Skip to main content
European Commission logo print header

Optimizing Bio-based Fertilisers in Agriculture – Knowledgebase for New Policies


Report on drivers and barriers regarding the replacement of conventional fertilisers by BBFs for all stakeholders in the value chain

Determining the real drivers and barriers guiding the overall attitude of opinion leaders of all sectors professional associations and NGOs towards BBFs by structured questionnaires and interviews in all covered Member States

Case study report on existing inter-regional and trans-boundary exchange of NRSS/BBFs

A comprehensive overview of the data on transboundary NRSSBBF flows and result in recommendations to improve data collection data usage and data consistency

Dataset of regional NRSS available for producing BBFs in the EU

The data collected on various NRSS quantitiesmasses and their nutrient contents will be processed into an easytouse database and digital maps providing easy access for BBFs manufactures and policymakers directing NRSS reuse M18 M30

Description of soil and BBFs characteristics affecting P leaching

P loss potential associated with BBF application is evaluated through literature mining soil analyses from large containers Task 21 and pots Task 31 and validated with rainfall simulation

Report on socio-economic impacts of current products and practices, incl. non-accounted externalities

Quantification of current fertilisation practices and the use of BBFs determining economic contributions and the value of the negative externalities in different settings and regions

Guideline document on project management, rules and time schedules to be distributed to all partners

Guideline document on project management rules and time schedules to be distributed to all partners

Portfolio of communication materials and the general project website
Report on NRSS potential to replace mineral N and P fertilisers in the EU

The potential of NRSS for replacing mineral N and P fertilisers is evaluated against sold mineral fertilisers across EU The potential of NRSS to substitute mineral N and P fertilisers will be quantified based on official statistics on current use of mineral fertilisers in relation to availability of NRSS

Policy roadmap

National meetings organised together with National Dissemination Forums will be held to understand the existing policies and map the options for the creation of a new one A policy roadmap will be created to gather all the conclusions from these meetings and to design a roadmap for future policy according to the project outputs

Synergy report and action plan

Possible synergies with other funded recycling projects at EU and national level as mentioned in section 133 are reached by contacting respective coordinators and a collaboration mechanism will be implemented crossdissemination of project activities and outputs joint participation as speakers to events coorganisation of events casebycase

Dissemination, communication and exploitation plan

Dissemination communication and exploitation plan covers the projects internal and external communication and dissemination actions including policies strategies means and responsibilities and is the reference document for all DEC implementation

Report on the legal restrictions for using BBFs in the EU

Legal barriers for the production and use of BBFs in the EU such as regulations aimed at limiting inputs of potentially harmful substances and nutrient oversupply will be identified and their importance for technology implementation and transfer and eventual mitigation actions in BBF use will be evaluated M20 M36

Review and assessment of published LCA studies

Screening nutrient recycling literature with numerous highly relevant contributions from consortium partners and other RIA projects for LCAs on BBFs and related manufacturing processes Investigating identified LCA studies of fertilising products from virgin and secondary raw materials and analysing the benefits and flaws of the selected system boundaries impact categories time horizon for toxicity assessments and cumulative emission factors

Continuously updated risk management plan

Continuously updated risk management plan which will be released for official documentation M1 M12 M24 M36 This document includes the original risk management plan and its updates

Report on the effect of BBFs on soil quality and C sequestration

Available information on the effects of BBFs on soil quality indicators such as soil organic C pH and waterholding capacity is collected by a thorough review of the literature and supplemented with analysis of samples from existing medium to longterm field experiments in order to link the BBF use with impacts on a range of soil quality parameters

Draft convention for comparable LCA studies of fertilising products manufactured from primary and secondary raw materials

A draft convention for making nutrient recycling LCAs comparable by directly consulting authors of other studies database authors and interested stakeholders

Project newsletters compiled

Project will publish its own project newsletter every 6 months minimum and sent to relevant stakeholders M6 M12 M18 M24 M30 M36 M42 M48 This is a compiled collection of the published newsletters


Opportunities and challenges of bio-based fertilizers utilization for improving soil health

Author(s): Ari Kurniawati,Gergely Toth, Kari Ylivainio, Zoltan Toth
Published in: Organic Agriculture, 2023, ISSN 1879-4238
Publisher: Springer Science + Business Media
DOI: 10.1007/s13165-023-00432-7

Phosphorus Recovery and Recycling – Closing the Loop

Author(s): Andrew R. Jupp, Steven Beijer, Ganesha C. Narain, Willem Schipper, J. Chris Slootweg
Published in: Chemical Society Review, Issue 50, 2021, Page(s) 87-101, ISSN 0306-0012
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
DOI: 10.1039/d0cs01150a

A computer-based approach to redesign chemicals for reduced environmental hazards

Author(s): Dijk, Joanke van; Flerlage, Hannah; Beijer, Steven; Slootweg, J. Chris; Wezel, Annemarie P. van; Global Ecohydrology and Sustainability; Environmental Sciences
Published in: Chemosphere, Issue 13, 2022, ISSN 0045-6535
Publisher: Pergamon Press Ltd.
DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2022.134050

