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STRATEGIC PLANNING OF REGIONS AND TERRITORIES IN EUROPE FOR LOW-CARBON ENERGY AND INDUSTRY THROUGH CCUS

Periodic Reporting for period 1 - STRATEGY CCUS (STRATEGIC PLANNING OF REGIONS AND TERRITORIES IN EUROPE FOR LOW-CARBON ENERGY AND INDUSTRY THROUGH CCUS)

Reporting period: 2019-05-01 to 2020-10-31

Despite CCS being a proven climate-mitigation technology earmarked for contributing a 14% reduction of global CO2 emissions by 2060 according to the latest IEA 2°C Scenario (2DS) , it has not yet started to be commercially deployed in Europe, except in Norway where there is a carbon tax on CO2 emissions of US $64/tCO2. There is an urgent need in Europe to engage in strategic planning for CCUS development, giving priority to local solutions before looking at wider European connection schemes.
The objective of the STRATEGY CCUS project is to develop strategic plans for CCUS development in Southern and Eastern Europe in the short term (up to 3 years), medium term (3-10 years) and long term (more than 10 years). Specific objectives are to:
•Develop local CCUS development plans, with local business models, within promising start-up regions;
•Develop connection plans with transport corridors between local CCUS clusters, and with the North Sea CCUS infrastructure, in order to improve performance and reduce costs, and contribute to build a Europe-wide CCUS infrastructure.
Eight promising regions, within seven countries representing 45% of the European industry and energy emissions in 2016 (EEA, 2018), are studied in the STRATEGY CCUS project:
Rhone Valley in France (Lyon and Fos-Marseille port area); Ebro Basin in Spain (including Tarragona industrial area, North Castellón and North Teruel); Lusitanian basin in Portugal (including the CO2 sources in the Leiria -Figueira da Foz axis, and extending to the Lisbon industrial region); Northern Croatia (including Zagreb and the Croatian part of Pannonian basin); Paris Basin (Ile de France and Centre Val de Loire Region) in France ; Upper Silesia in Poland (including the industrial areas of Katowice, Rybnik and Bedzi); West Macedonian area in Greece (including the Kozani and Ptolemaida industrial areas) and Galati area in Romania (including Galati, a port town on the Danube river, and its surroundings).
They were selected according to criteria relevant for the development of CCUS in Europe: presence of an industrial cluster, possibilities for CO2 storage and/or utilization, potential for coupling with hydrogen production and use, previous studies already carried out, and a political will.
Since the start of the first period (M1-M18), the strategic plans or Road Maps are being elaborated based on technical aspects, environmental impact of the Carbon Life Cycle, economical and socio-economic evaluations, and the involvement and recommendations of regional and national stakeholders. Besides, two advisory groups were constituted, the Industry Club and the Advisory Board, who are regularly consulted and informed on STRATEGY CCUS actions and will collaborate on the construction of these Road Maps.
The preliminary elements required to elaborated these Road Maps for CCUS deployment are technical aspects collected in the D2.2 – Data Collection such as CO2 sources and industrial cluster potential, presence of geological sinks and their capacity, possibilities for CO2 uses through distinct technologies and TRL, presence of corridors for transport and links to other regions at national and transnational scales.
The social aspects to be taken into account in the Road Maps refer to the needs and concerns of stakeholders who are playing a role in the CCUS technology at local and national level. In each region, main stakeholders were identified (D3.1) interviewed and invited to Regional Stakeholder Committees (RSC) (D3.2). Seven out of the eight RSCs were established in this 1st period, and the first series of workshops between RSCs and project partners completed in four of the eight regions.
The methodology for LCA (Life Cycle Assessment) and TEA (Techno-economic analysis) was defined, although it will be essentially applied to the 3 most promising regions, partners should nevertheless be able to apply it in their own regions. During the 1st GA, a vote procedure was organised to select these 3 promising regions, where everyone had a vote, including project partners and external body members (Industry Club and Advisory Board). The vote brought up 3 southern Europe countries as the most promising areas for CCUS deployment: Rhône Valley (France), Ebro Basin (Spain), Lusitanian basin (Portugal). These regions will now benefit from deep LCA and TEA analysis which will lead to enhance the feasibility of the scenarios being elaborated for their future implementation. As the project targets both Southern and Eastern Europe, it was internally decided that a more detailed Road Map would also be elaborated for Northern Croatia (4th place in the vote).
The description of maturity and confidence level of storage resources in every region followed a common methodology compatible with existing schemes (CSLF TERR, SPE SRMS), allowing outcomes to be transferred to equivalent classifications if required. The maturity and confidence level of storage resources were assessed giving an overview of theoretical and effective available storage resources in these 8 regions. Data on allocated allowances (free, auctioned or sold) of stationary installations in the promising regions were inventoried, at individual, cluster and national scale, based on the EU Emission Trading System (EU ETS) public records.
For the second period (M18-M36) Environmental aspects (Life Cycle Assessment-LCA of the CO2’s life cycle) and Techno-Economic Assessments of the Road Maps will be evaluated in detail for three most promising regions: the Rhone Valley (FR); Ebro Basin (ES) and Lusitanian Basin (PT). For the other 5 regions, social acceptance aspects will continue to be studied, although less detailed economic analysis should be conducted on the overall costs of the deployed scenarios, except for the North Croatia area where a deeper economic evaluation should be made.
STRATEGY CCUS expects to broaden the applicability of the CCUS technologies. The methodology devised for collecting technical data is based on a Hub and Cluster approach applied for each region and delineated pre-scenarios of clusters and hubs to be considered in the Road Maps. All relevant industrial sectors were identified for each region, with emitters ranging in size from as small as 13 kt/yr to 8.9 Mt/yr. The vast majority of the storage opportunities inventoried are located onshore, except for the Portuguese and the Romanian case studies, in which offshore storage was also identified.
A uniformised storage capacity assessment based on a common methodological approach described the quality of the data and suitability of the storage units was also laid in a standardise format using a BSA (Boston Square Analysis) approach. This allows to pinpoint uncertainties and better identify those storage sites with higher confidence.
Through the identification and involvement of important stakeholders in each region, STRATEGY CCUS is joining forces of relevant CCUS players for the elaboration of realistic CCUS Road Maps. Besides, representative of Cement Industry and industrial actors of CO2 supply, capture technology, transport and logistics, CO2 utilisation and chemical industry are collaborating with the project as member of the Industry Club.
Finally, with the proposed methodology for Multi Regional Input Output – MRIO, regions will be able to assess the CCUS impact on jobs and socio-economic aspects and then, find opportunities for the development of “low carbon industrial zones”.
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