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Advancing Alternative Migration Governance

Periodic Reporting for period 1 - ADMIGOV (Advancing Alternative Migration Governance)

Reporting period: 2019-02-01 to 2020-01-31

"AdMiGov's central goal is to asses well-managed migration policies and develop comprehensive indicators for ""good"" migrations governance, in line with current UN standards. Sustainable Development Goal 10.7 and the New York Declaration were starting points. Facilitating orderly, safe, and responsible migration and mobility of people, through implementation of planned and well-managed migration policies, is important for society because it relates to a better implementation of basic human rights of people all over the world.

The project is structured arround two interrelated parts that address, respectively, the key moments and places where migration governance intervenes, and the key structuring principles of migration governance. The first part focuses on the most relevant moments and places where migration governance of the EU and the Member States intervene. This primarily centres on Entry, Exit, and more complex mixed schemes. The second part focuses on practices on the ground in the light of the principles of protection and sustainable development. Protection, as grounded in international law, provides attention to the rights of citizens in general with special attention to refugees and undocumented migrants as target categories, and to human rights and protection gaps as central issues. In the case of EU and EU Member States’ migration governance, such protection gaps are expected to manifest themselves typically in places where crisis management of asylum migration is installed. The principle of Sustainable Development, as formulated in the SDG2030, addresses economic inequality, political instability and development as root causes of migration, but also the other way around: migration and migrants as potential remedies for inequality and instability. The crucial question here is what migration governance does/can do to create conditions for a positive contribution to migration and development at the micro, meso and macro levels both in the country of origin but also on Europe's labour market.

The approach aims to address the specific challenge of multilevel migration governance, and in particular the discussion on migration governance models that would be applicable to the EU and its member states:
1) Investigate whether the assumptions currently informing the development of global migration governance regimes correspond to the practices in place, and needs identified by refugee and migration governance actors and practitioners;
2) Identify, across different areas of concern for migration governance (entry – circulation - exit and the principles of protection and sustainable development), initiatives, measures and practices that are found to be either efficient or desirable by the actors and practitioners of migration governance;
3) Develop, on the basis of this evidence, proposals for alternative and innovative migration governance models, including indicators for good migration governance."
"In the first reporting period (1 Feb 2019-1 Feb 2020) important effort was a undertaken to prepare a good conceptual frame for the central concept ""Good"" Migration Governance. This will enable the team to merge all the results of the project later on in work package 7. Deliverable D7.1 presents such a conceptual frame and then proceeds with an overview of the existing academic literature on indicators of good migration governance. The starting points as formulated in D7.1 can be implemented in all the other work packages.

All scientific effort related to Work Package 1 regarding migration governance of ""Entry"" was finished in this period. This has resulted in four reports: Deliverable 1.1 Paper: “Legal and institutional mapping of regular entry governance regimes in the European Union,” takes a juridical approach. In Deliverable 1.2 ""Operational practices of EU entry governance at air, land and sea border"", the on the ground situation in these three contexts is studied. In Deliverable 1.3 Paper: "" The political economy of entry governance"", the focus is on businesses and tech development. Deliverable 1.4 is the WP1 Final Report on Entry, which summarizes and concludes and brings the effort in the work package together on a more abstract level.

All reports can be retrieved from the AdMiGov website """".

In the other work package, more specific conceptual work was done, and preparation took place for the larger fieldworks in year 2. Work package 5's fieldwork interviewing migrants on the move in Italy and Greece has started in 2019.

The AdMiGov website was very successful with more than 20,000 hits. Team members also disseminated their approach and first results on several academic conferences, and presented their approach and the first results in three workshops with policy makers in Brussels and in Den Haag in the Netherlands."
ADMIGOV intends to:

• “inform policies, programming and actions contributing to EU and global migration governance based on human rights …”.
• “inform policy […] in cooperation with unions and employers, migrant and youth associations, cities and municipalities”.
• “Contribute to developing migration governance structures, policies and instruments within Europe, in the wider neighbourhood and in the global context, including development, investment and trade policies.”
• “Contribute to measuring the SDGs devoted to migration governance.”
• “Contribute to critically accompany and appraise the reform process of the EU’s asylum regimes as well as the external dimension of EU migration policies.”

In addition, ADMIGOV will address the tensions between migration management, human rights, refugee protection and development in order to improve relations and ease tensions that currently impact effective and fair migration governance.
the land border
the sea border
the air border