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Coding for Security and DNA Storage

Project description

New ways to avoid data breaches

Communication and data storage systems are indispensable parts of our every-day life. However, these systems deal with severe challenges in security and reliability. Security is important whenever a user communicates or stores sensitive data such as medical information; and reliability has to be guaranteed to be able to transmit or store information while noise occurs, for example. Algebraic codes (ACs) are a powerful means to achieve both. The EU-funded inCREASE project will construct and evaluate special codes for security applications and DNA storage. In particular, the project studies post-quantum secure code-based cryptosystems; secure key regeneration based on ACs; and ACs for DNA-based storage systems. The focus of inCREASE lies on using insertion/deletion-correcting codes.

Objective

Communication and data storage systems are indispensable parts of our every-day life. However, these systems deal with severe challenges in security and reliability. Security is important whenever a user communicates or stores sensitive data, e.g. medical information; reliability has to be guaranteed to be able to transmit or store information while noise occurs. Algebraic codes (ACs) are a powerful means to achieve both.

Within inCREASE, I will construct and evaluate special codes for security applications and DNA storage.
The tasks are structured into three work packages: (1) post-quantum secure code-based cryptosystems, (2) secure key regeneration based on ACs, (3) ACs for DNA-based storage systems. The focus of inCREASE
lies on innovative theoretical concepts.

The goal of work package (1) is to investigate and design code-based cryptosystems; one promising idea is to apply insertion/deletion correcting codes. The security of these systems will be analysed from two points of view: structural attacks on the algorithms and hardware implementations with side-channel attacks.

Secure cryptographic key regeneration is the goal of (2) and can be achieved by physical unclonable functions (PUFs). Here, ACs are necessary to reproduce the key reliably. This project will study the error patterns that occur in PUFs, model them theoretically, and design suitable coding schemes.

The investigation on (3) will start with a study of the data of existing DNA storage systems. The outcome will be an error model that will include insertions, deletions, substitutions, and duplications. Therefore, inCREASE will design ACs for these error types. This will be especially challenging regarding the mathematical concepts. These codes will be evaluated by simulations and using data sets of DNA storage systems.

This project is high risk/high gain with impact not only to storage and security, but to the methodology as well as other areas such as communications.

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Coordinator

TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITAET MUENCHEN
Net EU contribution
€ 1 471 750,00
Address
Arcisstrasse 21
80333 Muenchen
Germany

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Region
Bayern Oberbayern München, Kreisfreie Stadt
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Links
Other funding
€ 0,00

Beneficiaries (1)