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Democratic Efficacy and the Varieties of Populism in Europe

Deliverables

Communication and Dissemination

Delivery dates: Months 4, 6, 12, 18, and 36 D11.1 Communication and Dissemination: It comprises: • A communication dissemination and sustainability plan with a Mid-term (Months 12 and 18) and final (Month 36) impact evaluation report on CDSP communication strategy update, including media coverage section and social media impact analysis in addition to one policy brief annex at month 12. • A stakeholder engagement strategy (Month 4, with updates in months 12, 18 and 36); • Project communication & dissemination materials (i.e., website, social media, blog posts, short project videos, quarterly newsletter, press briefs, and the Scientific Communication Platform (Months 6 – 36) • Final conference and policy roundtable: To take place in Brussels (Month 36) with estimated number of 50 press cuts and final impact evaluation report on CDSP, in addition to a Sustainability report with recommendations on how to best exploit project findings beyond the project period, and ways in which partners may stay involved in the follow up of activities and a policy brief annex. A debrief on the roundtable will be included in the final Technical Report, as an annex.

Quality Assurance Plan

A list of evaluation criteria (D10.1) will then culminate in a larger Quality Assurance Plan (QAP) to ensure that the project’s overall policies, participant roles and responsibilities, the quality procedures and the means of ensuring that all the activities (R&D activities, deliverable writing, etc.) are in conformance with the contract provisions and specifications (D10.2).

Report on kick-off meeting

D1.3 Report on kick-off meeting (Month 1).

Conceptualizing democratic efficacy; Conceptualizing the varieties of populism

Lead beneficiaries: KTU and ELIAMEP Links to WP: 3 & 2. D3.1 description: Report on the concept and measurement (indicators) of democratic efficacy. (Month 5 – to be delivered jointly with D2.1)) refines the initial definition of democratic efficacy, identifying the indicators for the relevant dimensions and elements of the concept. Using national and international surveys, interaction effects will be tested between the dimensions of the concept. Varieties of democratic efficacy with slightly different indicators will be developed and empirically tested for validity, reliability and applicability in different countries. Lead: CSS HAS, contributors: GCU, KTU, UVA, UHAM, UNITO, AMU D2.1 description: Report on the conceptualisation of populism and the changing notions of populism in the academic literature, and analysing varieties of populism across Europe and beyond (Month 5) - The task will analyse the different conceptualisations of populism, including philosophical, sociological, cultural and gender-based approaches; offer a synthesis and define varieties of populism for comparative research to be undertaken in the rest of WPs. Furthermore, the task will also reflect on what is to be gained from existing analyses of populism outside of Europe, namely in Latin America. The purpose of this will be to correct possible Eurocentric bias as, despite differences with Europe, the experience of populism in Latin America is a very important source for the study of the origins and role of populism in a democratic context. The task will also refine the tentative analytical framework (presented in the Concepts part of the proposal) to create a typology of European populisms. Research methods: literature review, theoretical work. Lead: ELIAMEP. Contributions from CCS HAS, SKAMBA, CU, and UB.

Triggers of populism; Democratic efficacy: the state of the art; Populist attitudes and emotions; and policy brief annex

LEAD: ELIAMEP, KTU, UVA (WPS 2, 3, AND 4) D2.2:Report on populist actors, discourses, institutional contexts and policies that trigger populism. Additionally, a policy annex will be included.(Month 12) D3.2: Report on the state of democratic efficacy in the member states as well as its relationship to educational systems, and schools. (Month 12 – to be delivered jointly with D2.2 with a policy brief annex) D4.2: Report of the survey on the relations between identity, emotions, trust and populist attitudes in the countries involved (Month 12 – to be delivered jointly with D2.2 and included in respective policy brief annex)

Validation Criteria

UHAM will define the standards through which project activities and results should be validated. This task will begin after the end of a state-of-the-art review (month 6) that provides experts with the most updated evidence on which project activities will be based and define criteria for research to be carried out within each WP.

