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Smart Adaptive Remote Diagnostic Antitampering Systems

Deliverables

Anti-tampering test protocol for use in future type approval test

A report on the test protocol to be used in a legislative context

Validation and verification methodology and results

Approaches for verification and validation will be documented the results of security testing as well as the identified vulnerabilities and their counter measures will be described

Dissemination report (mid-term)

This report will not be open to the public since it will contain information on tampering methods that may assist tampering efforts in the market

Summary of the hackathon and security and resilience evaluation of the level 2 concept

Outcome of the evaluation with the hackathon and by independent security experts recommendation for development

Guidelines, impact assessments and text for future legislation

This report will contain a legislative text and arguments to support the introduction of future legislation and will be open to the public

Status quo of critical tampering techniques and proposal of required new OBD monitoring functions

Results of the testing of tampering devices with a description of root causes and working principles of the different tampering techniques found and systems tested and proposal for new OBD monitoring functions.

Summary of the hackathon and security and resilience evaluation of the level 1 concept

Outcome of the evaluation with the hackathon and by independent security experts, recommendation for development.

Dissemination report (final)

This report will not be open to the public since it will contain information on tampering methods that may assist tampering efforts in the market It will contain all communication and data collected during the project to assist Commission Services and Officers for future legislative procedure needs

The market of cheating devices and testing matrix with a prioritization for testing of vehicle tampering technique combinations

Concise and categorized overview of the cheating devices, impacts and current and future risks. A prioritization matrix to identify the most important tampering techniques for testing.

In-vehicular antitampering security techniques and integration

Discuss the security mechanisms developed for providing security inside the vehicle, e.g., sensor security, secured CAN, stateful firewall, intrusion detection.

DIAS Project Handbook – inception version

The operational procedures and processes for the project regarding information sharing/data management, meetings, quality assurance, risk management and ethics.

Advanced detection system against unknown (future) tampering (Level 2)

Concept to detect known and future tampering using conventional and anomaly detection algorithms including prototype SW coding and prototypic integration in the demo vehicle

Blockchain and cloud-based methods for provision of certified data

The Blockchain and cloudbased approach for provision of authentic data from the vehicle will be documented including methods for device access limitation

DIAS Project Handbook - final version

The final version will be submitted in the end of the project for future reference

Dissemination and Exploitation plan

This report will not be open to the public since it will contain information on tampering methods that may assist tampering efforts in the market.

DIAS antitampering system demonstration

A prototypic ECU, CCU and Cloud based system integrated in demo vehicle and proofed that it is properly working. All developed products from working packages are integrated in the system.

Website of the project

The website will be open to the public and stakeholders to promote the project and be used for reaching out stakeholders during the initial communication. It will also be used for the communication of open events such the hackathons and data collection campaigns.

Publications

Decentralizing Identity Management and Vehicle Rights Delegation through Self-Sovereign Identities and Blockchain

Author(s): S. Terzi, C. Savvaidis, A. Sersemis, K. Votis and D. Tzovaras
Published in: 2022
Publisher: IEEE
DOI: 10.1109/compsac51774.2021.00168

A Statefull Firewall and Intrusion Detection System Enforced with Secure Logging for Controller Area Network

Author(s): Teri Lenard, Roland Bolboacă
Published in: 2021
Publisher: EICC
DOI: 10.1145/3487405.3487650

Next generation of vehicle diagnostics based on advanced onboard monitoring and cloud-based diagnostics

Author(s): Savas Geivanidis, Zissis Samaras, Markus Willimowski, Ian Faye, Obaid UrRehman, Christof Schernus, Robin Vermeulen
Published in: Proceedings of 8th Transport Research Arena TRA 2020, Issue April 27-30, 2020, Helsinki, Finland, 2020
Publisher: TRA 2020

Tampering of environmental protection systems on vehicles: Status quo and perspectives

Author(s): Dimitrios Kontses, Robin Vermeulen, Pavlos Fragkiadoulakis, Zissis Samaras
Published in: 2021
Publisher: TRA

Key exchange and management schemes for automotive control units

Author(s): Miao Zhang, Shaoning Chen, Barbara Graziano
Published in: 2021
Publisher: EICC
DOI: 10.1145/3487405.3487658

Mitigation of Odometer Fraud for In-Vehicle Security Using the Discrete Hartley Transform

Author(s): Gianmarco Baldini; Raimondo Giuliani; Monica Gemo
Published in: UEMCON, Issue 1, 2020
Publisher: IEEE
DOI: 10.1109/uemcon51285.2020.9298039

Securing Emission Data of Smart Vehicles with Blockchain and Self-Sovereign Identities

Author(s): Sofia Terzi; Charalampos Savvaidis; Konstantinos Votis; Dimitrios Tzovaras; Ioannis Stamelos
Published in: 2020 IEEE International Conference on Blockchain (Blockchain), Issue 1, 2020
Publisher: IEEE
DOI: 10.1109/blockchain50366.2020.00067

