The co-evolution between hosts and their parasites is one of the most fascinating – yet still almost unexplored - examples of evolutionary adaptation. There is a paucity of information, however, on how the human immune system co-adapts to the parasites phenotypic plasticity, and how it dynamically rearranges its molecular phenotypes aiming to counteract the pathogenic threats. Hence, many therapies for the treatment of intracellular bacteria-related infections are currently obsolete, especially because of the rise in drug resistance. In this framework, the goal of my proposal was to decipher the unexplored phenotypic ‘bar-codes’ of host-pathogen interaction, to reversely engineer a drug delivery platform targeting infected cells only, and to eradicate intracellular parasites. The final aim will be the eradication of the severe intracellular pathogens Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), as is the major cause of mortality related to bacterial infection worldwide.