Periodic Reporting for period 1 - BOMB (Multi-scale BiOmechanical characterization of peri-iMplant Bone tissue: influence of the environment)
Reporting period: 2018-10-01 to 2020-09-30
A bone-chamber animal model allowed us to distinguish newly-formed bon from mature existing tissue. The new tissue is still young and immature, with a composition and organization changing along healing, especially close to the interface. At the nanoscale, bone crystals are thinner and more oriented close to the implant surface, as probed by x-rays diffraction (SAXS). This suggests that the implant mostly affects the bone ultrastructure within the first 100µm, potentially due to difficulty in binding to the metal. At the microscale, we observed an increase in bone contact with healing time and in presence of rougher surfaces, thanks to a non-destructive ultrasounds technique (QUS). Locally, the mechanical properties of the new bone tissue were lower than the mature tissue, suggesting an ongoing mineralisation and maturation of the tissue at the interface, especially affected by the presence of the implant.