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Regulating Vehicle Access for improved Livability

Periodic Reporting for period 1 - ReVeAL (Regulating Vehicle Access for improved Livability)

Reporting period: 2019-06-01 to 2020-11-30

Despite urgent calls for “smarter urban vehicle access regulations” in the Urban Mobility Package and other high-level political commitments, very few decision makers have been keen on going public with the idea of restricting car access (in time or space) in urban areas. ReVeAL is helping to add Urban Vehicle Access Regulations (UVAR) to the standard range of urban mobility transition approaches of cities across Europe. Toward this end, the ReVeAL consortium combines conceptual work and case study research with hands-on UVAR implementation in six pilot cities and systematic stakeholder interaction and professional communication activities. The pilot cities of Helmond, Jerusalem, London, Padova, Vitoria-Gasteiz and the project leader Bielefeld are committed to developing, implementing, testing and evaluating UVAR measures in one or more of four “Measure Fields”: 1) Toward Zero-Emission Zones/Limited-Traffic Zones, 2) Spatial Interventions, 3) Pricing Measures and – through a process called “sandboxing” – 4) some innovate Future Options (C-ITS, geo-fencing etc.).

ReVeAL considers the implementation of UVAR measures a necessary part of a wider transition management challenge and therefore ensures comprehensive and coordinated changes to multiple elements of the urban transport system. ReVeAL has categorised these aspects into four “Transition Areas”: 1) Governance and Financing; 2) User Needs/Public Acceptance; 3) Mobility Concepts; and 4) System Design/Technology – all of which play a role in any change process.

By accompanying, documenting and analysing the processes and impacts in the six pilot cities, ReVeAL will be able to systematically extract lessons learned and thus support the wider rollout of smart UVAR approaches across Europe. A key strategy towards this goal is the provision of practical decision support tools and advice on the integration of UVAR in SUMPs. ReVeAL will produce an online Decision Support Tool made up of an UVAR Readiness Assessment and an UVAR Process Advisor.

Overall objectives:

- Planning for UVAR as a change in direction for a city (how to manage the transition?)
- Understanding what has worked and what made it successful (both process and content)
- Supporting and executing UVARs and learning from the process
- Documenting, monitoring, assessing and evaluating the process and impacts
- Extracting, synthesising and generalising the lessons learned to support other cities in UVAR implementation
- Engaging stakeholders and effectively communicating about the processes and results
• At the project level
- Development of a Transition Framework that describes the urban processes during UVAR implementation, taking into account the different transition areas
- Support for the ReVeAL pilot cities in the design and implementation of their pilots through scenario building and support of the change management process.
- 8 detailed case studies on cities that have successfully implemented UVAR measures
- Development of a categorized set of building blocks of UVAR measures in the four ReVeAL measure fields (Spatial Interventions, Pricing Measures, Pathways to ZEZ and Future Options)
- Increased understanding of the role of complimentary measures in the successful implementation of UVAR measures
- Creation of the first in a series of ReVeAL guidance documents for cities on UVAR-related topics
- ReVeAL input to the Covid-19 SUMP Practitioners’ Briefing, to the SUMP Resilience Guide and to the annex to the Topic Guide UVAR and SUMPs
- Collaboration and knowledge development with other projects (CLOSER, UVARBox, Dynaxibility)
- Development of an evaluation framework for supporting the pilot cities in their evaluation process
- Set-up of a communication, dissemination and stakeholder engagement strategy for all communication and dissemination activities and support of the local communication processes in pilot cities

• At the pilot city level
- Bielefeld: ambition of the new measures in the old town, stakeholder engagement and integration with other projects in the city centre area
- Padua: development of close collaborations among bodies that had not previously worked closely together, engagement of high-level decision makers
- Helmond: ISA test (July 2020) helped to assess possible impacts of introducing ISA cars in traffic on speed (average, peak, excess) on various types of roads and traffic intensities
- London: more ambitious and wider scheme – in the context of Covid changes in London
- Vitoria-Gasteiz: definition and design of LTZ in central superblock
- Jerusalem: close collaboration across organisations and jurisdictions, revision of national legislation to create a framework that allows for LEZ/ZEZ
ReVeAL will trial and deliver an innovation agenda for access regulations for local authorities, thus increasing the efficiency at local level of the integrated urban mobility plan. The pilots in combination with systematic desk-research and surveying will be the basis of two decision support tools: The ReVeAL Readiness Assessment Tool to identify potential barriers and drivers for access regulation through a questionnaire capturing key facts about the existing mobility culture, available transport services (alternatives to private car use or truck deliveries), IT and ITS legacy systems and legal and regulatory framework. The ReVeAL Process Advisor supports the design of access regulation schemes based on the envisaged objectives, impacts transition status as reported in the Readiness Assessment. The six pilots will deliver new practice-based knowledge related to various forms of access regulations (e.g. ZEZ, Superblock etc.) that will be studied in view of four Transition Areas: governance, user needs, mobility concepts and technologies. ReVeAL will be able to draw conclusions on the feasibility, effectiveness and efficiency of different access regulation solutions in different phases of transition. Through its evaluation and monitoring activities, ReVeAL will be able to draw lessons from the comparison of local contexts and applied solutions. Local decision makers will be better informed when deciding by means of the detailed scenario development for each of the sites, and later, through the development of specific decision support tools. The project will also create impact with regards to service providers and technology and vehicle suppliers. The project will develop a ReVeAL project pipeline overview of local investments and planned schemes (detailing technological and design prospects) in order to create visibility for future projects and increase innovation in their actual implementation.

Expected impacts:
• Improved knowledge on how current mobility transitions affect UVAR implementation
• Better informed and involved UVAR stakeholders and decision-makers
• Improved and measurable performance of UVAR schemes
• Inclusion if UVARs into SUMPs and the urban mobility policy toolbox
• Future-proof UVAR design approaches
• Better market and project pipeline intelligence
• Regulatory fitness of national UVAR frameworks
• Clear and concrete translation of ReVeAL findings into EU policy recommendations
• Creation of global agenda for UVAR implementation
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