Periodic Reporting for period 1 - YOUTH-HOME (Migrant male youth home-making in Ireland)
Reporting period: 2019-06-15 to 2021-06-14
Youth Home aimed to provide an understanding of what ‘home’ means for young male migrants from two groups of international students and refugees. The reason for this comparison was to analyse the impact of migratory pathways on an understanding of home, a gap in the knowledge about these two groups of male migrants. This focused ethnography on home-making practices used a multi-stage collaborative methodology within domestic spaces and urban areas using: walking methods, ‘taste of home’ method, photography and visual analysis, action research and narrative analysis.
The overall objectives were:
RO1. To critically evaluate how young male migrants’ integration needs are represented within social and political discourses (at local, national and EU levels) about young refugees and international students.
RO2. To analyse everyday domestic home-making practices, identities and understandings, using the intersectionality framework and focusing on gendered and aged experiences of migrants.
RO3. To assess the impact of young male migrants’ everyday (re)construction of ‘home’ in domestic spheres on their urban identifications in Irish society in order to learn how to create and facilitate urban belonging.
RO4. To produce knowledge for practitioner and policy-maker audiences at European level to enhance their understanding and appreciation of how to facilitate urban belonging among young male migrants.
Youth Home reveals new findings into understanding of home among young male migrants within two spaces (domestic and urban): A. material composition of domestic spaces are extremely important for young men’s sense of home such as using artefacts, creation of food, decorations and sharing objects, organising and practising religious and cultural rituals. B. the ethnography in urban spaces that the sense of belonging to the city remains provisional and shallow. Home-making practices in urban spaces was largely through solitary activities and lifestyles that made making a home ‘here and now’ difficult and a project that belonged to a future time. The importance of structural (im)possibilities in Irish society impact the sense of belonging and created a sense of isolation from the mainstream Irish population. We conclude that the role of borders and migration regimes, although not visible, are felt and experienced on everyday basis by these migrants.
Methodological contribution: Youth Home’s detailed and focused qualitative data that was ‘co-produced’ with participants, in different stages, not only depicted ‘how’ they make home, but also expanded the methods through which we can gain insight into migrants’ lives. Two new methods that were developed in this research walking methods combined with visual methods, used biographical methods. The paper discusses how walking methodology as a collaborative practice illuminating migrants’ movements within a city, offering a different method of mapping the urban space through the eyes and movements of migrants. The other innovative method was the importance of putting in practice the experience of co-existence and co-practice by ‘tasting home’ practice.
Some public impact has been achieved through the course of the fellowship by attracting children to think about home, urban belonging and home-making through an art practices during the Cork Discover (Nov 19). The website includs images, maps and interview extracts to depict the everyday practices of home-making by these migrants. A paper is being publishd in lay terms in an e-magazine (ViewFinder) Nov 20. A policy report has been prepared and will be distributed to Cork TDs (some of whom were contacted throughout the project to address the case of two of the refugee participants).