Periodic Reporting for period 1 - HomoPolitics (Greek Homonationalism: Entanglement of Sexual Politics with Issues of Race and Nationalism in the Case of Lesbian and Gay Movements and Queer Activist Groups in Greece)
Reporting period: 2019-09-01 to 2021-08-31
The above analyses have enabled me to understand the ways in which the LGBT movements and queer groups in Greece articulate their identities (sexual, national, racial) and political messages within a particular national context. Specifically, the main results achieved so far are:
(a) In relation to the Greek context, although Greek nationalism—especially after the rise of the neofascist Golden Dawn party in 2012—has been well-documented, with the exception of a handful of studies,its ethno-racial roots have remained largely unexplored. This means that, until now, Greek nationalism has been mainly theorised as being detached from race in the constitution of Greek subjectivity, with both race and nationalism representing external elements in the understanding of the national self. My own analysis and theorisation showed that whiteness, by remaining unmarked and hidden behind a colour-indifferent, victimisation-driven and gender and sexuality “neutral” conception of the nation, constitutes the core element in the realisation of the Greek national self.
(b) Following the above, within the field of Modern Greek studies, LGBT and queer subjects have been approached exclusively in terms of their erotic, emotional, and sexual practices rather than intersectionally in terms of their positionality as national—let alone racial—subjects. This conceptualisation arbitrarily implies that national and racial identifications maintain a secondary register in the formation of sexual subjectivities. My own analysis showed that the way in which the local LGBT and queer subjects experience their sexuality is inextricably tied to their Greekness and thus whiteness.
(c) The meaning of gender and sexuality in the local context has been perceived as being disconnected from cultural contexts outside Greece or as remaining immune to cultural interactions with non-white migrant and refugee communities. Whereas, in my reading, local discourses concerning gender and sexuality become instrumental in the ability to self-represent as “a Westerner”, and thus “progressive”, or as a “non-Westerner”, and thus “backward”—or both.
(d) In the archival material, there are many images and discourses linking modern Greece to Ancient Greece (work in progress).
The above results have been/will be disseminated through conferences, books and open-access publications in scientific journals.