• SPD use cases and scenario specifications were finalised. A new section on future scenarios was added, which suggested that developments in competing modes should be taken into account. An autonomous vehicle scenario and a climate scenario were added. Implementation of the mode choice models were completed and models are under calibration towards the baseline scenario. Necessary data for calibration of all four mode choice models to the baseline situation has been collected. A link between WP4 KPI model results, attractiveness model results and the mode choice model have been established.

• Creation of the quantitative Key Performance Indicator model to measure how the TDs contributes to the operational targets of Shift2Rail i.e. the improvements of cost, capacity and reliability. The majority of aspects are already covered in the model and the automated calculations in Excel are running. Further topics to be added in the model have been identified. The first reviewed version of the model has been reported in deliverable D4.3. The reference scenarios have been stabilised through the data verification process. Further steps for validation have been identified. The second out of five estimations of the high-level KPIs has been carried out and reported.

• A version 3 of the Standardisation Rolling Development Plan has been completed and validated by the IP SteCos in October. Regular meetings have been held with the JPCR and RASCOP standardization bodies.

• The Smart Maintenance work packaged was finished in 2019. The Smart Maintenance Concept considers the maintenance in the whole railway system. The Smart Maintenance Concept shows common principles like the cyber physical data model as well as common requirements independent of special parts of the system or special use cases. As key factors for a successful whole system approach for maintenance two elements turned out to be essential. These are firstly new opportunities provided by mutual monitoring of the system parts as described in the 4 Quadrant Modell (vehicles monitor infrastructure, infrastructure monitors vehicles, vehicles monitors itself and Infrastructure monitors itself) and secondly the use of all kinds of available data which indicate the real condition of an asset and gives information about necessary maintenance.

• The intelligence to mobility freight applications work package have developed, described an delivered all use-cases, covering the scope defined by the proposed demonstrators (applications & processes). Partners have started and are progressing with the design of demonstrators or proposed demonstration activities.

• For the work involving human capital needs in the backdrop of the changes resulting from new technologies, digitalisation and automation and how demographic challenges can be met, analyses of skill sets and future job profiles were completed.

• Discussions about how to best organise dissemination events has been held with the JU. IMPACT-2 has also benefitted from the commission service CDB.
Impact-2 will close in august 2022. The expected key benefits will be a better understanding of customers preferences and rail's contribution to a connected, green and prosperous Europe. The KPI model will describe how the TDs taken togehter delivers on the expected operational benefits i.e. measured by reliability, capacity and cost. Digitization of rail freight operations demonstrated in a number of use cases will be show cased. The impact on skill profiles and organisaitons by the technological and digital transformation of rail will be assessed.