Periodic Reporting for period 1 - CLAIMS (CLAIMing land in early medieval localitieS: an interdisciplinary study of land claims and property regimes in the north-west of the Iberian Peninsula (9th-11th))
Reporting period: 2019-03-01 to 2021-03-31
This is the ultimate concern behind the project "CLAIMS: Claiming land in early medieval localities: an interdisciplinary study of land claims and property regimes in the north-west of the Iberian Peninsula (9th-11th)". The main objective of the project has been to build a theoretical and methodological framework for the study of land claims that can account for the different ways in which early medieval actors formulated, enacted, and engaged with each other’s land claims. A point of departure has been a long-standing tradition of historiographical research on the social meaning of land transactions and land disputes in early medieval societies. These were fundamental means through which social relations were negotiated, established, reproduced, and eventually transformed. Beyond that, the project has sought to develop a more profound understanding to how land claims were influeced by the different ways in which early medieval people related to space.
The aim, however, was not to theorise in the abstract. Rather, CLAIMS has also developed a significant methodological effort, enquiring what the sources can actually tell us about those theoretical concerns. For this, the project has focused on one particular region, the NW of the Iberian Peninsula. Charters dating from before AD 1100 are particularyl abundant for this area. There are more than 7,500 records. Almost 1,000 of them are dispute records, of which around forty per cent concern land disputes, that is, cases in which two or more parties contended over land and other natural resources. The latter are particularly significant for rather than the more formulaic clauses with which land transactions are usually supported, they present us with the discourses that contending parties articulated to formulate their claims, how they engaged with each other's discourses, and ultimately what the outcome of the dispute was. Therefore, they allow us to see land claims in action, but also how disputes were settled and the settlements justified, that is, how the discourses legitimising the appropriation of land changed over time as a result of social interactions.
- CLAIMS Conference: Disputed boundaries: Claiming the land, shaping the landscape. From medieval to contemporary times, Online, 3 June 2021.
- VIII Seminario Anual de la SEHA, Seminario Virtual, 18 diciembre 2020.
- Conferencias Lacarra de Historia Medieval, Universidad de Zaragoza, 13 December 2019
- Congreso Internacional La historiografía medieval en España y la conformación de equipos de trabajo: los proyectos de investigación I+D+i. XXXII Congreso de la SEEM, CCHS (CSIC), Madrid, 24-25 October 2019.
- Gender, Place and Memory Research Cluster Seminar Series, University of Hull, Hull, 25 September 2019.
- International Workshop Social Complexity and the State: The Forms of Governance in Western Europe between the 8th and the 11th Centuries, Universidad del País Vasco, Vitoria-Gasteiz, 17-18 September 2019.
- Congreso Internacional Los procesos de formación del feudalismo. La península ibérica en el contexto europeo, University of Salamanca, Salamanca, 12-13 September 2019 (with Carlos Tejerizo-García)
- International Workshop The Study of Written Artefacts in Spain: The MEDhis Consortium, Centre for the Study of Manuscript Cultures, Hamburg, 20-21 June 2019.
- International Workshop Defining Space in Early Medieval Europe. Language, Materiality and Social Practice, Universidad NOVA de Lisboa, Lisboa (Portugal) 24 Abril 2019.
B) Published papers
- et alii, "Collective action in local contexts in the Kingdom of León (9th-11th centuries): An exploration of the charter evidence", in Archaeology and History of Peasantries 1: From the Late Prehistory to the Middle Ages, ed. by Juan Antonio Quirós Castillo (Bilbao: Universidad del País Vasco, 2020), pp. 149-61
- “CLAIMS, Claiming Land in Early Medieval Localities: An Interdisciplinary Study of Land Claims and Property Regimes in the North-West of the Iberian Peninsula”, en La historiografía medieval en España y la conformación de equipos de trabajo: los proyectos I+D+i. Congreso Internacional celebrado en Madrid con ocasión de la XXXII Asamblea General de la Sociedad Española de Estudios Medievales (24-25 octubre 2019) (Madrid: Sociedad Española de Estudios Medievales, 2020), pp. 26-28.
- "Religious houses, violence, and the limits of political consensus in early medieval León (NW Iberia)”, Reti Medievali Rivista 21:2 (2020).
- “Resistencias campesinas en el noroeste ibérico altomedieval: confrontando la tragedia”, Jerónimo Zurita 95 (2020), pp. 13-33.