Understanding the future of bio-based fertilisers: The EU's policy and implementation

Author(s): Ari Kurniawati, Petra Stankovics, Yahya Shafiyuddin Hilmi, Gergely Toth, Marzena Smol, Zoltan Toth
Published in: Sustainable Chemistry for Climate Action, Issue 3, 2023, Page(s) 100033, ISSN 2772-8269
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
DOI: 10.1016/j.scca.2023.100033

Potential ammonia volatilization from 39 different novel biobased fertilizers on the European market – A laboratory study using 5 European soils

Author(s): Laerke Western-Larsen, Dorette Sophie Müller-Stöver, Tapio Salo, Lars Stoumann Jensen
Published in: Journal of Environmental Management, Issue 323, 2022, Page(s) 116249, ISSN 0301-4797
Publisher: Academic Press
DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2022.116249

Assessing the phosphorus demand in European agricultural soils based on the Olsen method

Author(s): Ramiro Recena; Ana M. García-López; José M. Quintero; Annaliina Skyttä; Kari Ylivainio; Jakob Santner; Else Buenemann; Antonio Delgado
Published in: Journal of Cleaner Production, Issue 379, 2022, Page(s) 134749, ISSN 0959-6526
Publisher: Elsevier BV
DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2022.134749

Identyfikacja barier i sił napędowych produkcji oraz wykorzystania nawozów pochodzenia organicznego [en: Identification of barriers and driving forces for the production and use of organic fertilizers].

Author(s): Katarzyna Kraj, Marzena Smol
Published in: PRZEMYSL CHEMICZNY, Issue 101(2), 2022, Page(s) 126-134, ISSN 0033-2496
Publisher: Wydawnictwo SIGMA
DOI: 10.15199/62.2022.2.8

Improving the prediction of fertilizer phosphorus availability to plants with simple, but non-standardized extraction techniques

Author(s): Olivier Duboc, Alicia Hernandez-Mora, Walter W. Wenzel, Jakob Santner
Published in: Science of The Total Environment, 2021, Page(s) 150486, ISSN 0048-9697
Publisher: Elsevier BV
DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.150486

Organic contaminants in bio-based fertilizer treated soil: Target and suspect screening approaches

Author(s): Supta Das, Rick Helmus, Yang Dong, Steven Beijer, Antonia Praetorius, John R. Parsons, Boris Jansen
Published in: Chemosphere, Issue 337, 2023, Page(s) 139261, ISSN 0045-6535
Publisher: Pergamon Press Ltd.
DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2023.139261

Transition to circular economy in the fertilizer sector – Analysis of recommended directions and end-users´ perceptions of waste-based products in Poland

Author(s): Marzena Smol
Published in: Energies, Issue 14, 2021, Page(s) 4312, ISSN 1996-1073
Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
DOI: 10.3390/en14144312

Simultaneous detection of pesticides and pharmaceuticals in three types of bio-based fertilizers by an improved QuEChERS method coupled with UHPLC-q-ToF-MS/MS

Author(s): Yan Dong,Supta Das,John R.Parsons,Antonia Praetorius,Eva de Rijke,Rick Helmus,J. Chris Slootweg,Boris Jansen
Published in: Journal of Hazardous Materials, Issue 458, 2023, Page(s) 131992, ISSN 0304-3894
Publisher: Elsevier BV
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2023.131992

Alternatives for Circular Bioeconomy in Organic Farming under Excessive Nutrients (Goat manure and Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi): A Case Study in Indonesia

Author(s): Ari Kurniawati; Ratna Dwi Hirma Windriyati; Nur Kholida Wulansari; Gergely Tóth; Zoltán Tóth
Published in: Sustainability, Issue 13, 2021, Page(s) 12333, ISSN 2071-1050
Publisher: MDPI Open Access Publishing
DOI: 10.3390/su132212333

Ecotoxicological methods to evaluate the toxicity of bio-based fertilizer application to agricultural soils – A review

Author(s): Sophia Albert, Elke Bloem
Published in: Science of The Total Environment, Issue 879, 2023, ISSN 0048-9697
Publisher: Elsevier BV
DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2023.163076

Predicting relative agronomic efficiency of phosphorus-rich organic residues

Author(s): Kari Ylivainio, Alma Lehti, Johannes Jermakka, Hanne Wikberg, Eila Turtola
Published in: Science of The Total Environment, Issue 773, 2021, Page(s) 145618, ISSN 0048-9697
Publisher: Elsevier BV
DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.145618

Remediating Agricultural Legacy Nutrient Loads in the Baltic Sea Region

Author(s): Julia Tanzer, Ralf Hermann, Ludwig Hermann
Published in: Sustainability, Issue 13/7, 2021, Page(s) 3872, ISSN 2071-1050
Publisher: MDPI Open Access Publishing
DOI: 10.3390/su13073872

Searching for OpenAIRE data...

There was an error trying to search data from OpenAIRE

No results available