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eXTEnded AtM for Door2Door travel

Periodic Reporting for period 1 - X-TEAM D2D (eXTEnded AtM for Door2Door travel)

Reporting period: 2020-06-01 to 2021-05-31

X-TEAM D2D project aims at defining, developing and initially validating a Concept of Operations (ConOps) for a seamless integration of Air Traffic Management (ATM) and Air Transport into an overall intermodal network, including other available transportation modes (road, rail, water).
The project provides and validates a Concept of Operations (ConOps) for seamless door-to-door mobility in urban and suburban (up to regional and country- wide level) environment, targeting as scenario the connection of a metropolis with the surrounding area (up to country-wide level) and taking into account the transportation and passengers service scenarios envisaged for the next decades, according to baseline (2025), intermediate (2035) and final (2050) time horizons.
The integration of ATM and air transport into overall intermodal transport system is considered not only with respect to currently available transportation alternatives on the surface and water but also with respect to emerging new mobility forms that are envisaged for the next decades, so providing a rational insight into the future of multimodal mobility in European cities, taking specifically into account the emerging concept of Urban Air Mobility and its integration with the other transportation means and into a unique mobility as a service concept.
Specific X-TEAM D2D project objectives that are relevant in the overall interest of the European community include the following ones.
• The development of a simulation-based approach for validating the proposed ConOps, considering the most relevant elements of the transport in the future, such as interfaces mode-mode, high-level network model, passenger-centric paradigm. A description of the semantic values of future KPIs and a diagnosis of the inefficiencies of the ConOps will be provided.
• Identification of areas where the travel is not as smooth as expected by considering passengers’ perspective, and benefitting also from the support of relevant stakeholders involved in the project Advisory Board and Passengers Advisory Group.
• Building-up a framework to increase the efficiency of the overall transport chain by improving the interoperability of the different modes of transport (already available today and/or available up to the final target 2050 time horizons), while at the same time increasing environmental sustainability, making an efficient use of the existing and future infrastructures.
Over the first 12 months of activities, the project worked on the definition and description of crucial elements that will characterize the future in which the integrated metropolitan and regional transport would operate, by considering 2025, 2035 and 2050 time horizons. The future of transport systems will be characterized by passengers inclusiveness, preservation of environment unconstrained but regulated access and exchange of private and public transport related data and implementation of a door-to-door paradigm for transport. The first project findings are clear: the future of transport depends on the digital integration of personal passengers’ preferences, such as convenience, ease, frequency and speed of service, as well as comprehensiveness and reliability. With the specific aim of considering passengers’ perspective, therefore, the project includes a Passengers Advisory Group that supports the project team in shaping the concept of operations of future multimodal door-to-door transport.
In terms of the air vehicles suitable for use in urban and regional transport systems, the initial scenario points to the use of light aircraft, taking into account conventional configurations (e.g. aircraft represented by small aircraft transportation system (SATS) and short take-off and landing (STOL) categories). The mid-term and final scenarios, then, also point to advances in air vehicles, drones, electric propulsion as well as the miniaturisation of jet engines (Jetpack), represented by vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) and personal air transportation system (PATS) categories.
While researchers identified no new vehicle concepts which would represent potential to revolutionize urban and suburban surface transport on the horizon (road, rail, water), they did note two main emerging trends for all modes: electrification and electric propulsion as an enabler for future urban mobility and the automation of transport, especially a flexible and efficient means of mass public transport solutions.
To bring about a multimodal transport system, researchers underline the importance of investing in communication systems to enable the exchange of data between modes. This will be the main driver for making progress towards more efficient and sustainable transport in the future. Communication and digitalisation will allow for optimisation at the level of entire metropolitan transport ecosystem and will open the door for future inter- domain optimisation (i.e. optimisation of the entire door-to-door travel rather than of addressing only specific transport segments).
The X-TEAM D2D project will deliver a ConOps, preliminarily validated in terms of feasibility and performances evaluation, allowing the optimization of the passengers door-to-door journey from the perspective of the overall transportation system envisaged for seamless mobility, including intermodal transport by means of different means, while focusing in particular on the role played by ATM and aviation in the intermodal transport system. This ConOps will specifically include a detailed ConOps for the achievement of the integration of the different available mobility platforms and a detailed ConOps for the sharing and exploitation of the service data coming from the different transport means, toward a unique mobility service including ATM and air transport.
The addressed ConOps will be designed with specific reference to the Urban and Extended Urban and Regional transport scenario in Europe, considering incremental implementation of the proposed ConOps over three layers: baseline (2035), intermediate (2035), final (2050).
The simulation model that will be used for the validation of the ConOps developed will use some available data and it mainly will be able to generate diverse types of data that will support the validation of the ConOps. For validating the ConOps, the development of the simulation model will be fundamental for investigating the future performance of the multimodal system developed.
With the use of the simulation model for validating the ConOps the consortium will apply the data farming techniques for validating the ConOps and for identifying potential problems and interrelationships of future processes.
The X-TEAM ambition, therefore, is overall the one of providing, for the first time, an all-in-one approach (ConOps and Validation tool). This methodology is innovative on its own since, apart for performing the specification and analysis of future operations, it will provide a validation tool which will increase transparency, replicability and accuracy in the outcomes of the project, by using an innovative simulation methodology for validating the ConOps developed during the project.
Multimodal Trasport Alternatives