CORDIS - EU research results
CORDIS

Revealing 1D ballistic charge and spin currents in second order topological insulators

Project description

Investigating the novel conducting properties of bismuth

Topological insulators are one of the most exciting areas in condensed matter physics. The bulk of this new state of quantum matter is insulating; current is carried only by the surface and is nearly dissipation-less. The EU-funded BALLISTOP project will investigate the charge and spin currents in second-order topological insulators. This new class of topological materials includes 3D crystals just like bismuth, which has novel conducting properties on the edges rather than on its bulk or surface. Researchers will further probe the ballistic nature of the 1D helical edge states of bismuth samples. Scanning tunnelling spectroscopy will allow them to observe Majorana particles in bismuth/superconductor particles. Work will open up the way to identify new high-order topological insulators.

Objective

One of the greatest recent achievement in Condensed matter physics is the discovery of a new class of materials, Topological Insulators (TI), whose bulk is insulating, while the edges conduct current in a quasi-ideal way. In particular, the 1D edges of 2DTI realize the Quantum Spin Hall state, where current is carried dissipationlessly by two counter-propagating ballistic edge states with a spin orientation locked to that of the propagation direction (a helical edge state). This opens many possibilities, ranging from dissipationless charge and spin transport at room temperature to new avenues for quantum computing. We propose to investigate charge and spin currents in a newly discovered class of TIs, Second Order Topological Insulators (SOTIs), i.e. 3D crystals with insulating bulk and surfaces, but perfectly conducting (topologically protected) 1D helical “hinge” states. Bismuth, despite its well-known semimetallic character, has recently been shown theoretically to belong to this class of materials, explaining our recent intriguing findings on nanowires. Our goal is to reveal, characterize and exploit the unique properties of SOTIs, in particular the high velocity, ballistic, and dissipationless hinge currents. We will probe crystalline bismuth samples with refined new experimental tools. The superconducting proximity effect will reveal the spatial distribution of conduction paths, and test the ballisticity of the hinge modes (that may coexist with non-topological surface modes). High frequency and tunnel spectroscopies of hybrid superconductor/Bi circuits will probe their topological nature, including the existence of Majorana modes. We will use high sensitivity magnetometers to detect the orbital magnetism of SOTI platelets, which should be dominated by topological edge currents. Lastly, we propose to detect the predicted equilibrium spin currents in 2DTIs and SOTIs via the generated electric field, using single electron transistors-based electrometers.

Host institution

CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS
Net EU contribution
€ 2 432 676,00
Address
RUE MICHEL ANGE 3
75794 Paris
France

See on map

Region
Ile-de-France Ile-de-France Paris
Activity type
Research Organisations
Links
Total cost
€ 2 432 676,00

Beneficiaries (1)