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Integrated Modular Energy Systems and Local Flexibility Trading for Neural Energy Islands

Periodic Reporting for period 1 - MERLON (Integrated Modular Energy Systems and Local Flexibility Trading for Neural Energy Islands)

Reporting period: 2019-01-01 to 2020-06-30

The decarbonisation strategy of the energy system imposes the penetration of large shares of renewable energy sources and their effective integration in the electrical grid. However, the intermittency and variability of distributed renewable energy requires restructuring of the energy paradigm and emergence of innovative smart management of demand-supply equilibrium. The combination of diverse technologies and flexibility resources under a common optimisation platform established on local level, can unleash huge amounts of energy flexibility and utilise local resources for tackling local instabilities and imbalances. This problem is addressed through MERLON project, which develops a flexibility optimisation platform that covers:
•Integration of multiple DERs and optimal combination of local generation, demand, storage, EVs and interconnections with heterogeneous local energy networks
•Open and end-to-end interoperability
•Scalability and provision of grid services on local and global level in a Microgrid-as-a-Service approach
•Establishment of local and transparent flexibility markets empowering local stakeholders
•Enabling a human-centric framework to as a basis for local flexibility optimisation
Through optimisation clusters, such as MERLON, the EU vision to place prosumers and local stakeholders at the core of energy transition can be realised. Democratised energy flexibility markets within the ILES structures constitute natural candidates that can ensure the required openness and transparency for making flexibility trading a viable and attractive business case for prosumers and small-scale flexibility asset owners. In parallel through the establishment of local flexibility aggregators, the overall ILES flexibility can cover the entry requirements of balancing markets that refer to minimum capacity and energy volumes.
MERLON project’s overall objectives comprise safeguarding of local energy system reliability and transition to a decarbonised energy future through integrated flexibility optimisation and control strategies, digitisation of local energy communities, establishment of local flexibility markets, open standards-based interoperability, high replication potential around the EU as well as promotion of the MERLON solution as a next-generation ILES optimisation framework through intense dissemination and knowledge transfer of the project’s outcomes towards the targeted stakeholders and international audiences.
The main results achieved so far are summarised below for each WP:
•Two deliverables (D1.1 D1.2) have been completed regarding ethics management methodology and POPD rules within MERLON project
•Day-to-day management of the management and research activities, communication, monitoring
•Four deliverables have been completed defining management framework, innovation strategy and data handling (D2.1 D2.2 D2.3 D2.6) and other two stipulating the collaboration strategy within BRIDGE and on international level.
•Use Cases and deriving functional, non-functional and business requirements in D3.1
•Analysis of the socio-economic and regulatory obstacles towards the establishment of local energy communities in Spain and Austria in D3.2
•Performance, Measurement and Verification methodology including an initial KPI definition (D3.3)
•Ex-Ante pilot surveys in order to map the existing resources to be integrated from buildings suitable to join the DR program to local RES (D3.4 D3.6)
•Preliminary MERLON framework architecture (D3.8)
•Three deliverables on MERLON interoperability and data management framework including an analysis of interoperability standards (D4.1) an initial version of MERLON CIM (D4.2) and a demonstrator of the MERLON data management platform (D4.3)
•Three deliverables concerning simulation models and future energy scenarios (D5.1) an ILES reliability evaluation tool (D5.2) and the integrated “optimal planning and sizing” module (D5.3)
•Four deliverables have been completed with results on flexibility resource analysis (D6.1) flexibility profiling and forecasting of prosumers and EVs (D6.2) as well as smart aggregation and clustering (D6.4). The first release of the MERLON VTES module has also been accomplished (D6.3)
•Although no deliverable was scheduled to be completed by the first reporting period in WP7, significant progress has been made in the forecasting and the Flexibility Scheduling Module
•One deliverable has been submitted defining the project validation framework (D8.3) specifying scenarios per pilot site and KPI calculation formulas. In parallel, BESS and IoT equipment procurement processes in both pilot sites have initiated
•Six deliverables have been submitted up to date reporting the results concerning dissemination/communication activities (D9.2 & D9.7) local co-creation and living lab activities in the pilot sites (D9.1 & D9.6) as well as knowledge transfer activities performed in the frame of BRIDGE initiative (D9.3 & D9.8)
•Concrete results have been achieved in WP10 so far, such as the definition and assessment of new business models for ILES flexibility markets (D10.1) the elaboration of MERLON Exploitation strategy and Individual/ Clustered Exploitation Plans (D10.4) as well as the realisation of an extensive market intelligence activities (D10.3)
Impact activities performed within RP1 include the impact planning and definition of appropriate methodologies and tools. Namely the identification of target groups and analysis of their business requirements, the definition of knowledge transfer including data collection and management plan, the technical analysis and system architecture to support MERLON ICT platform as well as the establishment of the MERLON measurement and verification methodology. Mature impact activities performed at the latest stages of RP1 include further target quantification and monitoring tools. Additionally, activities have been conducted for enhancing stakeholder’s engagement and active participation, MERLON products have been defined along with their target customers. After the definition of MERLON CIM and the first release of several tools, certain pre-validation activities have been performed producing a preliminary, partial impact estimation. Indicatively:
•Energy savings by HVAC operation modification up to 20% during a month period within winter were estimated
•User perceived thermal comfort up to 97% was achieved within a week of operation in a thermal comfort mode
•Enhanced space temperature accuracy from the MERLON Virtual Thermal Energy Storage module
Within RP2 and especially at the late stages of the project, MERLON will provide safe results and quantified evaluation results concerning:
•Decarbonisation of the local energy system while ensuring a positive impact on the local economy and local social aspects
•Enhanced involvement of local energy prosumers, creation of energy communities in the development and the operation of local energy systems and testing new business models
•Validation of approaches to safe and secure local energy system that integrates significant shares of renewables
•Benchmarking technical solutions and business models that are replicable, acceptable by local citizens and provide positive environmental (e.g. CO2 emissions reduction) and socio-economic impact (e.g. jobs creation)