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5G HarmoniseD Research and TrIals for serVice Evolution between EU and China

Periodic Reporting for period 1 - 5G-DRIVE (5G HarmoniseD Research and TrIals for serVice Evolution between EU and China)

Reporting period: 2018-09-01 to 2020-02-29

The main objective of 5G-DRIVE is to conduct joint 5G trials and research activities with the Chinese twin project “5G Large-scale Trial” led by China Mobile to facilitate 5G technology convergence, spectrum harmonisation and business innovation between Europe and China. 5G-DRIVE addresses the objective in three pillars. The first pillar tests and demonstrates latest 5G eMBB and LTE-V2X technologies in different use scenarios. 5G-DRIVE carries out extensive tests in trial sites in UK, Finland and Italy, and compare the results with the Chinese twin project. The joint trials between two projects evaluates system key performances and provide recommendations for technology and spectrum harmonization. The second pillar focuses on research work and aims to bring key innovations on massive multiple-input and multiple-output (MIMO), network slicing, 5G transport network, edge computing, and so on to fill the gaps between standards and real world implementation. The third pillar promotes EU-China 5G collaboration from various levels through extensive dissemination and exploitation activities.
Until February 2020, the project has defined the system architecture and use cases, prepared the eMBB and V2X trial plan for the various trial sites, and made significant progress on both eMBB and V2X trials. The project has conducted eMBB trials at trial sites at University of Surrey (UK) and VTT (Finland). In addition, joint eMBB trials have been done with the Chinese twin project and the results have been documented. Regarding V2X, 5G-DRIVE partners acquired LTE-V2X units and are working on the integration. The first V2X field trial on V2N and autonomous driving has been conducted in the VTT Espoo trial site. In addition, a coexistence study of C-V2X and ITS-G5 has been done at the JRC Ispra trial site. The partners are working towards the joint V2X trial with the Chinese twin project.

In the past 18 months the project has made the good progress on the technical work according to project plan. In addition to the trial activities, the project has worked on 10 research topics related to 5G, including massive MIMO, radio resource allocation, transport network, network slicing, MANO and V2X. The results have been reported in the Deliverable D5.1. All deliverables planned for this period have been submitted and all milestones have been achieved.

As said, 5G-DRIVE targets joint 5G trials with the Chinese twin project. The two projects have made concrete progress on the trial cooperation. Following the signed Collaboration Agreement, the two projects have exchanged the trial architecture, trial plan and test specifications, which formed the basis to define the joint trial activities. Joint trial specifications for both eMBB and V2X have been defined.

5G-DRIVE partners visited China Mobile’s eMBB trial site at Hangzhou and conducted a series of joint tests with Chinese partners. 5G-DRIVE will conduct the similar tests in its own trial sites and compare the results. The V2X trial cases have been agreed, and the development work is ongoing to prepare the test environment.

The project has also progressed well with its dissemination activities. The project has organized an IEEE ICC workshop, one 5G World Forum workshop, and one workshop targeting SMEs. The workshops have received over 100 participants. Further workshops - one IEEE ICC workshop and one 5G World Forum workshop - are under preparation. The project has presented in multiple global events, e.g. Global 5G Events, WIOT, and showed a V2X demo at an ITS congress. The project has published over 20 scientific publications in well-known journals, conferences and workshops.
5G-DRIVE targets the following impacts:
• Holistic 5G networks implementations based on the latest 5G innovations and evaluated in the two prominent usage scenarios.
• 5G RAN for the specified bands validated in real world environments.
• Global interoperability demonstrations for 5G networks.
• Joint contributions to global 5G standards specifications in relevant organisations (e.g.3GPP ITU-R), especially in view of 5G phase 2 standardisation (beyond eMBB), and to harmonized spectrum bands.
• Successful showcasing events with, ideally, joint demonstration across regions.
• New or reinforced cooperation between 5G R&I stakeholders from EU and China, with a focus on private companies (industry, telecom operators, SMEs).

The project has made significant outcomes related to these impacts and will continue these efforts. The outcomes include trial reports and technical reports of research work. The project has published over 20 scientific publications covering new findings on massive MIMO, radio resource allocation, transport network, network slicing, MANO and V2X. By the end of the project, the project will provide the full report of trial results on both eMBB and V2X. The project will also contribute to European Harmonised Standard for 5.9 GHz, which is an important coexistence standard for LTE-V2X and ITS-G5.

In addition to the above-mentioned impacts, 5G-DRIVE aims to create impacts on the following 5G PPP KPIs:
• Leverage effect of EU research and innovation funding in terms of private investment in R&D for 5G systems in the order of 5 to 10 times.
• Target SME participation with an allocation of 20% of the total public funding.
• Reach a global market share for 5G equipment & services delivered by European head-quartered ICT companies above the level of 43 % global market share in communication infrastructure.

5G-DRIVE takes efforts to promote these KPIs through its dissemination and exploitation activities. 5G-DRIVE has achieved excellent dissemination outcomes. 5G-DRIVE has kept in mind the importance of SME participation. Among 17 partners 6 are SMEs, which presents 35% of consortium partnership, and specific measures towards reaching SMEs have been performed.

The project targets the following environmental and societal impacts:
• Energy efficiency: Through network slicing, the use of the same RAN to serve multiple services and multi-tenancy.
• Security: This is an important aspect, particularly for the vehicle industry.
• Demonstrating European competence: For European organisations (from research to industry) to benefit from the worldwide potential, it is necessary to demonstrate European competence in the field. 5G-DRIVE contributes on this through trials between the EU and China to made the competence visible to the rest of the world.
• Knowledge sharing: The trial sites are not closed environments only for use by 5G-DRIVE; they are available for use by other researchers, industries and end-users, thereby multiplying the effect of the EU funding by avoiding the need to reproduce the same facilities. The knowledge gained from the project will also be used by the academic partners in their curricula.

The project conducts research on new service, energy efficiency and security topics. These impacts are realized through publications and exploitation activities. The project works on joint trials and shares the trial results through publications and project deliverables. The knowledge sharing is one of the major concerns in the project. The project continue contributing to these impacts.