Cryptographic Key Distribution Protocol with Trusted Platform Module for Securing In-vehicle Communications

Author(s): B. Genge, P. Haller
Published in: The 15th International Conference Interdisciplinarity in Engineering, 2021
Publisher: Springer

Eclipse KUKSA.val for SCR Anti-Tampering Monitoring in Heavy Vehicles

Author(s): Junhyung Ki, Sebastian Schildt, Andreas Hastall, Sven Erik Jeroschewski, Robert Höttger
Published in: 2021
Publisher: SAAM Mobility conference

DIAS H2020 Project-Tampering of Emission Controls and Countermeasures

Author(s): Dimitrios Kontses, Zissis Samaras
Published in: 2022
Publisher: SAE

MixCAN: Mixed and Backward-Compatible Data Authentication Scheme for Controller Area Networks

Author(s): T. Lenard, R. Bolboaca, B. Genge, P. Haller
Published in: Proceedings of the 2020 IFIP Networking Conference, Issue Annual, 2020
Publisher: IEEE

Tampering Detection for Automotive Exhaust Aftertreatment Systems using Long Short-Term Memory Predictive Networks

Author(s): R. Bolboacă, P. Haller, D. Kontses, A. Papageorgiou-Koutoulas, S. Doulgeris, N. Zingopis, Z. Samaras
Published in: 2022
Publisher: IEEE
DOI: 10.1109/eurospw55150.2022.00043

Tampering of Emission Controls and Countermeasures

Author(s): D. Kontses, Z. Samaras
Published in: 2022
Publisher: ERMES Group

LOKI: A Lightweight Cryptographic Key Distribution Protocol for Controller Area Networks

Author(s): Teri Lenard, Roland Bolboaca, Bela Genge
Published in: 2020 IEEE 16th International Conference on Intelligent Computer Communication and Processing (ICCP), Issue Annual, 2020, Page(s) 513-519, ISBN 978-1-7281-9080-8
Publisher: IEEE
DOI: 10.1109/iccp51029.2020.9266192

Locality sensitive hashing for tampering detection in automotive systems

Author(s): Roland Bolboacă, Teri Lenard, Béla Genge, Piroska Haller
Published in: Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Availability, Reliability and Security, 2020, Page(s) 1-7, ISBN 9781450388337
Publisher: ACM
DOI: 10.1145/3407023.3409206

Privacy-Preserving Tampering Detection in Automotive Systems

Author(s): Roman, A.-S.; Genge, B.; Duka, A.-V.; Haller, P.
Published in: Electronics, 2021, ISSN 2079-9292
Publisher: MDPI
DOI: 10.3390/electronics10243161

VetaDetect: Vehicle tampering detection with closed-loop model ensemble

Author(s): Piroska Haller; Béla Genge; Fabrizio Forloni; Gianmarco Baldini; Massimo Carriero; Georgios Fontaras
Published in: International Journal of Critical Infrastructure Protection, Issue 1, 2022, ISSN 1874-5482
Publisher: Elsevier BV
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijcip.2022.100525

Adaptive Ensemble Methods for Tampering Detection in Automotive Aftertreatment Systems

Author(s): R. Bolboaca
Published in: IEEE Access, 2022, ISSN 2169-3536
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
DOI: 10.1109/access.2022.3211387

On the Application of Entropy Measures with Sliding Window for Intrusion Detection in Automotive In-Vehicle Networks

Author(s): Gianmarco Baldini
Published in: Entropy, Issue 22/9, 2020, Page(s) 1044, ISSN 1099-4300
Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
DOI: 10.3390/e22091044

Anomaly Detection in Aging Industrial Internet of Things

Author(s): Bela Genge, Piroska Haller, Calin Enachescu
Published in: IEEE Access, Issue 7, 2019, Page(s) 74217-74230, ISSN 2169-3536
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
DOI: 10.1109/access.2019.2920699

Effect of Tampering on On-Road and Off-Road Diesel Vehicle Emissions

Author(s): Giechaskiel, B.; Forloni, F.; Carriero, M.; Baldini, G.; Castellano, P.; Vermeulen, R.; Kontses, D.; Fragkiadoulakis, P.; Samaras, Z.; Fontaras, G.
Published in: Sustainability, 2020, ISSN 2071-1050
Publisher: MDPI Open Access Publishing
DOI: 10.3390/su14106065

DIAS-Smart Adaptive Remote Diagnostic Antitampering Systems

Author(s): D. Kontses, Z. Samaras
Published in: 2022
Publisher: European Commission

Intellectual Property Rights

Verfahren zum Herstellen einer authentifizierten und unidirektionalen Kommunikation zwischen zwei Komponenten eines Fahrzeugs

Application/Publication number: 10 2021003257
Date: 2021-06-24

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