Measuring populism

Measures of populism and of predictors of populism (overall index at country level and individual survey measures of support for populist arguments)

Data Management Plan

Due Date: 6 and 36. DEMOS takes into account the importance of making research data accessible and available for sharing among interested audiences and plans on using the existing data archives and services to ensure proper curation, preservation and sharing of collected/generated data. As DEMOS is keen on being part of the Pilot on Open Research Data in Horizon 2020, it will develop a detailed Data Management Plan (D1.3) as part of its project management activities to be implemented throughout the project lifetime. Information will be gathered from partner institutions regarding relevant national and institutional regulations, it will be followed by the drafting of Guidelines for Data Protection and Ethics document and then, by the end of Month 6 a Data Management Plan will be finalised. The Plan will be evaluated and adapted yearly to ensure its usefulness and relevance. The partners will develop the Data Management Plan following the existing H2020 guidelines and standards including those produced by the different data archives and services (as available through Council of European Social Sciences Data Archives). DEMOS’ partners will liaise with CESSDA-ERIC members in their respective home countries (where there is such a data archive/service) to deposit the data collected through the Data Services/Data Archives for coding, anonymisation of data, ethical and privacy issues, storage and sharing, etc. Furthermore, all project deliverables will be publicly available via the project website. Though costs related to Open Access publishing for scientific papers and publications produced throughout DEMOS’ lifetime have not been budgeted, all partners will engage in ‘green’ open access, i.e. self-archiving, whereby published articles or final peer-reviewed manuscripts are archived by the researcher, or a representative, in an online repository before, after, or alongside its publication. The Data Management Plan will be revised in Month 36 as part of the final conference and the policy roundtable (D11.2.)

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Publications

Labor Law Reforms after the Populist Turn in Hungary

Author(s): Sara Hungler
Published in: Review of Central and East European Law, 08 March 2022, 2022, Page(s) 84-114, ISSN 0925-9880
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
DOI: 10.1163/15730352-bja10063

Explaining Judicial Populism in Hungary – a Legal Realist Approach

Author(s): Mátyás Bencze
Published in: Iuris Dictio, 17 May 2020, 2020, Page(s) pp. 83-96, ISSN 2528-7834
Publisher: Universidad San Francisco de Quito
DOI: 10.18272/iu.v25i25.1635

How populist are populist parties in France? Understanding parties’ strategies within a systemic approach

Author(s): Martin Baloge and Nicolas Hubé
Published in: European Journal of Cultural and Political Sociology, 9(1), 2022, Page(s) 62-82, ISSN 2325-4815
Publisher: Taylor and Francis Ltd.
DOI: 10.1080/23254823.2021.2016455

The reference to constitutional traditions in populist constitutionalism – The case of Hungary

Author(s): Fruzsina Gárdos-Orosz
Published in: Hungarian Journal of Legal Studies, 61(1), 2021, Page(s) 23-51, ISSN 2560-1067
Publisher: Akadémiai Kiadó (AK)
DOI: 10.1556/2052.2021.00298

Sectoral Special Taxes in Hungary as Instruments of a Populist Fiscal Policy: A Legal Analysis

Author(s): Marton Varju and Mónika Papp
Published in: Review of Central and East European Law, 08 March 2022, 2022, Page(s) 60-83, ISSN 0925-9880
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
DOI: 10.1163/15730352-bja10061

Can Human Evolution Help us Understand Support for Populist Movements?

Author(s): Bogdan Ianosev, Osman Sahin
Published in: Political Insight, 11/3, 2020, Page(s) 26-29, ISSN 2041-9058
Publisher: SAGE journals
DOI: 10.1177/2041905820958820

How populists securitize elections to win them: the 2015 double elections in TurkeyPublished online by Cambridge University Press: 11 Janua

Author(s): Osman Şahin
Published in: New Perspectives on Turkey, 11 January 2021, 2021, Page(s) 7-30, ISSN 1305-3299
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
DOI: 10.1017/npt.2020.34

