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SPECIFICATION FOR WORKING POSITIONS IN FUTURE AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL

Objective

This project will combine medium and long term operational evolutionary definition and technical studies, in order to design the future control suite and its basic component, the CWPs.
Operational functions are extracted from the work performed by various groups. For each function, the anticipated time scale of its implementation, its consequences in terms of human machine interface (HMI) and its consequences in terms of control suite performance, are studied.

The experimental prototypes of future air traffic control (ATC) controller working positions (CWP) produced by different administrations are studied. The information available covers the following fields:
general architecture;
performance;
analysis of the presentation and dialogues;
scenarios validated and method of evaluation.
A collection of existing reports of experiments performed on advanced ATC systems and a literature review and database search on human factors findings from studies on advanced complex systems was carried out.

Several tasks are under progress:
initial definition of performance requirements;
definition of scenarios, tests, and experiments.
The work will be carried out by:
- Industry, involving System, Human Computer Interface (HCI) and Artificial Intelligence (AI) Engineers from Software Engineering Companies and ATC System Manufacturers;
- ATM Research Centres and a University lab, involving HCI and AI Engineers, Human factors Specialists, Ergonomists and air traffic controllers.

This will allow the definition and validation of long term solutions, with provision for intermediate transition steps.

Thus, the project will produce:
- a set of validated operational scenarios, taking into account the progressive enhancement of the ATM system (1995-2015);
- detailed specifications of the Control suite and the CWP, which will enable design of products able to meet the requirements of Phase A (1995-2000);
- general specifications for the evolution of the control suite and the CWPs in the ATM context of Phase B (2000-2015).

On-going results of the SWIFT study will be available to EUROCONTROL organization.

Ten partners from seven different countries are associated in this consortium:

AEGEAN University will mainly be involved in human factors studies and their consequences on controller working positions (CWPs) evaluation and HCI specifications.

NLR and CENA will bring a major contribution in the definition of operational concept and scenario and, as a consequence of their involvement in national programmes, in HCI specifications and experimental validations.

THOMSON-CSF/SDC, PLESSEY-SIEMENS, THOMSON-CSF/SYSECA, ROKE-MANOR, due to the company profiles, will be more concerned, in this project, with technical studies (architecture, LAN and graphics). They also have a good knowledge of present ATM systems, functioning in various CAAs in the world.

THOMSON-CSF/SDC and ROKE-MANOR, because of their experience in HCI prototyping will also bring an important contribution in experimental validation of scenarios.

CAPTEC is involved in the development of novel user interfaces implemented in software for a wide variety of environments (flight deck control, medical imaging, script and gesture terminals). This experience will contribute significantly to the ATM MMI consideration.

INESC will be more concerned with technical studies regarding network management and network specifications.

WORKPLAN:
WP1- Operational concept

WP2- Performance requirements
TASK 2010 - Initial definition of the performance requirements
TASK 2020 - Validation of the performance requirements

WP3- Detailed operational scenarios
TASK 3010 - Definition of basic scenarios and options
TASK 3020 - Detailed specification of scenarios
TASK 3030 - Detailed experimental design
TASK 3040 - Synthesis of validated scenarios

WP4- Evaluation of experimental prototypes
TASK 4010 - Synthesis of revelant experiments
TASK 4020 - Surveillance of prototype evolution

WP5- Experimental validation of scenarios
TASK 5010 - Adaptation of control suite mock-up
TASK 5030 - Tests and experiments
TASK 5040 - Result analysis
TASK 5050 - Validation of technical studies

WP6- Human factors studies
TASK 6010 - Application of existing guidelines and knowledge
TASK 6020 - Ergonomic evaluation studies/definition of metrics
TASK 6030 - Execution of specific experiments
TASK 6040 - Production of anthropometric guidelines

WP7- General architecture
TASK 7010 - Appraisal of loads (CPU, memory, LAN) and versatility of CWP
TASK 7020 - Architecture definition
TASK 7030 - Fall-back routines, redundancy, reconfiguration, recording

WP8- Lan manager
TASK 8010 - Requirements analysis
TASK 8020 - Definition of LAN manager requirements
TASK 8030 - Market survey
TASK 8050 - Interface requirements
TASK 8060 - Definition of software requirements
TASK 8070 - Software development
TASK 8080 - Validation

WP9- Graphics interface
TASK 9010 - First layer: Graphics toolkits
TASK 9020 - Second layer: User interface language
TASK 9030 - Third layer: User interface management system (UIMS)
TASK 9040 - Evaluation and feasibility

WP10- Specification of hci
TASK 10010 - Formalism for the HCI specifications
TASK 10020 - Human factor guidelines
TASK 10030 - HCI concept definitions
TASK 10040 - Detailed specifications of display and dialogues
TASK 10050 - Control suite layout

WP11- Functional block definitions and interfaces
TASK 11010 - Functionality identification
TASK 11020 - General functional architecture
TASK 11030 - Transition analysis
TASK 11040 - Method recommendations

WP12- Specifications of graphics and networks
TASK 12010 - Graphics specifications
TASK 12020 - Network specifications

Coordinator

Thomson CSF

Participants (5)

Centre d'Études de la Navigation Aérienne (CENA)
France
Address
7 Avenue Édouard-belin
31055 Toulouse
Elektronik-System-GMBH
Germany
STICHTING NATIONAAL LUCHT- EN RUIMTEVAARTLABORATORIUM
Netherlands
Address
Anthony Fokkerweg 2 (Postal Code 1059 Cm)
Siemens Plessey Electronic Systems Ltd
United Kingdom
Syseca SA
France