Enhanced prediction of granular materials' behaviour, based on their small-scale behaviour
Granular materials made up of many macroscopic particles are commonly encountered in numerous applications, from cement and sand for construction to pharmaceutical powders and nanomaterials for electronics, and more. Of particular interest is the behaviour of granular materials when subjected to large deformations. Both the microscopic properties and the macroscopic behaviours must be adequately represented. The EU-funded ICARUS project is developing multiscale numerical simulations that overcome existing challenges to various methodologies currently employed, enhancing our ability to minimise the risks associated with natural hazards.