Boris Kollár and OĽaNO Party Communication on Facebook

Author(s): Adina Marincea, Andrej Školkay
Published in: Politické vedy, 23/4, 2020, Page(s) 109-136, ISSN 1335-2741
Publisher: Belianum, Matej Bel University Press
DOI: 10.24040/politickevedy.2020.23.4.109-136

Does context matter? A cross-country investigation of the effects of the media context on external and internal political efficacy

Author(s): Marton Bene
Published in: International Journal of Comparative Sociology, 2020, Page(s) 002071522093006, ISSN 0020-7152
Publisher: SAGE Publications
DOI: 10.1177/0020715220930065

Justifying supranational responses to the anti-constitutionalist challenge: Applying liberal multiculturalism as a background theory

Author(s): Zsolt Körtvélyesi and Balázs Majtényi
Published in: Global Constitutionalism, 20 October 2020, 2021, Page(s) pp. 500 - 523, ISSN 2045-3825
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
DOI: 10.1017/s2045381720000258

Paradoxes of populism in the pandemic and beyond

Author(s): Zsolt Boda
Published in: Intersections, 29 December 2021, 2021, Page(s) 21-28, ISSN 2416-089X
Publisher: Centre for Social Sciences
DOI: 10.17356/ieejsp.v7i3.933

When Populist Leaders Govern: Conceptualising Populism in Policy Making

Author(s): Attila Bartha, Zsolt Boda, Dorottya Szikra
Published in: Politics and Governance, 8/3, 2020, Page(s) 71-81, ISSN 2183-2463
Publisher: Cogitatio
DOI: 10.17645/pag.v8i3.2922

Two Decades of Penal Populism – The Case of Hungary

Author(s): Zsolt Boda, Mihály Tóth, Miklós Hollán, and Attila Bartha
Published in: Review of Central and East European Law, 08 March 2022, 2022, Page(s) 115-138, ISSN 0925-9880
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
DOI: 10.1163/15730352-bja10060

Anxious and Angry: Emotional Responses to the COVID-19 Threat

Author(s): David Abadi, Irene Arnaldo, and Agneta Fischer
Published in: Frontiers in Psychology, 31 August 2021, 2021, ISSN 1664-1078
Publisher: Frontiers Research Foundation
DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.676116

Rule of law vs. Poland and Hungary – An inconsistent approach?

Author(s): Nasiya Darminova
Published in: Hungarian Journal of Legal Studies, 60(3), 2021, Page(s) pp. 236-259, ISSN 2560-1067
Publisher: Akadémiai Kiadó (AK)
DOI: 10.1556/2052.2019.00015

‘Everyday Judicial Populism’ in Hungary

Author(s): Mátyás Bencze
Published in: Review of Central and East European Law, 08 March 2022, 2022, Page(s) 37-59, ISSN 0925-9880
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
DOI: 10.1163/15730352-bja10062

Populist Political Movement Sme rodina – Boris Kollár (We Are a Family – Boris Kollár)

Author(s): Andrej Školkay, Viera Žúborová
Published in: Środkowoeuropejskie Studia Polityczne, 4, 2020, Page(s) 5-26, ISSN 1731-7517
Publisher: Central European political studies
DOI: 10.14746/ssp.2019.4.1

‘Refugees are not welcome’: Digital racism, online place-making and the evolving categorization of Syrians in Turkey

Author(s): Ozge Ozduzen, Umut Korkut, Cansu Ozduzen
Published in: New Media & Society, 2020, Page(s) 146144482095634, ISSN 1461-4448
Publisher: SAGE Publications
DOI: 10.1177/1461444820956341

Illegal Legality and the Façade of Good Faith – Migration and Law in Populist Hungary

Author(s): Tamás Hoffmann
Published in: Review of Central and East European Law, 08 March 2022, 2022, Page(s) 139-165, ISSN 0925-9880
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
DOI: 10.1163/15730352-bja10059

Populism and Law in Hungary – Introduction to the Special Issue

Author(s): Tamás Hoffmann and Fruzsina Gárdos-Orosz
Published in: Review of Central and East European Law, 08 March 2022, 2022, Page(s) 1-11, ISSN 0925-9880
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
DOI: 10.1163/15730352-bja10058

