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Supramolecular Recognition in Dynamic Covalent Networks at Equilibrium and Beyond

Project description

Harnessing chemical networks to understand the origins of life

Networks of interchanging molecules that respond to various external stimuli (salt, heat, light) is the stuff that nature is made of. The ability to mimic biological networks could usher in a new era of synthetic chemistry that would have tremendous potential, especially for 21st century medicine. The EU-funded SUPRANET project is investigating dynamic chemical networks through the lens of two scenarios, one applied and one basic. The first is assessing their use in the context of molecular 'cages' for the transport of inorganic ions as drugs. The second evaluates the consumption of fuel molecules by mixtures of biological building blocks, which is a key process required for the emergence of life.

Objective

Over the past two decades, a branch of organic chemistry has emerged that breaks with the paradigm of synthesizing pure compounds and focusses instead on complex (macro)molecular networks akin to those found in nature. In this proposed project, we aim to address unmet challenges in supramolecular chemistry and systems chemistry by developing original dynamic reaction networks whose building blocks are capable of supramolecular (self-)recognition.

The first two objectives of SUPRANET focus on the use of dynamic covalent orthoester networks for the discovery of anion, cation and ion pair receptors, whose unique properties may pave the way towards the utilization of inorganic ions as drugs. For instance, we will develop self-assembled ion pair cages for the electro-neutral transport of medicinally relevant anions across phospholipid membranes. Our network approach will also allow us to “imprison” ionic guests for the first time in self-assembled receptors that could be used for the transport and controlled release of ions, even against osmotic pressure.

Objectives three and four of SUPRANET go beyond the equilibrium state and, as such, are relevant to the chemistry of life, in which key processes depend on dissipative steady states. The proposed reaction networks will feature biologically relevant ribose building blocks that are continuously assembled and disassembled by two different irreversible reactions, resulting in steady state mixtures of either RNA oligomers or ribose-derived vesicles. It is our hope that these studies will provide insights into open questions regarding the molecular origins of life, such as the non-enzymatic formation of RNA oligomers capable of self-recognition and the simultaneous emergence of compartmentalization and self-replication.

SUPRANET thus seeks to break new ground in both equilibrium and far-from-equilibrium dynamic networks and is equally motivated by applied and fundamental challenges.

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Coordinator

UNIVERSITAET ULM
Net EU contribution
€ 1 500 000,00
Address
Helmholtzstrasse 16
89081 Ulm
Germany

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Region
Baden-Württemberg Tübingen Ulm, Stadtkreis
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Links
Other funding
€ 0,00

Beneficiaries (1)