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Potential and Validation of Sustainable Natural & Advance Technologies for Water & Wastewater Treatment, Monitoring and Safe Water Reuse in India

Periodic Reporting for period 3 - PAVITR (Potential and Validation of Sustainable Natural & Advance Technologies for Water & Wastewater Treatment, Monitoring and Safe Water Reuse in India)

Période du rapport: 2022-02-01 au 2024-01-31

PAVITR project has validated, developed, and deployed fourteen cost-effective & sustainable technologies (prototype size), which can be up-scaled in India to tackle water challenges, ensure safe water reuse, improve water quality of rivers and restore degraded ecosystems with a large spectrum of pollution grade, using nature-based and advanced technologies.
PAVITR also devised strategies to optimize pollution monitoring using innovative sensors, enhancing real-time data accessibility in India. By adopting a holistic approach, PAVITR has addressed shared challenges in Europe and India, promoting international cooperation and research in water management. PAVITR has also served as a platform for scientific collaboration between Europe and India, emphasizing respect and gender inclusion.
The key achievements of the project include the installation of 14 technologies, serving over 58,000 people across different regions in India. Currently, the project is treating approximately 1,500 cubic meters of wastewater daily, a substantial increase from the initial estimate of 454 cubic meters. Additionally, comprehensive assessments, including life cycle analyses and cost-benefit evaluations, were conducted for three key technologies. These efforts have resulted in the development of successful prototypes ready for market entry, furthering the project's impact. Furthermore, the project has played a pivotal role in capacity building for Indian SMEs, with 27 letters of intent signed. Moreover, the project contributed significantly to academic research, with 16 PhD and 6 MSc theses developed, along with the publication of 22 articles in scientific peer reviewed journals.
The demonstrative installations of the PAVITR project provide tangible evidence of its success, showcasing innovative and sustainable water management technologies. These achievements not only surpass the initial goals but also pave the way for future sustainable water management initiatives, both nationally and internationally.
Over the course of the project, the consortium has diligently carried out a comprehensive array of tasks that with the culmination of our efforts has yielded notable results and significant milestones, showcasing the success in the development and implementation of PAVITR project objectives.
1. Design and adaptation plan of the PAVITR systems: PAVITR developed and implemented a detailed plan for designing, developing and implementing 14 different technologies for water and wastewater treatment.
2. Research and enhancement strategy: PAVITR implemented a robust research and enhancement strategy to ensure that its systems remain at the forefront of the innovation.
3. International workshops and training sessions: PAVITR conducted 20 international workshops and training sessions to share knowledge and best practices with other industry professionals, academics and key stakeholders. This is an essential part of its mission to promote sustainable practices and ensure that its systems are used effectively and efficiently. The PAVITR project has gained favorable public reception and received strong backing from Indian authorities.
4. Management module plan: PAVITR developed a comprehensive plan to ensure the systems are properly maintained and operated. This included regular maintenance and monitoring plans as well as training for operators and technicians.
5. Successful development and submission of user manuals of the PAVITR prototypes.
6. Life Cycle Assessment and Process optimization: keeping the consistency with our mission to promote sustainable practices, PAVITR assessed the environmental impact of three of the most representative systems (SRP, SBR, HRAP) by implementing the LCA methodology.
7. Preliminary planning, scenario development, technical evaluation and optimization: PAVITR developed a GIS-based approach for preliminary planning and scenario development for water and sanitation management solutions.
8. Adaptation and installation of the 14 PAVITR technologies to adequately address the unique regional conditions and meet the unique needs of its stakeholders. This is a significant achievement that demonstrates the effectiveness and reliability of its systems.
9. Technical evaluation of the installed systems to ensure that they are operating at peak performance: this encompasses testing, monitoring and analysis to identify areas for improvement and optimize the systems performance.
10. Research questions: continuous research has been conducted, in order to stay up to date with the latest developments, and continuously improving the performance and efficiency of its systems.
11. Definition of Policy Briefs and Roadmap to Market Entry: key areas for action in water treatment technologies were identified, leading to the creation of three Policy Briefs. These briefs formed the basis for advocacy efforts, engaging stakeholders and policymakers in India. Consortium activities developed across India, facilitated dialogue and promoted key messages. As result, 27 Indian SMEs have been engaged, advancing the project's path to market entry.

Overall, PAVITR has adopted a comprehensive strategy to maximize visibility and impact of the results. The successful implementation of the exploitation and dissemination plan made it possible to reach more than 59,000 people between academics, researchers, policy makers, industry, communities and the general public as well as other key stakeholders.
The project's impact extends far beyond its immediate beneficiaries, setting a precedent for sustainable water management practices in India and beyond.
PAVITR has made significant steps to move forward sanitation technologies by focusing on scalability and implementation. Through collaboration with stakeholders and local authorities, the project has facilitated the establishment of resource-oriented and decentralized sanitation systems at a local level. Demonstrative installations have been serving over 58,000 people, surpassing the projected 45,000. The project has excelled in validating and deploying cost-effective, sustainable technologies, achieving TRL levels of 6 to 9.
By utilizing products from the sanitation chain, the project incentivizes the operation and maintenance of these systems, fostering long-term societal, health, and environmental benefits. The project promotes resource-oriented sanitation systems through collaboration with stakeholders and local authorities. This enables the implementation of systems and the utilization of products from the sanitation chain. Support from entrepreneurs enhances sustainable agriculture, food security, environmental protection, and local economic growth. Collaboration and knowledge exchange between the European and Indian consortia have led to the development of innovative solutions. By combining EU technologies with Indian materials and techniques, the partnership tailors effective and sustainable solutions to meet the unique needs of end-users in India. Additionally, ongoing cost-benefit analyses provided valuable insights into the economic viability of our solutions, guiding future investment decisions. Comprehensive documentation will facilitate certification and replication, enhancing the credibility and marketability of our technologies.
PAVITR has successfully established safe and sustainable sanitation systems, minimizing risks to both people and the environment.
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