Two Influential Concepts: Socialist Legality and Constitutional Identity and Their Impact on the Independence of the Judiciary

Author(s): Fruzsina Gardos-Orosz
Published in: German Law Journal, 22 (SI 7), 2021, Page(s) 1327 -1343, ISSN 2071-8322
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
DOI: 10.1017/glj.2021.70

Constitutional Changes in Populist Times

Author(s): Zoltán Szente
Published in: Review of Central and East European Law, 08 March 2022, 2022, Page(s) 12-36, ISSN 0925-9880
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
DOI: 10.1163/15730352-47010001

When populists govern: The case of economic and criminal justice policy in Bosnia and Hercegovina

Author(s): Borko Mihajlović and Veljko Turanjanin
Published in: Archive for Legal and Social Sciences​, 2(1), 2020, Page(s) 5-24
Publisher: University for Business Engineering and Management
DOI: 10.7251/apdn2001005m

Covid-19 and emergency laws in Denmark

Author(s): Annemette Fallentin Nyborg, Sune Klinge, Helle Krunke, and Jens Elo Rytter
Published in: Svensk Juristtidning, 10/2020, 2020, Page(s) 1098-1115, ISSN 0039-6591
Publisher: Svensk Juristtidning

Populism and Pronatality Policy with Reference to BIH

Author(s): Boris Krešić
Published in: Archive for Legal and Social Sciences, 2(1), 2020, Page(s) 25-37
Publisher: University for Business Engineering and Management
DOI: 10.7251/apdn2001025k

The Effect of Political Regimes on Policy Agendas: A Theoretical Framework

Author(s): Zsolt Boda
Published in: Policy Agendas in Autocracy, and Hybrid Regimes: The Case of Hungary, 02 June 2021, 2021, Page(s) pp. 19-32, ISBN 978-3-030-73222-6
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-73223-3

France: Governmental unpreparedness as a discursive opportunity for populists

Author(s): Martin Baloge and Nicolas Hubé
Published in: Populism and the Politicization of the COVID-19 Crisis in Europe, 02 March 2021, 2021, Page(s) -, ISBN 978-3-030-66011-6
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-66011-6_5

Spain: Is ideology back in populist discourse?

Author(s): Jaume Magre, Lluis Medir, and Esther Pano
Published in: Populism and the Politicization of the COVID-19 Crisis in Europe, 02 March 2021, 2021, Page(s) -, ISBN 978-3-030-66011-6
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-66011-6_3

Italy: Populist in the mirror, (de)politicizing the COVID-19 from government and opposition

Author(s): Arturo Bertero and Antonella Seddone
Published in: Populism and the Politicization of the COVID-19 Crisis in Europe, 02 March 2021, 2021, Page(s) -, ISBN 978-3-030-66011-6
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-66011-6_4

Covid-19 and Constitutional Law in Denmark

Author(s): Sune Klinge, Helle Krunke, Annemette Fallentin Nyborg, and Jens Elo Rytter
Published in: Covid-19 and Constitutional Law. Covid-19 et droit constitutionnel, 21/2020, 2020, Page(s) pp. 131-139, ISBN 978-607-30-4290-1
Publisher: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Instituto de Investigaciones Jurídicas

Democratic Efficacy and Populist Attitudes: A Conceptual and Empirical Exploration

Author(s): Márton Bene and Zsolt Boda
Published in: Current Populism in Europe: Gender-Backlash and Counter-strategies, April 2021, 2021, Page(s) pp. 65-78, ISBN 978-80-88289-26-5
Publisher: HBS Prague

UK: Between managed moderation and far-right conspiracy theories

Author(s): Osman Sahin and Bogdan Ianosev
Published in: Populism and the Politicization of the COVID-19 Crisis in Europe, 02 March 2021, 2021, ISBN 978-3-030-66011-6
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-66011-6_2

Between mitigation and dramatization: The effect of the COVID-19 crisis on populists’ discourses and strategies

