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Augmented Approaches to Land 2

Periodic Reporting for period 2 - AAL2 (Augmented Approaches to Land 2)

Reporting period: 2019-02-01 to 2020-07-31

Demonstration of augmented approach and landing operations are based on following SESAR solutions:
• GBAS (Ground Based Augmentation System) CAT II with CAT I airborne and ground equipment, enabling lower decision heights to CAT II minima (DH 100ft); (addresses hubs and medium size airports)
• EFVS (Enhanced Flight Vision System) to Land with operational credit down to 300 meters RVR in non- CAT II/III airports; (addresses medium, small and very small size airports)

Bridge GAP between Research and Deployment


Project Objectives:
• Demonstrate technical performance/feasibility and benefits:
• GBAS – CAT II on CAT I equipment in EU + Interop with US
• Prepare aerodrome to EFVS operation homologation/ approval
• EFVS technology readiness • Increase market awareness
• Support buy-in from airspace users/aerodrome operators for future deployments
• Provide inputs to related standardisation activities and provide feedback about ongoing EASA regulation
"With regards to limited characters in this area, the text was limited to RP2 only.

RP2

WP1
-Management of the consortium
-Reporting – quarterly reports, ad-hoc reporting
-Organization of several Consortium F2F meetings to ensure smooth execution of the project:7th Feb 2019 – Brussels, 2nd July 2019 – Prague, 7th Nov 2019 – Brussels, 11th March 2020 – Frankfurt
-Regular WP leaders’ meetings execution – monthly basis
-Communication and dissemination activities – described in detail in ""Explanation of the work"" document due to limited number of characters in this section
-Working on delivery of main deliverable – demonstration report

WP2
• Regular WP2 status meetings – monthly basis
• Participation to deliverables
SWP 2.1 GBAS CAT II Definition
• Procedure Design - GLS procedures with feeding RNP approach segments including RF legs were designed and will be introduced in Bremen in AIRAC Cycle once the regulator approves Type approval for ground system Block IIS which is planned outside AAL2 timeframe.
• Completed modification of ATS
• Completed ground and flight testing of new GLS CAT II procedures at Bremen airport. This serves as a necessary predecessor for Block 2S update

SWP 2.2 GBAS CAT II Preparation + SWP 2.3 Demonstrations
Airbus - Airworthiness approval for A320 fam
• Major Mod Certification Plan released to EASA
• Simulator session in Airbus with Lufthansa pilots to support GLS CAT I Autoland
• Airbus performed safety analysis required to extend GLS to CAT II conditions
• Airbus formally applied to EASA to get an airworthiness approval of the GLS CAT2 capability in their A320 family operational documentation.
DFS
• SBAS hardware installation at Bremen airport and stability testing
• Review of the approval documents in order to generate audit report for GBAS software version Block IIS
• Modification of ATC interface to support Block IIS operation
DLR
• Software application for data recording – programming, testing, implementation
• Cost/fuel/CO2 efficiency analysis comparing GLS and ILS
• In total 513 approaches were analysed
Honeywell
• HON provided conformance reports using US SDA approval as a baseline
• HON continuously worked with DFS and regulatory bodies on finalization of safety case analysis
• HO updated case analysis based on comments from independent auditor/regulator
• HON supported operational approval discussion with Eurocontrol, Lufthansa and Ryanair
Lufthansa
• Lufthansa performed 43 Practice GLS CAT II Autoland Trials on A320fam in Bremen and Frankfurt. Furthermore 14 Practice GLS CAT II Autoland Trials have been performed on the Boeing 747-800 in Frankfurt.
• Completed 11 RNP to GLS flights on A320 Family in Bremen for accuracy and feasibility demonstration evaluation; pilot questionnaires filled.
• Lufthansa prepared a Compliance Matrix for the formal application of the GLS CAT II Trial Approval by the LBA, which was submitted to German regulator in March 2019.
• Worked on the preparation of GLS CAT II Operational Approval paperwork.
o Submitted ops. spec application by FAA - 11/2019 with
o Papework for A320 fam was prepared (to be submitted once Airworthiness approval is granted)
B747-8 Operation approval documents for AAL2 demo submitted to LBA.
Ryanar
• Completed at safety risk analysis on CAT I autoland.
• Put together a submission to the IAA requesting permission to trial CAT I Autoland
• Completed 315 GLS CAT I manual approaches on B737 in Frankfurt, Malaga and Bremen as a predecessor for CAT II demonstrations requested by Irish regulator IAA
• Completed 6 RNP to GLS flights on B737NG in Bremen as a part of the trial execution

WP3

SWP 3.1 EFVS Definition
EFVS definition studies have been completed.
DASSAULT
• EFVS weather impact study of 9 000 000 000 of MTO slots
• EFVS performance prediction study on LED vs incandescent lights
DLR
• Lowering minima study at NIR resulting in production of an article for aviation magazine

SWP 3.2 aerodrome preparation
Aerodromes preparations have been successfully completed for allowing demo flights except in Payerne where process was interrupted following to negative decision of military authority.
DASSAULT
• Production of air operator related safety assessment required for experimental approval of the four airports
• Support the ANSPs and aerodromes of the project in the discussions with national authorities
ATR
• Production of air operator related safety assessment required for experimental approval of the four airports
• Support the ANSPs and aerodromes of the project in the discussions with national authorities
DSNA
• Production of the Safety assessment for demo in Bourget
• Coordinate with the national authority and “aeroport de Paris” resulting in issuance of experimental approval for demos in Le Bourget
Skeyes
• Production of the Safety assessment for demo in Antwerp
• Coordinate with the national authorities and Antwerp airport operator resulting in issuance of experimental approval for demos in Antwerp

SWP 3.2 EFVS demonstrations
EFVS demos have been successfully completed at 2 airports of the project –Périgueux and Antwerp-
DASSAULT
• Preparation of flight campaign in coordination with ANSPs
• Definition of HF questionnaires
• Forecasting of MTO for demos in Le Bourget
• Training of 2 air users for the demos -ground course and Full flight simulator-
• Execution of familiarization flights in Antwerp -required by national authorities –
• Execution of demo flights in Antwerp
ATR
• Preparation of flight campaign in coordination with ANSPs
• Participation to HF questionnaires
• Training of 2 air users for the demos -ground course and Full flight simulator-
• Execution of familiarization flights in Antwerp, Perigueux and Le Bourget
• Execution of demo flights in Antwerp and Périgueux
Skeyes
• Finalization of the detailed scope of demos with ATR and Dassault partners
• Participation to HF questionnaires
• Forecasting of MTO for demos in Le Bourget
• Coordination with ATCO for demos
• Coordination with Brussels and publication of NOTAM for demos
• Execution of demos with Dassault and ATR
DSNA
• Finalization of the detailed scope of demos with ATR and Dassault partners
• Participation to HF questionnaires
• Coordination with ATCO for demos
• Coordination with Paris CDG airport for demos"