Periodic Reporting for period 1 - Governmigration (Governing irregular immigration through detention: discourses and practices from an interdisciplinary approach)
Reporting period: 2018-12-01 to 2020-11-30
Against this backdrop, the project analyses the mutating and expansive nature of immigration detention systems around the globe by considering two case studies: Spain and Canada. The very different cultural, economic and migration trajectories of both countries offer a great space for comparison. The long history of immigration policies in Canada and the main tools and practices undertaken to tackle irregular migration differ widely from the Spanish case. Spain did not receive significant international migration flows until the early 1990s, but its entrance in the European Union, among other aspects, entailed a significant change in public policies and practices. Both case studies will illuminate the understanding of immigration detention regimes in different contexts and in multiple perspectives.
Through the use of documentary review and qualitative methodologies, the main goal of this project is to better understand how irregular migration is governed in different jurisdictions through immigration detention systems. The specific objectives of Governmigration are twofold:
- Exploring the evolution of the main components of the immigration detention systems in both Canada and Spain in order to understand the mutations and new mechanisms that result in the expansion of these systems. In this realm, the project will map the different actors and institutions (public and private) involved as well as the main innovations implemented, such as new types of infrastructures of detention in the case of Spain and new measures, i.e. alternatives to detention in the case of Canada.
- Analysing the impact of immigration detention after release, particularly focused on the strategies implemented to formally and informally control and supervise irregular migrants in the community and the responses of undocumented migrants to this. In this regard, the project will explore the impact of these measures in the daily life of immigrants and asylum seekers from an intersectional approach, and it will also assess how these measures affect their possibilities of integration into the community.
Furthermore, in order to better understand the post-detention period in the case of Canada, particularly considering the novel programme of alternatives to detention and other innovations, an extensive fieldwork has been conducted. The fieldwork has been based on the use of qualitative methodologies to collect testimonies, experiences and expert knowledge of those involved in this programme, such as public authorities, community based organizations, NGOs and civil society organizations supporting migrants and asylum claimants, advocates, lawyers and those subjected to alternatives to detention.
The results achieved so far have been shared with the academic community and the society as a whole through public talks and seminars in academic and civil society environments and the presentation of results in international conferences. Finally, the project has begun to create a network of international researchers in the field in order to collaborate and discuss new advances in this area.