Author(s): Giuliano Bobba and Nicolas Hubé
Published in: Populism and the Politicization of the COVID-19 Crisis in Europe, 02 March 2021, 2021, Page(s) -, ISBN 978-3-030-66011-6
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-66011-6_10

COVID-19 and Populism: A Sui Generis Crisis

Author(s): Giuliano Bobba and Nicolas Hubé
Published in: Populism and the Politicization of the COVID-19 Crisis in Europe, 02 March 2021, 2021, ISBN 978-3-030-66011-6
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-66011-6_1

Populism, Party Politics and the Economic Crisis in Greece: a Comparison with the case of Portugal

Author(s): Dimitri A. Sotiropoulos
Published in: Greece and the Euro: from crisis to recovery, July 2021, 2021, Page(s) pp. 252-282
Publisher: Hellenic Observatory, London School of Economics and Political Science

The COVID-19 Related Communication of Italian Politicians and Its Success on Facebook

Author(s): Arturo Bertero
Published in: Current Populism in Europe: Gender-Backlash and Counter-strategies, April 2021, 2021, Page(s) pp. 79-94, ISBN 978-80-88289-26-5
Publisher: HBS Prague

Transnational Solidarity Among European Cities

Author(s): Helle Krunke and Katarina Hovden
Published in: Transnational Solidarity: Concept, Challenges and Opportunities, 04 July 2020, 2020, Page(s) pp. 393-417, ISBN 9781108766593
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
DOI: 10.1017/9781108766593.019

Poland: ‘If we don't elect the President, the country will plunge into chaos’

Author(s): Artur Lipiński
Published in: Populism and the Politicization of the COVID-19 Crisis in Europe, 02 March 2021, 2021, Page(s) -, ISBN 978-3-030-66011-6
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-66011-6_9

Germany: The AfD’s Staggering between Reason and Resistance

Author(s): Oliver W. Lembcke
Published in: Populism and the Politicization of the COVID-19 Crisis in Europe, 02 March 2021, 2021, Page(s) -, ISBN 978-3-030-66011-6
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-66011-6_6

The Cause and Retort of Populism: A Formal Political Reasoning (Politics) Without Distinct Ideology as a Response to a Political-Moral Crisis – Turning Laclau’s Theory into a Research Tool

Author(s): Andrej Školkay
Published in: Current Populism in Europe: Gender-Backlash and Counter-strategies, April 2021, 2021, Page(s) pp. 95-113, ISBN 978-80-88289-26-5
Publisher: HBS Prague

Czech Republic: Running the State like a Family Business

Author(s): Ondřej Císař and Michal Kubát
Published in: Populism and the Politicization of the COVID-19 Crisis in Europe, 02 March 2021, 2021, Page(s) -, ISBN 978-3-030-66011-6
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-66011-6_8

Hungary: Crisis as usual - Populist governance and the pandemic

Author(s): Márton Bene and Zsolt Boda
Published in: Populism and the Politicization of the COVID-19 Crisis in Europe, 02 March 2021, 2021, Page(s) -, ISBN 978-3-030-66011-6
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-66011-6_7

Us vs. Them: A Dataset of Populist Attitudes, News Bias and Emotions

Author(s): Pere-Lluís Huguet Cabot, David Abadi, Agneta Fischer, and Ekaterina Shutova
Published in: Proceedings of the 16th Conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Main Volume, April 19 - 23, 2021, 2021, Page(s) 1921–1945
Publisher: Association for Computational Linguistics
DOI: 10.18653/v1/2021.eacl-main.165

The Pragmatics behind Politics: Modelling Metaphor, Framing and Emotion in Political Discourse

Author(s): Pere-Lluís Huguet Cabot, Verna Dankers, David Abadi, Agneta Fischer, and Ekaterina Shutova
Published in: Findings of the Association for Computational Linguistics: EMNLP 2020, November 16 - 20, 2020, 2020, Page(s) 4479–4488
Publisher: Association for Computational Linguistics
DOI: 10.18653/v1/2020.findings-emnlp.402